Results for: How old is biden

20 search results for how old is biden is presented below.

Are you looking for how old is biden? The official links that we have supplied below are the simplest method to do so. All of our links are kept up to date at all times.

'What an old politician understands' — Biden turns the age issue …

Donald Trump tried hard to defeat Joe Biden by hammering on "Sleepy Joe's" age. He failed. And now, four months into President Biden's term, his longevity — at 78 he's …

President Joe Biden stops outside at York High School and is greeted by a boy and his mother, Monday, May 3, 2021, in Yorktown, Va. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
President Biden stopped his motorcade to greet supporters during a trip to Yorktown, Va., earlier this month. (Evan Vucci / Associated Press)

Donald Trump tried hard to defeat Joe Biden by hammering on "Sleepy Joe's" age. He failed. And now, four months into President Biden's term, his longevity — at 78 he's the oldest president in history — may be proving to be one of his best assets.

Mellowed by age and the hard experience of half a century in politics, Biden has modeled an elder's calm that fits the moment for a nation wearied both by crises and by his predecessor's frenetic divisiveness. He's also shown a focus, verbal discipline and self-assured boldness in his policy pronouncements that contrast with his intensity, gaffes and political moderation in past decades, to the surprise of even longtime associates.

"The reason Joe Biden won the nomination and the presidency was because everybody figured this was the right guy for the right time," said former Sen. Ted Kaufman, his friend, advisor and longtime Senate chief of staff. "It's like the Occam's razor theory, where the simplest explanation is the correct one. The reason he's so comfortable and sure-footed is because Joe Biden has been there before — he's been around for almost 50 years learning what to do."

While Republicans have struggled to define Biden in a critical way generally, their allies in conservative media have tried to exploit the age issue by portraying the president as feeble — focusing on his verbal stumbles, for example, and an actual one ascending the stairs to Air Force One. But such jabs have failed to resonate with the broader public.

Biden is not only the oldest U.S. president but arguably the most well prepared. In dealing with Congress, he draws on the experience of 36 years in the Senate.

Former Sen. Alan Simpson, a Republican from Wyoming who served with Biden for half of that time, said Biden entered office having years-long relationships with numerous members of Congress, including Republicans, a deep understanding of how government works and the humbling experience of past defeats.

"One of the greatest disappointments of all time is to run for president of the United States and get hammered. He has been through the ups and downs of pain. And if he were sitting in the box at 'The Phantom of the Opera,' he would know every key on the organ," Simpson said. "He will know exactly what is going on in Washington, D.C. And he has a divining rod of how to tell a phony son of a bitch, and that's his greatest strength."

But it was Biden's subsequent eight years as vice president and then the four years after he left office in 2017 — spent reading presidential histories, reflecting on the Obama era and contemplating not just a final campaign but how he'd do the job of president — that have most informed his approach in the White House, according to several people close to him.

"The last 12 years have given him a lot of confidence in his judgment," said Anita Dunn, a senior White House advisor.

A less-hurried Biden has appeared to savor the job right down to the little moments: picking a dandelion for First Lady Jill Biden on the walk across the South Lawn to Marine One, stopping his motorcade to pose for photographs with supporters along a Virginia roadside and engaging in long conversations with the Marines escorting him across the tarmac to Air Force One. On Tuesday, Biden, in his aviator sunglasses, reveled as he drove an electric pickup truck at a Ford plant in Dearborn, Mich., telling reporters, "This sucker's quick!" before zooming down the track.

"This is the culmination of his political life and career," said Leon Panetta, who served with Biden in Congress and in the Obama Cabinet, where the Californian was CIA director and Defense secretary.

As vice president, Biden was sometimes frustrated that he had his own ideas that differed from Obama's — for example, their views on extending the war in Afghanistan (which Biden is now bringing to a close) and on budget negotiations with congressional Republicans — but he "had to be a good soldier," Panetta added.

"He doesn't have that anchor around his neck anymore," Panetta said. "Now you're seeing pure Joe Biden."

So far, most Americans like what they see. An Associated Press/NORC poll released last week showed him with a 63% overall approval rating, the highest mark of his young presidency and a number few predecessors have reached.

"Despite the politics of the moment and the gridlock that's still very real in Washington, there's a sense that there's a grownup in the job trying to do the right thing for the country," Panetta said.

Biden has shown a determination to restore presidential norms and to address the crises he inherited with the follow-through that the erratic Trump neglected. He has pursued trillion in New Deal-style initiatives to lift the country out of the pandemic and resulting economic downturn despite Democrats' razor-thin majorities in Congress, and with the urgency of someone who knows that time — and political opportunity — is short.

Former Sen. Chuck Hagel, a Nebraska Republican who worked with Biden in the Senate and then as Obama's secretary of Defense, has been struck by what he sees as Biden's ability to see the big picture — viewing infrastructure as more than just roads and bridges, and framing his proposed investments in American workers as a matter of winning the global competition.

"He recognizes clearly that this is a defining time for America and for the world," Hagel said. "I think that's why, yes, he's mindful of politics — you've got to be. But I don't think he's captive to a lot of hand-wringing. He's seizing the moment, because he knows what's required."

Biden's domestic agenda is in keeping with his campaign platform, aides say. Yet the scale of the proposed investments has startled Republicans — and pleasantly surprised many progressives who'd been wary of Biden's long record of moderation.

"He hasn't changed," Kaufman said. "What has changed are the challenges that you face."

In a TV interview last week, Biden said he's tried to follow the advice of his late son Beau and stick to his "home base," to govern based on his convictions. "Some things are worth losing over," Biden said. "I haven’t done this, this long ... to do things that I don't, I don't believe."

It's indeed politically risky. But, Dunn said, "He knows that losing is not the worst thing that can happen to you."

She pointed to Biden's comments about the impact of the deaths of Beau in 2015 and of his first wife and infant daughter decades before, adding, "I think when he stops and he talks to people, that for him is more important than the cameras — those human connections."

Although he has indicated he plans to run for reelection in 2024, at the age of 82, Biden stands apart from younger generations of Washington politicians so driven — as he long was — by zeal for media attention and by personal ambition. His staccato speeches, delivered with the help of teleprompters, are relatively short, plainspoken efforts to talk to Americans about their concerns — not to ensure that the public is talking about him.

Biden's presidency has drawn comparisons to the third and fourth terms of former California Gov. Jerry Brown, who took office in 2011 at age 72 and drew on his decades of experience — including his two long-ago terms as governor from 1975 to 1983 and a stint as Oakland mayor — to pull his state out of a deep financial crisis.

Jim Newton, a Brown biographer, recalled the former governor's memorable 2017 appearance in the state Capitol to passionately argue for cap-and-trade legislation. "This isn't for me — I'm going to be dead!" Brown said. "It is for you!"

The broader public, Newton said, "came around to accept that he was just doing this because he thought it was best for California. It felt genuine."

"And it feels to me like that's what you're observing with Biden," Newton added. "There is something to be said for the authority and authenticity that comes from having reached one's aspirations."

Brown, now 83, agreed with the analogy.

"I thought I was pretty smart when I was governor the first time," he said in an interview. "I thought I was pretty clever when I beat Jimmy Carter in the [1976] Maryland [presidential] primary. But I had nowhere near the insight you get from doing things and losing and seeing how things turn out."

"I enjoyed it more at 80 than when I was 36 because I knew more. The pleasure of the office increases because you know more."

Brown, who also replaced a celebrity in the executive office and faced major problems immediately, complimented Biden's discipline in focusing on the pandemic and economic recovery efforts. Over a long career, Brown said, "You realize many things you do don't have much impact, so that means you should focus on what you can accomplish. And that's not 100 things."

Even as Biden has presented himself as more a problem solver than a partisan, his agenda reflects clear political calculations recognizing the possibility that Republicans could capture one or both houses of Congress in next year's midterm elections.

"The [country's] hole is deep and the window is short with the midterms coming," said Scott Mulhauser, a Democratic strategist and former Biden aide. "He's got to dig the country out and be able to show some progress by the middle of next year. There isn't a lot of math suggesting they ought to hold back. All signs are 'Go.'"

Brown, who had the luxury of taking Democrats' sway in Sacramento for granted in blue California, said it's "imperative" that Biden retain the party's majorities next year. "In one sense, he can't be too adventurous. And he's already being pretty adventurous and bold. But on other issues, he's got to be very careful. Bold and cautious. And that's what an old politician understands."

This story originally appeared in Los Angeles Times.

‘Who’s That Beautiful Face? How Old?’ - Biden Refuses to Answer ...

10-07-2020 · How Old?’ – Biden Refuses to Answer Questions From Reporters But Talks to Child During Visit to His Childhood Home (VIDEO) Friday, July 10, 2020 By Stillness in the …

10-07-2020

(Cristina Laila) Biden on Thursday visited his childhood home in Scranton, Pennsylvania. As usual, Biden refused to answer questions from reporters.

Related Armed Black NFAC Protesters March at Stone Mountain in Georgia on 4th of July — Bait White Militias for Armed Conflict

Source – The Gateway Pundit

by Cristina Laila, July 9th, 2020

REPORTER: “Time for a few questions?”

JOE BIDEN: “No, no.”

REPORTER: “Okay.”

WATCH:

REPORTER: "Time for a few questions?"

JOE BIDEN: "No, no."

REPORTER: "Okay." pic.twitter.com/hwFqnKr6Cn

— Trump War Room – Text TRUMP to 88022 (@TrumpWarRoom) July 9, 2020

But 77-year-old Creepy Joe had plenty of time to creep on children.

Biden was unable to sniff the child’s hair because he was wearing a mask.

