An Detailed Guide on How to Draw Eyes

Table of contents

How to Draw Eyes – A Step-by-Step Tutorial

We artists can all relate to the feeling of instant awe when looking into someone else's eyes. It's no wonder why; a person's eyes are the focal point of first impressions.

Eyes are not only hard to miss, but also hard to draw, which leaves many of us in a pit of despair whenever we try.

There are many components to learning how to draw realistic eyes. Nonetheless, I'll do my best in this article to shed light on the mysteries of eye anatomy and provide a painless tutorial on how to draw eyes.

An Overview of the Lessons Provided Here

  • The anatomy of a peeper: the bare bones
  • Overall, a person's facial eyes
  • Numerous varieties of the human eye
  • Instructions for Sketching Accurate Eyes.

Prerequisites for Using this Manual

  • An item of paper
  • Graphite pens and pencils in the 2H, 4B, and 8B ranges
  • A compass
  • A ruler
  • Some sort of mixer
  • An eraser
  • The fine white liner/gel pen

Video Guide

How to sketch an eye:

How to Draw Eyes - Final Result

And that concludes our tutorial!

The Eye: An Overview, Part 1

Let's start with the fundamentals, and I suggest drawing them out with me if you have a pen and paper handy.

1. The Whites of the Eyes

Eye Structure - Sclera

The sclera, or "white of the eye," is the transparent layer that lines the inside of the eyeball and provides necessary protection. The colors range from white to off-white to pale blue to green to purple to gray. A sphere is shown here as a shaded circle.

2. The Throat of the Eye

Eye Structure - Upper Eyelid

The eyeball is shielded from harm by a network of intricate tissues and muscles. As artists, we make a lid-like shape to place over our eyes to symbolize this. It doesn't completely enclose the eyeball because it's attached to our skin and muscles, leaving thin openings on both sides.

The Third Fold of the Eyelash Covering

Eye Structure - Lower Eyelid

The lower lid is represented in the same way as the upper lid, namely as a cover that fits over the eye and is attached to the upper lid.

Fourth, the Iris

Eye Structure - The Iris

The exact center of our eyes should be occupied by a circle that is round from the front (since the effect of perspective alters the shape of an object when viewed from different angles).

5. The Student

Eye Structure - The Pupil

Another round circle, centered in the middle of the iris (when viewed from the front; from other perspectives, it will appear to be a different size and shape).

Never forget that the pupil is an opening for light; as such, its shape will change as the environment does. Light causes it to enlarge, while darkness causes it to contract.

Transitional form 6: from geometric to organic

Eye Shapes - From Basic to Organic

Let's turn our (oversimplified) eyeball shape into an actual eye now that we've covered the basics of anatomy.

Take note of how the upper lash line obscures the upper eyelid crease. It's mostly due to the perspective, but it's also partly due to the gravity that causes our skin to go down and cover it a little bit.

However, the upper waterline of the lower eyelid (usually a reddish tissue) is always visible. One of the most crucial aspects of making our eyes come to life is the shape of the cornea, which is often overlooked by the untrained eye.

Since the skin is pulling the eyelids joint, the tear duct area may or may not be completely visible, but it is still an important part of the eye that we artists shouldn't overlook. Both the upper and lower eyelids cause folds in the skin, which are then simplified into lines; the upper eyelid is the more prominent of the two because of the shape of our protuberant frontal bone and hollow eye socket.

The Transition from Naturalistic Eyes to Biomimetic Structures 7

From Organic to Realistic Eye Structure

Now that we know how to turn geometric forms into organic ones, let's see how our eye reacts to the addition of some shadows and details.

Moving from lines to a fully rendered eye may seem daunting, but it's actually quite simple. Read on, and I'll explain everything step by step.

Eighth, a Perspective From the Side

Side View of Eye Structure

Even though you're itching to sketch out an eye, hold off for a second. Although the eye's structure is the same whether viewed from the front or the side, the perspective through which we see it can change the shapes we perceive, making it more challenging to draw eyes from different perspectives.

A missing tear duct is just one example. What a shock, the iris is now a wafer-thin oval that appears to be protruding from the eyeball. The same can be said for the pupil, which is hiding behind the iris and appears to be a little too timid.

To refresh our memories, the cornea sits atop the iris and is responsible for giving the appearance that our eyes are slightly off-round.

And the pupil isn't just a round opening in the center of the eye; it's an integral part of the eye's focusing system. Due to the fact that the pupil is a hole situated not in the front or center of the cornea but rather far behind the iris, we depict it as a black oval shape near the iris base to create the impression of depth.

The Transition from Geometric to Organic Shapes

Side View of Eye - Basic Shapes to Organic Forms

It's starting to resemble an eye now. By employing rounded edges and emulating skin folds, we were able to transform our previously unattractive eyeball shape into one that looks more natural. Because it is the one responsible for blinking and the one that moves the most, the upper eyelid is noticeably more pronounced than the lower eyelid. Sometimes it's not that noticeable because the lower eyelid is also being pulled by the skin and muscles of the cheeks. A straight line is all that's needed to depict it.