“Who’s that beautiful face? How old?” Biden said.

Book The Shadow Party: How George Soros, Hillary Clinton, and Sixties Radicals Seized Control of the Democratic Party

WATCH:

Biden greets Anne Kearns, the current occupant of his childhood home on North Washington Ave in Scranton, from a distance. pic.twitter.com/c3mjQocHKg

— Jennifer Epstein (@jeneps) July 9, 2020

Biden knelt down to speak to the child, “It was great to see you, honey.”

Biden made a stop at his old home in Scranton today. He was greeted by a crowd of supporters. pic.twitter.com/pvivAqipXW

— Madeleine Rivera (@madeleinerivera) July 9, 2020

Book Stealing Elections: How Voter Fraud Threatens Our Democracy

About The Author

Cristina Laila

Cristina began writing for The Gateway Pundit in 2016 and she is currently the Associate Editor.

Stillness in the Storm Editor: Why did we post this?

The news is important to all people because it is where we come to know new things about the world, which leads to the development of more life goals that lead to life wisdom. The news also serves as a social connection tool, as we tend to relate to those who know about and believe the things we do. With the power of an open truth-seeking mind in hand, the individual can grow wise and the collective can prosper. 

– Justin

Not sure how to make sense of this? Want to learn how to discern like a pro? Read this essential guide to discernment, analysis of claims, and understanding the truth in a world of deception: 4 Key Steps of Discernment – Advanced Truth-Seeking Tools.

Stillness in the Storm Editor’s note: Did you find a spelling error or grammatical mistake? Send an email to [email protected], with the error and suggested correction, along with the headline and url. Do you think this article needs an update? Or do you just have some feedback? Send us an email at [email protected] Thank you for reading.

Source:

https://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2020/07/beautiful-face-old-biden-refuses-answer-questions-reporters-creeps-child-visit-childhood-home-video/

Stop Worrying About Biden’s Age. We Need His Wisdom Right Now.

12-11-2020 · Nov. 12, 2020. When Joe Biden is sworn in on Inauguration Day, he will be 78, the oldest president to take the oath of office since the birth of our Republic.

12-11-2020

In his thoughtful — if depressingly headlined — story for The Atlantic last year, “Your Professional Decline is Coming (Much) Sooner Than You Think,” Arthur C. Brooks noted that while most people’s happiness increases between the ages of 50 and 70 in wealthier countries, all bets are off after that, especially if you’re male: Both depression and suicide rates go up in men after 75.

The story also noted that peaking early in life, as Biden did — he was first elected to the Senate at 29 — can often set unrealistic expectations for old age, and the inevitable decline in our ability to reason and solve novel problems, “or fluid intelligence,” can be a recipe for utter devastation.

But here, to me, was the real takeaway from Mr. Brooks’s piece: If our fluid intelligence declines as we age, our “crystallized intelligence,” or the ability to use what we know, increases. And what better profession is there to make use of what you know than politics?

On some level, voters intuited as much. They decided to replace a savage clown and chaos-sowing novice with a man defined by decency and nearly half a century of public service. After briefly (and disastrously) defining competency down, they defined it back up.

They also chose someone who is capable of change and admitting error, two qualities one associates with wisdom. During the second and final debate, Biden not once but twice confessed he’d made big mistakes in public office — in not persuading Congress to pass comprehensive immigration reform during the Obama years, and in supporting the 1994 crime bill during the Clinton ones.

Compare that with “I don’t take any responsibility at all.”

Age has tempered and humbled Biden. We see precious little, now, of the strutting and gasbaggery we saw from him in his youth. Whereas Trump has remained ever the same since he was an insipid real estate developer whose businesses filed serially for bankruptcy. Time and experience have not shaped him. His misshapen personality does not permit it. A disordered psychology renders him immune.

The next government will be a veritable gerontocracy, with an 80-year-old speaker of the House and perhaps a 78-year-old Senate majority leader. I sympathize with those who say this arrangement is less than ideal. It’d be wonderful if our government could be more representative of the United States in every respect.

But right now, we have a president who won’t concede defeat, much less allow the victor into the building. Thank God we’ve elected someone who can build a cabinet in his sleep. Who knows the future players in Congress and in many statehouses. And best yet, knows the country. His bones may be a tad more brittle, but he’s got a body of knowledge rivaled by few.

The Times is committed to publishing a diversity of letters to the editor. We’d like to hear what you think about this or any of our articles. Here are some tips. And here’s our email: [email protected].

Follow The New York Times Opinion section on Facebook, Twitter (@NYTopinion) and Instagram.

People also ask
More FAQs for how old is biden
  • How old will Joe Biden be when he leaves office?

    If Joe Biden wins a second term in 2024, he will be 86 years old when he leaves office. Listen: It’s time Congress seriously debates a constitutional amendment to put an upper limit on the age of the presidency. We can’t be having doddering old fools running the show.

    President Joe Biden is clearly every bit of 78 years old. It’s clear when he talks, when he walks, when he does just about anything.

    Am I saying the man is suffering from cognitive decline? Well, I guess. I mean, he’s old! I know plenty of 78-year-olds (and up) and they’re also not always all the way there. Even the old people I know who are all the way there are still, you know, old.

    It’s really a valid question: Should someone that old be president? Should someone who’s 85 be president? Someone who’s 100? There should probably be an upper limit, don’t you think?

    Fact is, there isn’t. There is no upper limit. There is a lower limit — you have to be 35 years old to become president of the United States. Says so right there in the Constitution. Article II, Section 1, Clause 5: “No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.”

    Clear as day. Have to be at least 35 years old. The rationale our founding fathers had for the 35-year barrier? Not entirely clear, though a few of them had some ideas. James Monroe, for instance, noted that “in the course of nature very few fathers leave a son who has arrived to that age,” thereby preventing the possibility of dynastic rule.

    Isn’t that something? Monroe’s point was that the idea of someone living long enough to see their son reach the ripe old age of 35 was somewhat laughable. Of course, the average life expectancy of a white man back then was about 38 years old. (Today’s life expectancy of a white dude? It’s 79.) (Of course, back then, just getting past the toddler stage was a grand success, as roughly half of people born didn’t make it to five years old. Anyway …)

    But it is worth noting life was a lot more … dangerous back then. It took a lot of luck to make it into old age. I would imagine “cognitive decline” was not exactly high on the list of worries our forefathers had when it came to the presidency.

    In fact, outside of William Henry Harrison — who died 30 days into his term at age 68 — the oldest president we ever elected before Ronald Reagan (who was 69) was Zachary Taylor at 64. In fact, from Abraham Lincoln right through Jimmy Carter, the oldest president was Dwight Eisenhower, elected at age 62.

    If Joe Biden wins a second term in 2024, he will be 86 years old when he leaves office.

    Listen: It’s time Congress seriously debates a constitutional amendment to put an upper limit on the age of the presidency. We can’t be having doddering old fools running the show. That’s insane.

    In fact, Biden should immediately announce A) that he’s not running in 2024 and B) that he demands Congress take this up. What better time to tidy this up?

    Honestly, the age should be somewhere no older than 70 when you take office. No one is bellyaching about the 35-year-old minimum, and thus no one should be bellyaching about setting some sort of maximum.

    I don’t want to say our democracy depends on it, but really, it kinda does. While modern medicine has certainly extended our lifespan, we haven’t yet cracked the nut on what keeps our brain humming at a reasonable level.

    It’s time we prevent old fogies who can’t keep up from running for president. The time is now to put an end to this nonsense.

    Related: Donald Trump will be 78 years old on Inauguration Day, 2025.

    Joe Biden is clearly too old to be president, don’t you
  • How old was Biden when he became senator?

    He studied at the University of Delaware before earning his law degree from Syracuse University in 1968. He was elected to the New Castle County Council in 1970 and became the sixth-youngest senator in U.S. history after he was elected to the United States Senate from Delaware in 1972, at age 29.
    46th president of the United States since 2021
    "Joseph Biden" and "Biden" redirect here. For his late son Joseph Biden III, see Beau Biden. For other uses, see Biden (disambiguation).
    Joe Biden presidential portrait.jpg
    Joe Biden
    Official portrait, 2021
    46th President of the United States
    Incumbent
    Assumed office
    January 20, 2021Vice PresidentKamala HarrisPreceded byDonald Trump47th Vice President of the United StatesIn office
    January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017PresidentBarack ObamaPreceded byDick CheneySucceeded byMike PenceUnited States Senator
    from DelawareIn office
    January 3, 1973 – January 15, 2009Preceded byJ. Caleb BoggsSucceeded byTed Kaufman Personal detailsBorn
    Joseph Robinette Biden Jr.

    (1942-11-20) November 20, 1942 (age 79)
    Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S.Political partyDemocratic (1969–present)Other political
    affiliationsIndependent (before 1969)Spouse(s)
    Neilia Hunter
    (m. 1966; died 1972)
    Jill Jacobs
    (m. 1977)
    Children
    • Beau
    • Hunter
    • Naomi
    • Ashley
    Parent(s)
    • Joseph Robinette Biden Sr.
    • Catherine Eugenia Finnegan
    RelativesBiden familyAlma mater
    • University of Delaware (BA)
    • Syracuse University (JD)
    Occupation
    • Politician
    • lawyer
    • author
    AwardsList of honors and awardsSignatureWebsite
    • Campaign website
    • White House website
    Other offices
    • 2007–2009: Chair of the International Narcotics Control Caucus
    • 2001[n 1]–2003, 2007–2009: Chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
    • 1987–1995: Chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee

    Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. (/ˈbdən/ BY-dən; born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who is the 46th and current president of the United States. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 47th vice president from 2009 to 2017 under Barack Obama and represented Delaware in the United States Senate from 1973 to 2009.

    Biden was born and raised in Scranton, Pennsylvania, moving with his family to New Castle County, Delaware in 1953 when he was ten. He studied at the University of Delaware before earning his law degree from Syracuse University in 1968. He was elected to the New Castle County Council in 1970 and became the sixth-youngest senator in U.S. history after he was elected to the United States Senate from Delaware in 1972, at age 29. Biden was the chair or ranking member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee for 12 years and was influential in foreign affairs during Obama's presidency. He also chaired the Senate Judiciary Committee from 1987 to 1995, dealing with drug policy, crime prevention, and civil liberties issues; led the effort to pass the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act and the Violence Against Women Act; and oversaw six U.S. Supreme Court confirmation hearings, including the contentious hearings for Robert Bork and Clarence Thomas. He ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 and 2008. Biden was reelected to the Senate six times and was the fourth-most senior sitting senator at the time when he became Obama's vice president after they won the 2008 presidential election, defeating John McCain and his running mate Sarah Palin. Obama and Biden were reelected in 2012, defeating Mitt Romney and his running mate Paul Ryan.

    During eight years as vice president, Biden leaned on his Senate experience and frequently represented the administration in negotiations with congressional Republicans, including on the Budget Control Act of 2011, which resolved a debt ceiling crisis, and the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, which addressed the impending "fiscal cliff". He also oversaw infrastructure spending in 2009 to counteract the Great Recession. On foreign policy, Biden was a close counselor to the president and took a leading role in designing the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq in 2011. In 2017, Obama awarded Biden the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Distinction.

    Biden and his running mate Kamala Harris defeated incumbent president Donald Trump and vice president Mike Pence in the 2020 presidential election. Biden is the oldest president, the first to have a female vice president, the first from Delaware, and the second Catholic after John F. Kennedy. His early presidential activity centered around proposing, lobbying for, and signing into law the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 to help the United States recover from the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing recession, as well as a series of executive orders. Biden's orders addressed the pandemic and reversed several Trump administration policies, including rejoining the Paris Agreement on climate change and accepting new applications for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) recipients, although a federal judge blocked the latter. Biden completed the withdrawal of all U.S. troops from Afghanistan by September 2021; during this, the Afghan government fell and the Taliban seized control, causing Biden to face criticism over the manner of withdrawal, with allegations of poor planning. Biden proposed the Build Back Better Plan, aspects of which were incorporated into the bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, which Biden signed into law in November 2021.

    Early life (1942–1965)

    Joe Biden presidential portrait (cropped).jpg
    This article is part of
    a series about
    Joe Biden
    • Political positions
    • Electoral history
    • Early life and career
    • Eponyms
    • Family
    • Honors
    • Overview
    • Public image
    U.S. Senator from Delaware
    • Senate Judiciary Committee
      • Supreme Court hearings
        • Robert Bork
        • Clarence Thomas
      • 1994 Crime Bill
      • Violence Against Women Act
    • Senate Foreign Relations Committee
    47th Vice President of the United States
    • Transition
    • Tenure
    • Obama administration
      • first inauguration
      • second inauguration
    • Economic policy
      • Great Recession response
      • 2010 Tax Relief Act
      • 2011 debt-ceiling crisis response
      • fiscal cliff response
    • Foreign policy
    • Task forces
      • Gun Violence
      • Protect Students from Sexual Assault
      • Women and Girls
    46th President of the United States
    Incumbent
    • Presidency
      • timeline
    • Transition
      • COVID-19 Advisory Board
    • Inauguration
    • Executive actions
      • proclamations
    • Trips
      • international
      • 2021
      • 2022
    • Geneva summit
    • COVID-19 pandemic
    Appointments
    • Cabinet
    • Ambassadors
    • Federal judges
    • Executive Office
    • U.S. Attorneys
    Policies
    • COVID-19
      • WH Response Team
    • Economy
      • 2021 Rescue
    • Electoral/ethics
    • Environment
    • Foreign policy
      • Afghanistan withdrawal
      • AUKUS
    • Immigration
      • U.S.–Mexico border crisis
    • Build Back Better
    • Social issues
      • cannabis
    Presidential campaigns
    • 1988
      • primaries
    • 2008
      • primaries
    • 2020
      • primaries
      • sexual assault allegation
      • Ukraine conspiracy theory
      • convention
      • debates
      • election
      • endorsements
        • primary
        • celebrity
        • organizations
        • Congress
        • state and territorial officials
        • municipal officials
      • vice presidential selection
    Vice presidential campaigns
    • 2008
      • selection
      • convention
      • election
    • 2012
      • convention
      • election
    Published works
    • Promises to Keep
    • Promise Me, Dad
    Seal of the President of the United States
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Main article: Early life and career of Joe Biden
    See also: Family of Joe Biden
    Biden at Archmere Academy in the 1950s

    Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. was born on November 20, 1942,[1] at St. Mary's Hospital in Scranton, Pennsylvania,[2] to Catherine Eugenia "Jean" Biden (née Finnegan) and Joseph Robinette Biden Sr.[3][4] The oldest child in a Catholic family, he has a sister, Valerie, and two brothers, Francis and James.[5] Jean was of Irish descent,[6][7][8] while Joseph Sr. had English, French, and Irish ancestry.[9][8]

    Biden's father had been wealthy, but suffered financial setbacks around the time Biden was born,[10][11][12] and for several years the family lived with Biden's maternal grandparents.[13] Scranton fell into economic decline during the 1950s and Biden's father could not find steady work.[14] Beginning in 1953 when Biden was ten,[15] the family lived an apartment in Claymont, Delaware, before moving to a house in nearby Mayfield.[16][17][11][13] Biden Sr. later became a successful used-car salesman, maintaining the family in a middle-class lifestyle.[13][14][18]

    At Archmere Academy in Claymont,[19] Biden played baseball and was a standout halfback and wide receiver on the high school football team.[13][20] Though a poor student, he was class president in his junior and senior years.[21][22] He graduated in 1961.[21] At the University of Delaware in Newark, Biden briefly played freshman football[23][24] and, as an unexceptional student,[25] earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1965 with a double major in history and political science, and a minor in English.[26][27]

    Biden has a stutter, which has improved since his early twenties.[28] He says he reduced it by reciting poetry before a mirror,[22][29] but some observers suggested it affected his performance in the 2020 Democratic Party presidential debates.[30][31][32]

    Marriages, law school, and early career (1966–1972)

    Main article: Early career of Joe Biden

    On August 27, 1966, Biden married Neilia Hunter (1942–1972), a student at Syracuse University,[26] after overcoming her parents' reluctance for her to wed a Roman Catholic; the ceremony was held in a Catholic church in Skaneateles, New York.[33] They had three children: Joseph R. "Beau" Biden III (1969–2015), Robert Hunter Biden (born 1970), and Naomi Christina "Amy" Biden (1971–1972).[26]

    Biden in the Syracuse 1968 yearbook

    In 1968, Biden earned a Juris Doctor from Syracuse University College of Law, ranked 76th in his class of 85, after failing a course due to an acknowledged "mistake" when he plagiarized a law review article for a paper he wrote in his first year at law school.[25] He was admitted to the Delaware bar in 1969.[1]

    Biden had not openly supported or opposed the Vietnam War until he ran for Senate and opposed Nixon's conduct of the war.[34] While studying at the University of Delaware and Syracuse University, Biden obtained five student draft deferments, at a time when most draftees were sent to the Vietnam War. In 1968, based on a physical examination, he was given a conditional medical deferment; in 2008, a spokesperson for Biden said his having had "asthma as a teenager" was the reason for the deferment.[35]

    In 1968, Biden clerked at a Wilmington law firm headed by prominent local Republican William Prickett and, he later said, "thought of myself as a Republican".[36][37] He disliked incumbent Democratic Delaware governor Charles L. Terry's conservative racial politics and supported a more liberal Republican, Russell W. Peterson, who defeated Terry in 1968.[36] Biden was recruited by local Republicans but registered as an Independent because of his distaste for Republican presidential candidate Richard Nixon.[36]

    In 1969, Biden practiced law first as a public defender and then at a firm headed by a locally active Democrat[38][36] who named him to the Democratic Forum, a group trying to reform and revitalize the state party;[39] Biden subsequently reregistered as a Democrat.[36] He and another attorney also formed a law firm.[38]Corporate law, however, did not appeal to him, and criminal law did not pay well.[13] He supplemented his income by managing properties.[40]

    In 1970, Biden ran for the 4th district seat on the New Castle County Council on a liberal platform that included support for public housing in the suburbs.[41][38][42] The seat had been held by Republican Henry R. Folsom, who was running in the 5th District following a reapportionment of council districts.[43][44][45] Biden won the general election by defeating Republican Lawrence T. Messick, and took office on January 5, 1971.[46][47] He served until January 1, 1973, and was succeeded by Democrat Francis R. Swift.[48][49][50][51] During his time on the county council, Biden opposed large highway projects, which he argued might disrupt Wilmington neighborhoods.[52]

    1972 U.S. Senate campaign in Delaware

    Main article: 1972 United States Senate election in Delaware
    Results of the 1972 U.S. Senate election in Delaware