10. Realistic Art: From Organic Forms

Eye Side View - Organic Form to Realistic View

Viewing the eyes with skin, eyelashes, and texture adds context and depth. If you have some familiarity with structure, it is not difficult to figure out how to move from one stage to the next.

Part 2: The Eyes and the Face as a Whole

Facial Structure

Have faith, it will be well worth it in the end. You can choose to read on, or you can choose to learn this on your own, because, once again, structure is crucial.

Suddenly, a skeleton appears. Okay, it's not exactly eye-catching, but it serves its purpose and is relatively simple to remember.

Instead of delving into the inner workings of a skull, let's zero in on the area around the eyes; I've highlighted an "eye mask kind of shape" in that area. It may seem odd now, but trust me when I say that this form has made all the difference in the world for me.

And unless you want to picture a skull every time you draw eyes, I recommend you keep reading because that shape helps me every time I want to draw eyes, from any angle and expression.

Because it is shaped similarly to the eye sockets and bridge of the nose, it is simpler to draw eyes onto the mask. Just pop in the eyes, close the lids, and finish it off with some fine tuning, and we're good to go. The eyes' basic shape has been completed.

A Little Noise Would Be Great

Facial Structure - Volume

The eyebrows we've drawn on top of the red areas, which stand in for the eye sockets, should give us a clue. Because of a prominent protuberance on the frontal bone, the space between the outer eyebrow and eye socket is accentuated when illuminated. Given that the space between the inner eyebrow and the upper eyelid is the hollowest part of the eye zone, this is where you can expect to see the most shadow.

As the nose is a protruding volume, the light will fall directly on its top, while the sides will remain in the shadows.

This is because our skin naturally pulls in the direction of light travel, from our eyelids to our foreheads and then to our cheeks.

Facial Structure - Volume 2

Eyes: A Typology (Part 3)

Types of Eye Shapes

Despite the diversity of eye types, In most cases, the structure/shapes can be decomposed into the same amorphous shapes.

These red, asymmetrical hexagons stand in for some of the many different kinds of eyes that exist; however, they are all represented by the same basic shape, with slight variations in the angles and lengths of the lines constituting the eye.

Nonetheless, there is much more to the definition of the various eye types than that. Consider the function of the skin around your eyes. The eye can become hooded, slanted, sunken, or protuberant depending on the shape the skin takes on. The structure of the eyes should be identified with the help of references, but one must also take into account the individual differences in the eyes caused by factors such as age, weight, race, and health.

Incorporating Brows

Types of Eyes with Eyebrows

When we're done with the eyes, we can't help but feel like something's missing, and that something is, of course, the eyebrows.

Adding eyebrows to our eyes is an excellent first step toward making them make sense, as they provide great definition, express many emotions, and round out our appearance (google eyebrowless people if you don't believe me). Furthermore, eyebrows come in a wide variety of forms, densities, and placements. I could go on and on about this, which is why referencing is so helpful, but the most important thing to remember when drawing eyes is to make them appear symmetrical from the front.

3. A natural appearance

Types of Eyes - Realistic Look

Those incredibly lifelike eyes are actually based on the structure on the right side of this image.

I've emphasized some key points there.

Here's an example: Take a look at how the inner eyebrow is positioned nearer the eye. You can thank those scarlet exclamation points for

How the skin stretches around the eyes is shown in green.

The cyan lines show the direction of the brow hairs and how they were styled, and they also convey the general concept of brow hair.

OK, that's enough of that In this lesson, we will focus on the eye because that is why you are here.

Eyes: A Step-by-Step Guide to Drawing Them

Yes Realistic In no way attempting to imitate reality Reason being, hyperrealism will harm a beginner without them realizing it.

Let's take it easy and study how the eyes are constructed so that we can draw them accurately.

Except if you didn't read the part about how it was put together So, you'll probably return at a later time.

They all do it

Your graphite pencils, kneadable eraser, regular eraser, ruler, compass, bending tool, and white pen/maker will be needed for this procedure.

The First Step: Trace a Circle

Draw Realistic Eyes Step 1

Yes An effortless right angle Modify it so that it is neither too big nor too small. Check the dimensions of your canvas to see if you have enough room to add two more horizontal panels while still leaving some white space on all sides.

In the second step, make two more concentric circles.

Draw Realistic Eyes Step 2

I told you to make room for more; the same rule applies to eyeballs as it does to the distance between eyes (a little more, a little less).

As a third step, split those circles in half.

Draw Realistic Eyes - Step 3

Make a curved cut through all three circles.

Fourth, sketch out two slanted lines.

Step 4

To do this, start on the innermost part of the upper eyelids and pull two angled curves, making sure the breaking point is just below the middle line.