    In 1972, Biden defeated Republican incumbent J. Caleb Boggs to become the junior U.S. senator from Delaware. He was the only Democrat willing to challenge Boggs.[38] With minimal campaign funds, he was given no chance of winning.[13] Family members managed and staffed the campaign, which relied on meeting voters face-to-face and hand-distributing position papers,[53] an approach made feasible by Delaware's small size.[40] He received help from the AFL–CIO and Democratic pollster Patrick Caddell.[38] His platform focused on the environment, withdrawal from Vietnam, civil rights, mass transit, equitable taxation, health care, and public dissatisfaction with "politics as usual".[38][53] A few months before the election, Biden trailed Boggs by almost thirty percentage points,[38] but his energy, attractive young family, and ability to connect with voters' emotions worked to his advantage,[18] and he won with 50.5 percent of the vote.[53] At the time of his election, he was still 29 years old, but reached the constitutionally required age of 30 before he was sworn in as Senator.[54]

    Death of wife and daughter

    On December 18, 1972, a few weeks after the election, Biden's wife Neilia and one-year-old daughter Naomi were killed in an automobile accident while Christmas shopping in Hockessin, Delaware.[26][55] Neilia's station wagon was hit by a semi-trailer truck as she pulled out from an intersection. Their sons Beau (aged 3) and Hunter (aged 2) survived the accident and were taken to the hospital in fair condition, Beau with a broken leg and other wounds and Hunter with a minor skull fracture and other head injuries.[56] Biden considered resigning to care for them,[18] but Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield persuaded him not to.[57]

    Years later, Biden said he had heard that the truck driver allegedly drank alcohol before the collision. The driver's family denied that claim, and the police never substantiated it. Biden later apologized to the family.[58][59][60][61][62] The accident had filled him with anger and religious doubt. He wrote that he "felt God had played a horrible trick" on him,[63] and he had trouble focusing on work.[64][65]

    Second marriage

    Biden and his second wife, Jill, met in 1975 and married in 1977

    Biden credits his second wife, teacher Jill Tracy Jacobs, with the renewal of his interest in politics and life;[66] they met in 1975 on a blind date[67] and were married at the United Nations chapel in New York on June 17, 1977.[68][69] They spent their honeymoon at Lake Balaton in the Hungarian People's Republic, behind the Iron Curtain.[70][71] They are Roman Catholics and attend Mass at St. Joseph's on the Brandywine in Greenville, Delaware.[72] Their daughter Ashley Biden (born 1981)[26] is a social worker. She is married to physician Howard Krein.[73] Beau Biden became an Army Judge Advocate in Iraq and later Delaware Attorney General;[74] he died of brain cancer in 2015.[75][76] Hunter Biden is a Washington lobbyist and investment adviser.[77]

    Teaching

    From 1991 to 2008, as an adjunct professor, Biden co-taught a seminar on constitutional law at Widener University School of Law.[78][79] The seminar often had a waiting list. Biden sometimes flew back from overseas to teach the class.[80][81][82][83]

    U.S. Senate (1973–2009)

    Main article: United States Senate career of Joe Biden

    Senate activities

    Biden with President Jimmy Carter, 1979

    In January 1973, secretary of the Senate Francis R. Valeo swore Biden in at the Delaware Division of the Wilmington Medical Center.[84][56] Present were his sons Beau (whose leg was still in traction from the automobile accident) and Hunter and other family members.[84][56] At 30, he was the sixth-youngest senator in U.S. history.[85][86]

    To see his sons, Biden traveled by train between his Delaware home and D.C.[87]—74 minutes each way—and maintained this habit throughout his 36 years in the Senate.[18]

    During his early years in the Senate, Biden focused on consumer protection and environmental issues and called for greater government accountability.[88] In a 1974 interview, he described himself as liberal on civil rights and liberties, senior citizens' concerns and healthcare but conservative on other issues, including abortion and military conscription.[89]

    In his first decade in the Senate, Biden focused on arms control.[90][91] After Congress failed to ratify the SALT II Treaty signed in 1979 by Soviet general secretary Leonid Brezhnev and President Jimmy Carter, Biden met with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko to communicate American concerns and secured changes that addressed the Senate Foreign Relations Committee's objections.[92] When the Reagan administration wanted to interpret the 1972 SALT I treaty loosely to allow development of the Strategic Defense Initiative, Biden argued for strict adherence to the treaty.[90] He received considerable attention when he excoriated Secretary of State George Shultz at a Senate hearing for the Reagan administration's support of South Africa despite its continued policy of apartheid.[36]

    Biden shaking hands with President Ronald Reagan, 1984

    Biden became ranking minority member of the Senate Judiciary Committee in 1981. In 1984, he was a Democratic floor manager for the successful passage of the Comprehensive Crime Control Act. His supporters praised him for modifying some of the law's worst provisions, and it was his most important legislative accomplishment to that time.[93] In 1994, Biden helped pass the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, also known as the Biden Crime Law, which included a ban on assault weapons,[94][95] and the Violence Against Women Act,[96] which he has called his most significant legislation.[97] The 1994 crime law was unpopular among progressives and criticized for resulting in mass incarceration;[98][99] in 2019, Biden called his role in passing the bill a "big mistake", citing its policy on crack cocaine and saying that the bill "trapped an entire generation".[100]

    In 1993, Biden voted for a provision that deemed homosexuality incompatible with military life, thereby banning gays from serving in the armed forces.[101][102][103] In 1996, he voted for the Defense of Marriage Act, which prohibited the federal government from recognizing same-sex marriages, thereby barring individuals in such marriages from equal protection under federal law and allowing states to do the same.[104] In 2015, the act was ruled unconstitutional in Obergefell v. Hodges.[105]

    Elected to the Senate in 1972, Biden was reelected in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1996, 2002, and 2008, regularly receiving about 60% of the vote.[106] He was junior senator to William Roth, who was first elected in 1970, until Roth was defeated in 2000.[107] As of 2020[update], he was the 18th-longest-serving senator in U.S. history.[108]

    Opposition to busing

    In the mid-1970s, Biden was one of the Senate's strongest opponents of race-integration busing. His Delaware constituents strongly opposed it, and such opposition nationwide later led his party to mostly abandon school integration policies.[109] In his first Senate campaign, Biden had expressed support for busing to remedy de jure segregation, as in the South, but opposed its use to remedy de facto segregation arising from racial patterns of neighborhood residency, as in Delaware; he opposed a proposed constitutional amendment banning busing entirely.[110]

    In May 1974, Biden voted to table a proposal containing anti-busing and anti-desegregation clauses but later voted for a modified version containing a qualification that it was not intended to weaken the judiciary's power to enforce the 5th Amendment and 14th Amendment.[111] In 1975, he supported a proposal that would have prevented the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare from cutting federal funds to districts that refused to integrate;[112] he said busing was a "bankrupt idea [violating] the cardinal rule of common sense" and that his opposition would make it easier for other liberals to follow suit.[93] At the same time he supported initiatives on housing, job opportunities and voting rights.[111] Biden supported a measure[when?] forbidding the use of federal funds for transporting students beyond the school closest to them. In 1977, he co-sponsored an amendment closing loopholes in that measure, which President Carter signed into law in 1978.[113]

    Brain surgeries

    In February 1988, after several episodes of increasingly severe neck pain, Biden was taken by ambulance to Walter Reed Army Medical Center for surgery to correct a leaking intracranial berry aneurysm.[114][115] While recuperating, he suffered a pulmonary embolism, a serious complication.[115] After a second aneurysm was surgically repaired in May,[115][116] Biden's recuperation kept him away from the Senate for seven months.[117]

    1988 presidential campaign

    Main article: Joe Biden 1988 presidential campaign
    Biden at the White House in 1987

    Biden formally declared his candidacy for the 1988 Democratic presidential nomination on June 9, 1987.[118] He was considered a strong candidate because of his moderate image, his speaking ability, his high profile as chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee at the upcoming Robert Bork Supreme Court nomination hearings, and his appeal to Baby Boomers; he would have been the second-youngest person elected president, after John F. Kennedy.[36][119][120] He raised more in the first quarter of 1987 than any other candidate.[119][120]

    By August his campaign's messaging had become confused due to staff rivalries,[121] and in September, he was accused of plagiarizing a speech by British Labour Party leader Neil Kinnock.[122] Biden's speech had similar lines about being the first person in his family to attend university. Biden had credited Kinnock with the formulation on previous occasions,[123][124] but did not on two occasions in late August.[125]: 230–232 [124]

    Earlier that year he had also used passages from a 1967 speech by Robert F. Kennedy (for which his aides took blame) and a short phrase from John F. Kennedy's inaugural address; two years earlier he had used a 1976 passage by Hubert Humphrey.[126] Biden responded that politicians often borrow from one another without giving credit, and that one of his rivals for the nomination, Jesse Jackson, had called him to point out that he (Jackson) had used the same material by Humphrey that Biden had used.[18][25]

    A few days later, an incident in law school in which Biden drew text from a Fordham Law Review article with inadequate citations was publicized.[25] He was required to repeat the course and passed with high marks.[127] At Biden's request the Delaware Supreme Court's Board of Professional Responsibility reviewed the incident and concluded that he had violated no rules.[128]

    Biden has made several false or exaggerated claims about his early life: that he had earned three degrees in college, that he attended law school on a full scholarship, that he had graduated in the top half of his class,[129][130] and that he had marched in the civil rights movement.[131] The limited amount of other news about the presidential race amplified these disclosures[132] and on September 23, 1987, Biden withdrew his candidacy, saying it had been overrun by "the exaggerated shadow" of his past mistakes.[133]

    Kinnock himself was more forgiving; the two men met in 1988, forming an enduring friendship.[134]

    Senate Judiciary Committee

    See also: Robert Bork Supreme Court nomination and Clarence Thomas Supreme Court nomination
    Biden speaking at the signing of the 1994 Crime Bill with President Bill Clinton in 1994

    Biden was a longtime member of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary. He chaired it from 1987 to 1995 and was a ranking minority member from 1981 to 1987 and again from 1995 to 1997.

    As chair, Biden presided over two highly contentious U.S. Supreme Court confirmation hearings.[18] When Robert Bork was nominated in 1988, Biden reversed his approval‍—‌given in an interview the previous year‍—‌of a hypothetical Bork nomination. Conservatives were angered,[135] but at the hearings' close Biden was praised for his fairness, humor, and courage.[135][136] Rejecting the arguments of some Bork opponents,[18] Biden framed his objections to Bork in terms of the conflict between Bork's strong originalism and the view that the U.S. Constitution provides rights to liberty and privacy beyond those explicitly enumerated in its text.[136] Bork's nomination was rejected in the committee by a 9–5 vote[136] and then in the full Senate, 58–42.[137]

    During Clarence Thomas's nomination hearings in 1991, Biden's questions on constitutional issues were often convoluted to the point that Thomas sometimes lost track of them,[138] and Thomas later wrote that Biden's questions were akin to "beanballs".[139] After the committee hearing closed, the public learned that Anita Hill, a University of Oklahoma law school professor, had accused Thomas of making unwelcome sexual comments when they had worked together.[140][141] Biden had known of some of these charges, but initially shared them only with the committee because Hill was then unwilling to testify.[18] The committee hearing was reopened and Hill testified, but Biden did not permit testimony from other witnesses, such as a woman who had made similar charges and experts on harassment,[142] saying he wanted to preserve Thomas's privacy and the hearings' decency.[138][142] The full Senate confirmed Thomas by a 52–48 vote, with Biden opposed.[18] Liberal legal advocates and women's groups felt strongly that Biden had mishandled the hearings and not done enough to support Hill.[142] Biden later sought out women to serve on the Judiciary Committee and emphasized women's issues in the committee's legislative agenda.[18] In 2019, he told Hill he regretted his treatment of her, but Hill said afterward she remained unsatisfied.[143]

    Biden was critical of Independent Counsel Ken Starr during the 1990s Whitewater controversy and Lewinsky scandal investigations, saying "it's going to be a cold day in hell" before another independent counsel would be granted similar powers.[144] He voted to acquit during the impeachment of President Clinton.[145] During the 2000s, Biden sponsored bankruptcy legislation sought by credit card issuers.[18] Clinton vetoed the bill in 2000, but it passed in 2005 as the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act,[18] with Biden one of only 18 Democrats to vote for it, while leading Democrats and consumer rights organizations opposed it.[146] As a senator, Biden strongly supported increased Amtrak funding and rail security.[106][147]

    Senator Biden accompanies President Clinton and other officials to Bosnia and Herzegovina in December 1997

    Senate Foreign Relations Committee

    Biden was a longtime member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He became its ranking minority member in 1997 and chaired it from June 2001 to 2003 and 2007 to 2009.[148] His positions were generally liberal internationalist.[90][149] He collaborated effectively with Republicans and sometimes went against elements of his own party.[148][149] During this time he met with at least 150 leaders from 60 countries and international organizations, becoming a well-known Democratic voice on foreign policy.[150]

    Biden voted against authorization for the Gulf War in 1991,[149] siding with 45 of the 55 Democratic senators; he said the U.S. was bearing almost all the burden in the anti-Iraq coalition.[151]

    Biden became interested in the Yugoslav Wars after hearing about Serbian abuses during the Croatian War of Independence in 1991.[90] Once the Bosnian War broke out, Biden was among the first to call for the "lift and strike" policy of lifting the arms embargo, training Bosnian Muslims and supporting them with NATO air strikes, and investigating war crimes.[90][148] The George H. W. Bush administration and Clinton administration were both reluctant to implement the policy, fearing Balkan entanglement.[90][149] In April 1993, Biden spent a week in the Balkans and held a tense three-hour meeting with Serbian leader Slobodan Milošević.[152] Biden related that he had told Milošević, "I think you're a damn war criminal and you should be tried as one."[152]

    Biden wrote an amendment in 1992 to compel the Bush administration to arm the Bosnians, but deferred in 1994 to a somewhat softer stance the Clinton administration preferred, before signing on the following year to a stronger measure sponsored by Bob Dole and Joe Lieberman.[152] The engagement led to a successful NATO peacekeeping effort.[90] Biden has called his role in affecting Balkans policy in the mid-1990s his "proudest moment in public life" related to foreign policy.[149]

    As chair, Biden contributed to successfully encouraging the Clinton administration to commit the resources and political capital to broker what became the 1998 Good Friday Agreement between the governments of Ireland and the United Kingdom through the Northern Ireland peace process.[153]

    In 1999, during the Kosovo War, Biden supported the 1999 NATO bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.[90] He and Senator John McCain co-sponsored the McCain-Biden Kosovo Resolution, which called on Clinton to use all necessary force, including ground troops, to confront Milošević over Yugoslav actions toward ethnic Albanians in Kosovo.[149][154]

    Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq

    Main article: War on terror
    Biden addresses the press after meeting with Prime Minister Ayad Allawi in Baghdad in 2004.

    Biden was a strong supporter of the War in Afghanistan, saying, "Whatever it takes, we should do it."[155] As head of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he said in 2002 that Iraqi president Saddam Hussein was a threat to national security and there was no other option than to "eliminate" that threat.[156] In October 2002, he voted in favor of the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq, approving the U.S. invasion of Iraq.[149] As chair of the committee, he assembled a series of witnesses to testify in favor of the authorization. They gave testimony grossly misrepresenting the intent, history, and status of Saddam and his secular government, which was an avowed enemy of al-Qaida, and touted Iraq's fictional possession of weapons of mass destruction.[157] Biden eventually became a critic of the war and viewed his vote and role as a "mistake", but did not push for withdrawal.[149][152] He supported the appropriations for the occupation, but argued that the war should be internationalized, that more soldiers were needed, and that the Bush administration should "level with the American people" about its cost and length.[148][154]

    By late 2006, Biden's stance had shifted considerably. He opposed the troop surge of 2007,[149][152] saying General David Petraeus was "dead, flat wrong" in believing the surge could work.[158] Biden instead advocated dividing Iraq into a loose federation of three ethnic states.[159] In November 2006, Biden and Leslie H. Gelb, president emeritus of the Council on Foreign Relations, released a comprehensive strategy to end sectarian violence in Iraq.[160] Rather than continue the existing approach or withdrawing, the plan called for "a third way": federalizing Iraq and giving Kurds, Shiites, and Sunnis "breathing room" in their own regions.[161] In September 2007, a non-binding resolution endorsing the plan passed the Senate,[160] but the idea was unfamiliar, had no political constituency, and failed to gain traction.[158] Iraq's political leadership denounced the resolution as de facto partitioning of the country, and the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad issued a statement distancing itself from it.[160] In May 2008, Biden sharply criticized President George W. Bush's speech to Israel's Knesset in which Bush compared some Democrats to Western leaders who appeased Hitler before World War II; Biden called the speech "bullshit", "malarkey", and "outrageous". He later apologized for his language.[162]

    2008 presidential campaign

    Main article: Joe Biden 2008 presidential campaign
    Biden campaigns at a house party in Creston, Iowa, July 2007

    After exploring the possibility of a run in several previous cycles, in January 2007, Biden declared his candidacy in the 2008 elections.[106][163][164] During his campaign, Biden focused on the Iraq War, his record as chairman of major Senate committees, and his foreign-policy experience. In mid-2007, Biden stressed his foreign policy expertise compared to Obama's.[165] Biden was noted for his one-liners during the campaign; in one debate he said of Republican candidate Rudy Giuliani: "There's only three things he mentions in a sentence: a noun, and a verb and 9/11."[166]

    Biden had difficulty raising funds, struggled to draw people to his rallies, and failed to gain traction against the high-profile candidacies of Obama and Senator Hillary Clinton.[167] He never rose above single digits in national polls of the Democratic candidates. In the first contest on January 3, 2008, Biden placed fifth in the Iowa caucuses, garnering slightly less than one percent of the state delegates.[168] He withdrew from the race that evening.[169]

    Despite its lack of success, Biden's 2008 campaign raised his stature in the political world.[170]: 336  In particular, it changed the relationship between Biden and Obama. Although they had served together on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, they had not been close: Biden resented Obama's quick rise to political stardom,[158][171] while Obama viewed Biden as garrulous and patronizing.[170]: 28, 337–338  Having gotten to know each other during 2007, Obama appreciated Biden's campaign style and appeal to working-class voters, and Biden said he became convinced Obama was "the real deal".[171][170]: 28, 337–338 

    2008 vice-presidential campaign

    Main articles: Barack Obama 2008 presidential campaign and 2008 Democratic Party vice presidential candidate selection
    Biden speaks at the August 23, 2008, vice presidential announcement at the Old State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois

    Shortly after Biden withdrew from the presidential race, Obama privately told him he was interested in finding an important place for Biden in his administration.[172] Biden declined Obama's first request to vet him for the vice-presidential slot, fearing the vice presidency would represent a loss in status and voice from his Senate position, but he later changed his mind.[158][173] In early August, Obama and Biden met in secret to discuss the possibility,[172] and developed a strong personal rapport.[171] On August 22, 2008, Obama announced that Biden would be his running mate.[174]The New York Times reported that the strategy behind the choice reflected a desire to fill out the ticket with someone with foreign policy and national security experience—and not to help the ticket win a swing state or to emphasize Obama's "change" message.[175] Others pointed out Biden's appeal to middle-class and blue-collar voters, as well as his willingness to aggressively challenge Republican nominee John McCain in a way that Obama seemed uncomfortable doing at times.[176][177] In accepting Obama's offer, Biden ruled out running for president again in 2016,[172] but his comments in later years seemed to back off that stance, as he did not want to diminish his political power by appearing uninterested in advancement.[178][179][180] Biden was officially nominated for vice president on August 27 by voice vote at the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver.[181]