Fifthly, sketch out a couple of irregular hexagons.

Step 5

Here comes the tricky part: make an "eye" shape with the crooked hexagon, resting atop the eyes without touching them.

Sixth, sketch the eyelids' upper and lower halves.

Step 6 - Upper and Lower Eyelids

If you've read this far, you probably know the drill: draw the eyelids to your liking and the desired eye shape.

Seventh, sketch the eye's iris.

Step 7 - Draw the Iris

The iris, which is in the middle of our eyeball, should be drawn in the exact middle of the line, one at a time, with care taken to ensure that the two irises are neither too close together nor too far apart.

Method 8: Sketch the Eyeballs

Step 8 - Draw the Pupils

Since we're depicting the eyes frontally, place the pupil in the exact center of the iris and lightly shade it.

Make a Slight Arch With Your Eyebrows (Step 9)

Step 9 - Hint the Eyebrows

We then proceed to draw two lines, one from the outer edge of each of our eyeballs inward (remembering the protuberant area of the frontal bone), and then repeat for the other eye.

Tenth Stage: Biological Structures

Step 10 - Organic Forms

Remove the grid and replace it with organic shapes by shading the area where the eyebrow shape was indicated.

11th Step: Add Some Shadow to the Eye

Step 11 - Shade the Eyeball

The eyeball is a sphere, so shade it like a sphere illuminated from above, but keep in mind that it is partially obscured by the eyelids and the rest of the facial bone structure.

Too hard Yes, but keep the framework in mind as you put what we've covered to use.

Soft shading can be added to the green areas by simply following them.

The Twelvest Step: The Eyelids

Step 12 - Eyelids

Follow the diagram to shade the eyelids, beginning at the crease of the upper lid and working your way down to the outer corner of the eye. On the lower lid, use a thin, but strong layer of shading.

Thirteenth Stage: Under the Eyebrow

Step 13: Under the Inner Eyebrow

If you're curious about the origin of the deepest shade in the following diagram, you should review the section on the building's framework.

14th Stage: The Externa

Step 14: The Outer Eyelid

Highlight the shadows here to create the impression of depth.

The Eye Bag (15th Step)

Step 15: The Eye Bag

The skin here is extremely delicate, as it lies between the eye muscles and the eye sockets; as a result, this area can be deeply sunken or nearly undetectable in some people. To keep from losing sight of the green areas, some very subtle shadows will be applied.

The 16th Stage: The Lower and Upper Eyelids' Exteriors

Step 16: Outer Upper Eyelid and Lower Eyelid

Okay, now for the exciting conclusion. The beginning of the cheekbone and the outer edge of the eye socket are suggested by the shading. Gentle shading there will make your face look fuller.

Incision No. 17: The Inner Canthal Rim

Step 17 - Inner Border of Eye

With the cheeks pulling the skin tightest around the eyes, this is where the light is most likely to fall. You can simply use your eraser to remove some of the color from that area, and you'll be done.

Nose (Step 18)

Step 18 - The Nose

We need to include at least a small portion of the nose in any drawing of the eyes. For now, just shade over the green areas I've pointed out for you, as the bridge of the nose deserves its own article. Be sure to stick to that outline, and don't be afraid to knead your eraser to get the desired effect.

Part 2 of the Nose (Step 19)

Step 19 - The Nose Part 2

Most people have a small bump on the bridge of their nose, in the hollow space between their eyes, that arises from the frontal bone.

The Iris, Step 20

Step 20 - The Iris

To draw the iris, start by gently drawing over the existing lines or using a blending tool to soften the edges, then pull some thick and thin lines from the pupil as shown.

Iris, Part 2 (Task 21)

Step 21 - Irises Part 2

Now, using a kneadable eraser or the pointiest part of a regular eraser, add and subtract color to create the iris's border and the pupil.

Procedure 22: Eyebrows and Upper and Lower Lids

Step 22 - Eyebrows

Draw some thin and some thick lines following the highlighted lines to mimic the eyebrow hair, and then trace a thicker line on top of the eye to hint the lash line.

Action Number 23: Adding Eyelashes

Step 23 - Eyelashes

Just draw a couple of curve lines as shown below, and keep adding more in between them to create tent shapes and scatter them around the page. Keep in mind that your eyelashes will appear longer on your eye's outer corner and shorter on your eye's inner corner.

The Final Step 24: Summary

Step 23 - Highlights

Wow, what a ride this has been. the final stretch is here You can use your white pen or marker to draw subtle highlights under the eyelashes, along the upper waterline, above the tear duct, and anywhere else you think it would look good, taking into account the location of the eyes in relation to the light source. Because a window is reflecting off of a sphere, I curved two small squares to represent it.

That's it, you're finished. If you're interested in learning more about eyes, I hope you found this article interesting. For those who have read this far, I appreciate it.

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