    Biden's vice-presidential campaigning gained little media visibility, as far greater press attention was focused on the Republican running mate, Alaska Governor Sarah Palin.[182][183] During one week in September 2008, for instance, the Pew Research Center's Project for Excellence in Journalism found that Biden was included in only five percent of coverage of the race, far less than the other three candidates on the tickets received.[184] Biden nevertheless focused on campaigning in economically challenged areas of swing states and trying to win over blue-collar Democrats, especially those who had supported Hillary Clinton.[158][182] Biden attacked McCain heavily despite a long-standing personal friendship.[n 2] He said, "That guy I used to know, he's gone. It literally saddens me."[182] As the financial crisis of 2007–2010 reached a peak with the liquidity crisis of September 2008 and the proposed bailout of the United States financial system became a major factor in the campaign, Biden voted in favor of the 0 billion Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, which went on to pass in the Senate 74–25.[186]

    On October 2, 2008, Biden participated in the vice-presidential debate with Palin at Washington University in St. Louis. Post-debate polls found that while Palin exceeded many voters' expectations, Biden had won the debate overall.[187] During the campaign's final days, he focused on less populated, older, less well-off areas of battleground states, especially Florida, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, where polling indicated he was popular and where Obama had not campaigned or performed well in the Democratic primaries.[188][189][190] He also campaigned in some normally Republican states, as well as in areas with large Catholic populations.[190]

    Under instructions from the campaign, Biden kept his speeches succinct and tried to avoid offhand remarks, such as one he made about Obama's being tested by a foreign power soon after taking office, which had attracted negative attention.[188][189] Privately, Biden's remarks frustrated Obama. "How many times is Biden gonna say something stupid?" he asked.[170]: 411–414, 419  Obama campaign staffers referred to Biden blunders as "Joe bombs" and kept Biden uninformed about strategy discussions, which in turn irked Biden.[180] Relations between the two campaigns became strained for a month, until Biden apologized on a call to Obama and the two built a stronger partnership.[170]: 411–414  Publicly, Obama strategist David Axelrod said Biden's high popularity ratings had outweighed any unexpected comments.[191] Nationally, Biden had a 60% favorability rating in a Pew Research Center poll, compared to Palin's 44%.[188]

    On November 4, 2008, Obama and Biden were elected with 53% of the popular vote and 365 electoral votes to McCain–Palin's 173.[192][193][194]

    At the same time Biden was running for vice president he was also running for reelection to the Senate,[195] as permitted by Delaware law.[106] On November 4, he was reelected to the Senate, defeating Republican Christine O'Donnell.[196] Having won both races, Biden made a point of waiting to resign from the Senate until he was sworn in for his seventh term on January 6, 2009.[197] He became the youngest senator ever to start a seventh full term, and said, "In all my life, the greatest honor bestowed upon me has been serving the people of Delaware as their United States senator."[197] Biden cast his last Senate vote on January 15, supporting the release of the second 0 billion for the Troubled Asset Relief Program,[198] and resigned from the Senate later that day.[n 3] In an emotional farewell, Biden told the Senate: "Every good thing I have seen happen here, every bold step taken in the 36-plus years I have been here, came not from the application of pressure by interest groups, but through the maturation of personal relationships."[202] Delaware Governor Ruth Ann Minner appointed longtime Biden adviser Ted Kaufman to fill Biden's vacated Senate seat.[203]

    Vice presidency (2009–2017)

    See also: Presidency of Barack Obama
    Biden being sworn in as vice president on January 20, 2009

    First term, 2009–2013

    Biden said he intended to eliminate some explicit roles assumed by George W. Bush's vice president, Dick Cheney, and did not intend to emulate any previous vice presidency.[204] He chaired Obama's transition team[205] and headed an initiative to improve middle-class economic well-being.[206] In early January 2009, in his last act as chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, he visited the leaders of Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan,[207] and on January 20 he was sworn in as the 47th vice president of the United States[208]‍—‌the first vice president from Delaware[209] and the first Roman Catholic vice president.[210][211]

    Obama was soon comparing Biden to a basketball player "who does a bunch of things that don't show up in the stat sheet".[212] In May, Biden visited Kosovo and affirmed the U.S. position that its "independence is irreversible".[213] Biden lost an internal debate to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton about sending 21,000 new troops to Afghanistan,[214][215] but his skepticism was valued,[173] and in 2009, Biden's views gained more influence as Obama reconsidered his Afghanistan strategy.[216] Biden visited Iraq about every two months,[158] becoming the administration's point man in delivering messages to Iraqi leadership about expected progress there.[173] More generally, overseeing Iraq policy became Biden's responsibility: Obama was said to have said, "Joe, you do Iraq."[217] Biden said Iraq "could be one of the great achievements of this administration".[218] His January 2010 visit to Iraq in the midst of turmoil over banned candidates from the upcoming Iraqi parliamentary election resulted in 59 of the several hundred candidates being reinstated by the Iraqi government two days later.[219] By 2012, Biden had made eight trips there, but his oversight of U.S. policy in Iraq receded with the exit of U.S. troops in 2011.[220][221]

    President Obama congratulates Biden for his role in shaping the debt ceiling deal which led to the Budget Control Act of 2011.

    Biden oversaw infrastructure spending from the Obama stimulus package intended to help counteract the ongoing recession.[222] During this period, Biden was satisfied that no major instances of waste or corruption had occurred,[173] and when he completed that role in February 2011, he said the number of fraud incidents with stimulus monies had been less than one percent.[223]

    In late April 2009, Biden's off-message response to a question during the beginning of the swine flu outbreak, that he would advise family members against traveling on airplanes or subways, led to a swift retraction by the White House.[224] The remark revived Biden's reputation for gaffes.[225][216][226] Confronted with rising unemployment through July 2009, Biden acknowledged that the administration had "misread how bad the economy was" but maintained confidence the stimulus package would create many more jobs once the pace of expenditures picked up.[227] On March 23, 2010, a microphone picked up Biden telling the president that his signing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was "a big fucking deal" during live national news telecasts. Despite their different personalities, Obama and Biden formed a friendship, partly based around Obama's daughter Sasha and Biden's granddaughter Maisy, who attended Sidwell Friends School together.[180]

    Biden during a visit to Baghdad

    Members of the Obama administration said Biden's role in the White House was to be a contrarian and force others to defend their positions.[228]Rahm Emanuel, White House chief of staff, said that Biden helped counter groupthink.[212] White House press secretary Jay Carney, Biden's former communications director, said Biden played the role of "the bad guy in the Situation Room".[228] Another senior Obama advisor said Biden "is always prepared to be the skunk at the family picnic to make sure we are as intellectually honest as possible."[173] Obama said, "The best thing about Joe is that when we get everybody together, he really forces people to think and defend their positions, to look at things from every angle, and that is very valuable for me."[173] The Bidens maintained a relaxed atmosphere at their official residence in Washington, often entertaining their grandchildren, and regularly returned to their home in Delaware.[229]

    Biden campaigned heavily for Democrats in the 2010 midterm elections, maintaining an attitude of optimism in the face of predictions of large-scale losses for the party.[230] Following big Republican gains in the elections and the departure of White House chief of staff Rahm Emanuel, Biden's past relationships with Republicans in Congress became more important.[231][232] He led the successful administration effort to gain Senate approval for the New START treaty.[231][232] In December 2010, Biden's advocacy for a middle ground, followed by his negotiations with Senate minority leader Mitch McConnell, were instrumental in producing the administration's compromise tax package that included a temporary extension of the Bush tax cuts.[232][233] Biden then took the lead in trying to sell the agreement to a reluctant Democratic caucus in Congress.[232][234] The package passed as the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010.

    In March 2011, Obama delegated Biden to lead negotiations with Congress to resolve federal spending levels for the rest of the year and avoid a government shutdown.[235] By May 2011, a "Biden panel" with six congressional members was trying to reach a bipartisan deal on raising the U.S. debt ceiling as part of an overall deficit reduction plan.[236][237] The U.S. debt ceiling crisis developed over the next few months, but Biden's relationship with McConnell again proved key in breaking a deadlock and bringing about a deal to resolve it, in the form of the Budget Control Act of 2011, signed on August 2, 2011, the same day an unprecedented U.S. default had loomed.[238][239][240] Biden had spent the most time of anyone in the administration bargaining with Congress on the debt question,[239] and one Republican staffer said, "Biden's the only guy with real negotiating authority, and [McConnell] knows that his word is good. He was a key to the deal."[238]

    Biden, Obama and the national security team gathered in the White House Situation Room to monitor the progress of the May 2011 mission to kill Osama bin Laden

    Some reports suggest that Biden opposed proceeding with the May 2011 U.S. mission to kill Osama bin Laden,[220][241] lest failure adversely affect Obama's reelection prospects.[242][243] He took the lead in notifying Congressional leaders of the successful outcome.[244]

    Reelection

    Main article: Barack Obama 2012 presidential campaign

    In October 2010, Biden said Obama had asked him to remain as his running mate for the 2012 presidential election,[230] but with Obama's popularity on the decline, White House Chief of Staff William M. Daley conducted some secret polling and focus group research in late 2011 on the idea of replacing Biden on the ticket with Hillary Clinton.[245] The notion was dropped when the results showed no appreciable improvement for Obama,[245] and White House officials later said Obama had never entertained the idea.[246]

    Biden and Obama, July 2012

    Biden's May 2012 statement that he was "absolutely comfortable" with same-sex marriage gained considerable public attention in comparison to Obama's position, which had been described as "evolving".[247] Biden made his statement without administration consent, and Obama and his aides were quite irked, since Obama had planned to shift position several months later, in the build-up to the party convention, and since Biden had previously counseled the president to avoid the issue lest key Catholic voters be offended.[180][248][249][250] Gay rights advocates seized upon Biden's statement,[248] and within days, Obama announced that he too supported same-sex marriage, an action in part forced by Biden's remarks.[251] Biden apologized to Obama in private for having spoken out,[249][252] while Obama acknowledged publicly it had been done from the heart.[248] The incident showed that Biden still struggled at times with message discipline,[180] as Time wrote, "Everyone knows Biden's greatest strength is also his greatest weakness."[220] Relations were also strained between the vice presidential and presidential campaigns when Biden appeared to use his position to bolster fundraising contacts for a possible run for president in 2016, and he ended up being excluded from Obama campaign strategy meetings.[245]

    The Obama campaign nevertheless valued Biden as a retail-level politician who could connect with disaffected blue-collar workers and rural residents, and he had a heavy schedule of appearances in swing states as the reelection campaign began in earnest in spring 2012.[253][220] An August 2012 remark before a mixed-race audience that Republican proposals to relax Wall Street regulations would "put y'all back in chains" led to a similar analysis of Biden's face-to-face campaigning abilities versus his tendency to go off track.[253][254][255] The Los Angeles Times wrote, "Most candidates give the same stump speech over and over, putting reporters if not the audience to sleep. But during any Biden speech, there might be a dozen moments to make press handlers cringe, and prompt reporters to turn to each other with amusement and confusion."[254]Time magazine wrote that Biden often went too far and "Along with the familiar Washington mix of neediness and overconfidence, Biden's brain is wired for more than the usual amount of goofiness."[253]

    Biden was nominated for a second term as vice president at the 2012 Democratic National Convention in September.[256] Debating his Republican counterpart, Representative Paul Ryan, in the vice-presidential debate on October 11 he made a spirited and emotional defense of the Obama administration's record and energetically attacked the Republican ticket.[257][258] On November 6, Obama and Biden won reelection[259] over Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan with 332 of 538 Electoral College votes and 51% of the popular vote.[260]

    In December 2012, Obama named Biden to head the Gun Violence Task Force, created to address the causes of gun violence in the United States in the aftermath of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting.[261] Later that month, during the final days before the United States fell off the "fiscal cliff", Biden's relationship with McConnell again proved important as the two negotiated a deal that led to the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 being passed at the start of 2013.[262][263] It made many of the Bush tax cuts permanent but raised rates on upper income levels.[263]

    Second term, 2013–2017

    Official vice president portrait, 2013

    Biden was inaugurated to a second term on January 20, 2013, at a small ceremony at Number One Observatory Circle, his official residence, with Justice Sonia Sotomayor presiding (a public ceremony took place on January 21).[264]

    Biden played little part in discussions that led to the October 2013 passage of the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2014, which resolved the federal government shutdown of 2013 and the debt-ceiling crisis of 2013. This was because Senate majority leader Harry Reid and other Democratic leaders cut him out of any direct talks with Congress, feeling Biden had given too much away during previous negotiations.[265][266][267]

    Biden's Violence Against Women Act was reauthorized again in 2013. The act led to related developments, such as the White House Council on Women and Girls, begun in the first term, as well as the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault, begun in January 2014 with Biden and Valerie Jarrett as co-chairs.[268][269] Biden discussed federal guidelines on sexual assault on university campuses while giving a speech at the University of New Hampshire. He said, "No means no, if you're drunk or you're sober. No means no if you're in bed, in a dorm or on the street. No means no even if you said yes at first and you changed your mind. No means no."[270][271][272]

    Biden favored arming Syria's rebel fighters.[273] As Iraq fell apart during 2014, renewed attention was paid to the Biden-Gelb Iraqi federalization plan of 2006, with some observers suggesting Biden had been right all along.[274][275] Biden himself said the U.S. would follow ISIL "to the gates of hell".[276] Biden had close relationships with several Latin American leaders and was assigned a focus on the region during the administration; he visited the region 16 times during his vice presidency, the most of any president or vice president.[277]

    Biden with Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem, March 9, 2016

    In 2015, Speaker of the House John Boehner and Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell invited Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu to address a joint session of Congress without notifying the Obama administration. This defiance of protocol led Biden and more than 50 congressional Democrats to skip Netanyahu's speech.[278] In August 2016, Biden visited Serbia, where he met with Serbian president Aleksandar Vučić and expressed his condolences for civilian victims of the bombing campaign during the Kosovo War.[279] In Kosovo, he attended a ceremony renaming a highway after his son Beau, in honor of Beau's service to Kosovo in training its judges and prosecutors.[280][281][282]

    Biden never cast a tie-breaking vote in the Senate, making him the longest-serving vice president with this distinction.[283]

    Biden with Vice President-elect Mike Pence on November 10, 2016

    Role in the 2016 presidential campaign

    During his second term, Biden was often said to be preparing for a possible bid for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination.[284] With his family, many friends, and donors encouraging him in mid-2015 to enter the race, and with Hillary Clinton's favorability ratings in decline at that time, Biden was reported to again be seriously considering the prospect and a "Draft Biden 2016" PAC was established.[284][285][286]

    As of September 11, 2015[update], Biden was still uncertain about running. He felt his son's recent death had largely drained his emotional energy, and said, "nobody has a right ... to seek that office unless they're willing to give it 110% of who they are."[287] On October 21, speaking from a podium in the Rose Garden with his wife and Obama by his side, Biden announced his decision not to run for president in 2016.[288][289][290] In January 2016, Biden affirmed that it was the right decision, but admitted to regretting not running for president "every day".[291]

    After Obama endorsed Hillary Clinton on June 9, 2016, Biden endorsed her later that day.[292] Throughout the 2016 election, Biden strongly criticized Clinton's opponent, Donald Trump, in often colorful terms.[293][294]

    Subsequent activities (2017–2019)

    Biden with Barack Obama and Donald Trump, at the latter's inauguration on January 20, 2017

    After leaving the vice presidency, Biden became a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, while continuing to lead efforts to find treatments for cancer.[295] In 2017 he wrote a memoir, Promise Me, Dad, and went on a book tour.[296] Biden earned .6 million in 2017–2018.[297] In 2018, he gave a eulogy for Senator John McCain, praising McCain's embrace of American ideals and bipartisan friendships.[298]

    Biden remained in the public eye, endorsing candidates while continuing to comment on politics, climate change, and the presidency of Donald Trump.[299][300][301] He also continued to speak out in favor of LGBT rights, continuing advocacy on an issue he had become more closely associated with during his vice presidency.[302][303] In 2019, Biden criticized Brunei for its intention to implement Islamic laws that would allow death by stoning for adultery and homosexuality, calling it "appalling and immoral" and saying, "There is no excuse—not culture, not tradition—for this kind of hate and inhumanity."[304] By 2019, Biden and his wife reported that their assets had increased to between .2 million and million from speaking engagements and a contract to write a set of books.[305]

    2020 presidential campaign

    Main article: Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign
    See also: 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries and 2020 United States presidential election

    Speculation and announcement

    Biden at his presidential kickoff rally in Philadelphia, May 2019

    Between 2016 and 2019, media outlets often mentioned Biden as a likely candidate for president in 2020.[306] When asked if he would run, he gave varied and ambivalent answers, saying "never say never".[307] At one point he suggested he did not see a scenario where he would run again,[308][309] but a few days later, he said, "I'll run if I can walk."[310] A political action committee known as Time for Biden was formed in January 2018, seeking Biden's entry into the race.[311] He finally launched his campaign on April 25, 2019,[312] saying he was prompted to run, among other reasons, by his "sense of duty."[313]

    Campaign

    See also: Biden–Ukraine conspiracy theory

    In September 2019, it was reported that Trump had pressured Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky to investigate alleged wrongdoing by Biden and his son Hunter Biden.[314] Despite the allegations, no evidence was produced of any wrongdoing by the Bidens.[315][316][317] The media widely interpreted this pressure to investigate the Bidens as trying to hurt Biden's chances of winning the presidency, resulting in a political scandal[318][319] and Trump's impeachment by the House of Representatives.

    Beginning in 2019, Trump and his allies falsely accused Biden of getting the Ukrainian prosecutor general Viktor Shokin fired because he was supposedly pursuing an investigation into Burisma Holdings, which employed Hunter Biden. Biden was accused of withholding

  •  billion in aid from Ukraine in this effort. In 2015, Biden pressured the Ukrainian parliament to remove Shokin because the United States, the European Union and other international organizations considered Shokin corrupt and ineffective, and in particular because Shokin was not assertively investigating Burisma. The withholding of the
  •  billion in aid was part of this official policy.[320][321][322][323] The Senate Homeland Security Committee and Senate Finance Committee, led by Republicans, investigated allegations of wrongdoing by the Bidens in Ukraine, ultimately releasing a report in September 2020 that detailed no evidence of wrongdoing by Joe Biden, and concluded that it was "not clear" whether Hunter Biden's role in Burisma "affected U.S. policy toward Ukraine".[324][325]

    In March 2019 and April 2019, Biden was accused by eight women of previous instances of inappropriate physical contact, such as embracing, touching or kissing.[326] Biden had previously described himself as a "tactile politician" and admitted this behavior has caused trouble for him.[327] In April 2019, Biden pledged to be more "respectful of people's personal space".[328]

    Throughout 2019, Biden stayed generally ahead of other Democrats in national polls.[329][330] Despite this, he finished fourth in the Iowa caucuses, and eight days later, fifth in the New Hampshire primary.[331][332] He performed better in the Nevada caucuses, reaching the 15% required for delegates, but still was behind Bernie Sanders by 21.6 percentage points.[333] Making strong appeals to black voters on the campaign trail and in the South Carolina debate, Biden won the South Carolina primary by more than 28 points.[334] After the withdrawals and subsequent endorsements of candidates Pete Buttigieg and Amy Klobuchar, he made large gains in the March 3 Super Tuesday primary elections. Biden won 18 of the next 26 contests, including Alabama, Arkansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia, putting him in the lead overall.[335] Elizabeth Warren and Mike Bloomberg soon dropped out, and Biden expanded his lead with victories over Sanders in four states (Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, and Missouri) on March 10.[336]

    In late March 2020, Tara Reade, one of the eight women who previously accused Biden of inappropriate physical contact, made a new allegation against Biden, accusing him of a 1993 sexual assault.[337] There were inconsistences between Reade's 2019 and 2020 allegations.[338] Biden and his campaign vehemently denied the sexual assault allegation.[339][340]

    When Sanders suspended his campaign on April 8, 2020, Biden became the Democratic Party's presumptive nominee for president.[341] On April 13, Sanders endorsed Biden in a live-streamed discussion from their homes.[342] Former President Barack Obama endorsed Biden the next day.[343] In March 2020, Biden committed to choosing a woman as his running mate.[344] In June, Biden met the 1,991-delegate threshold needed to secure the party's presidential nomination.[345] On August 11, he announced U.S. Senator Kamala Harris of California as his running mate, making her the first African American and first South Asian American vice-presidential nominee on a major-party ticket.[346]

    On August 18, 2020, Biden was officially nominated at the 2020 Democratic National Convention as the Democratic Party nominee for president in the 2020 election.[347][348][349]

    Presidential transition

    Main article: Presidential transition of Joe Biden

    Biden was elected the 46th president of the United States in November 2020. He defeated the incumbent, Donald Trump, becoming the first candidate to defeat a sitting president since Bill Clinton defeated George H. W. Bush in 1992. Trump refused to concede, insisting the election had been "stolen" from him through "voter fraud", challenging the results in court and promoting numerous conspiracy theories about the voting and vote-counting processes, in an attempt to overturn the election results.[350] Biden's transition was delayed by several weeks as the White House ordered federal agencies not to cooperate.[351] On November 23, General Services Administrator Emily W. Murphy formally recognized Biden as the apparent winner of the 2020 election and authorized the start of a transition process to the Biden administration.[352]

    On January 6, 2021, during Congress's electoral vote count, Trump told supporters gathered in front of the White House to march to the Capitol, saying, "We will never give up. We will never concede. It doesn't happen. You don't concede when there's theft involved."[353] Soon after, they attacked the Capitol. During the insurrection at the Capitol, Biden addressed the nation, calling the events "an unprecedented assault unlike anything we've seen in modern times." He specifically called on Trump to "go on national television now to fulfill his oath and defend the Constitution and demand an end to this siege", adding, "it must end now."[354][355] After the Capitol was cleared, Congress resumed its joint session and officially certified the election results with Pence declaring Biden and Harris the winners.[356]

    In December 2020, Biden received his first dose of the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine at the Christiana Hospital in Delaware, publicly taking the vaccine on live television to build trust in the vaccine and to encourage Americans to get inoculated.[357][358] He returned for his second dose in January 2021.[359]

    Presidency (2021–present)

    Main article: Presidency of Joe Biden
    For a chronological guide to this subject, see Timeline of the Joe Biden presidency.
    See also: Cabinet of Joe Biden
    Biden takes the oath of office administered by Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. at the Capitol, January 20, 2021

    Inauguration

    Main article: Inauguration of Joe Biden

    Biden was inaugurated as the 46th president of the United States on January 20, 2021.[360][361][n 4] At 78, he is the oldest person to have assumed the office.[360] He is the second Catholic president (after John F. Kennedy)[366] and the first president whose home state is Delaware.[367] He is the second non-incumbent vice president (after Richard Nixon in 1968) to be elected president.[368] He is also the first president from the Silent Generation.[369]

    Biden's inauguration was "a muted affair unlike any previous inauguration" due to COVID-19 precautions as well as massively increased security measures because of a threat of widespread civil unrest. Biden took the oath of office on the Capitol's west steps and gave an inaugural address, but there were no spectators on the Mall and no in-person parades or inaugural balls. Trump did not attend, becoming the first outgoing president since 1869 to not attend his successor's inauguration.[370]

    First 100 days

    In his first two days as president, Biden signed 17 executive orders, more than most recent presidents did in their first 100 days. By his third day, orders had included rejoining the Paris Climate Agreement, ending the state of national emergency at the border with Mexico, directing the government to rejoin the World Health Organization, face mask requirements on federal property, measures to combat hunger in the United States,[371][372][373][374] and revoking permits for the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline.[375][376][377] In his first two weeks in office, Biden signed more executive orders than any other president since Franklin D. Roosevelt had in their first month in office.[378]

    On February 4, 2021, the Biden administration announced that the United States was ending its support for the Saudi-led bombing campaign in Yemen. In his first visit to the State Department as president, Biden said "this war has to end" and that the conflict had created a "humanitarian and strategic catastrophe."[379] On February 25, the Biden administration "struck a site in Syria used by two Iranian-backed militia groups in response to rocket attacks on American forces." This marked the first known action by the military under Biden.[380]

    Biden with his Cabinet, July 2021

    On March 11, the first anniversary of COVID-19 being declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization, Biden signed into law the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, a

  • .9 trillion economic stimulus relief package he proposed and lobbied for that aimed to speed up the United States' recovery from the economic and health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing recession.[381] The package included direct payments to most Americans, an extension of increased unemployment benefits, funds for vaccine distribution and school reopenings, support for small businesses and state and local governments, and expansions of health insurance subsidies and the child tax credit. Biden's initial proposal included an increase of the federal minimum wage to per hour, but after Senate parliamentarian Elizabeth MacDonough determined that including the increase in a budget reconciliation bill would violate Senate rules, Democrats declined to pursue overruling her and removed the increase from the package.[382][383][384]

    Also in March, amid a rise in migrants entering the U.S. from Mexico, Biden told migrants, "Don't come over." He said that the U.S. was arranging a plan for migrants to "apply for asylum in place", without leaving their original locations. In the meantime, migrant adults "are being sent back", Biden said, in reference to the continuation of the Trump administration's Title 42 policy for quick deportations.[385] Biden earlier announced that his administration would not deport unaccompanied migrant children; the rise in arrivals of such children exceeded the capacity of facilities meant to shelter them (before they were sent to sponsors), leading the Biden administration in March to direct the Federal Emergency Management Agency to help manage these children.[386]

    On April 14, Biden announced that the United States would delay the withdrawal of all troops from the war in Afghanistan until September 11, signalling an end to the country's direct military involvement in Afghanistan after nearly 20 years.[387] In February 2020, the Trump administration had made a deal with the Taliban to completely withdraw U.S. forces by May 1, 2021.[388] Biden's decision met with a wide range of reactions, from support and relief to trepidation at the possible collapse of the Afghan government without American support.[389] On April 22–23, Biden held an international climate summit at which he announced that the U.S. would cut its greenhouse gas emissions by 50%–52% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels. Other countries also increased their pledges. If the pledges made at the summit are met, they will cut global greenhouse gas emissions by 2.6–3.7 GtCO2e by 2030.[390][391] On April 28, the eve of his 100th day in office, Biden delivered his first address to a joint session of Congress, in which he highlighted the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines and addressed withdrawing troops from Afghanistan, the murder of George Floyd, and the U.S. Capitol attack while urging Congress to pass comprehensive immigration, gun, and health care reform.[392]

    According to some analysts, such as Alexander Nazaryan, Biden broke with both Obama and Trump. Nazaryan writes that Biden's approach "has been marked by an obvious rejection of the daily chaos of the Trump years but also, more subtly, by a no-less-decisive rejection of Obama's proceduralism. His aggressive approach to governing has put Republicans on the back foot, while delighting progressives who didn't think that the 78-year-old former Delaware senator had a wholly original act in the works."[393]

    Rest of 2021

    Biden meeting with Secretary General of NATO Jens Stoltenberg in the Oval Office, June 7, 2021
    Biden meeting with Israeli President Reuven Rivlin, June 28, 2021

    In May 2021, during a flareup in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Biden expressed his support for Israel, saying "my party still supports Israel" amid disagreement from some Democrats.[394] In June 2021, Biden took his first trip abroad as president. In eight days he visited Belgium, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. He attended a G7 summit, a NATO summit, and an EU summit, and held one-on-one talks with Russian president Vladimir Putin.[395]

    On June 17, Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act, which officially declared Juneteenth a federal holiday.[396] Juneteenth is the first new federal holiday since Martin Luther King Jr. Day was declared a holiday in 1986.[397] In July 2021, amid a slowing of the COVID-19 vaccination rate in the country and the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant, Biden said that the country has "a pandemic for those who haven't gotten the vaccination" and that it was therefore "gigantically important" for Americans to be vaccinated, touting the vaccines' effectiveness against hospitalizations and deaths from COVID-19.[398] He also criticized the prevalence of COVID-19 misinformation on social media, saying it was "killing people".[399] In September 2021, Biden announced AUKUS, a security pact between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, to ensure "peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific over the long term"; the deal included nuclear-powered submarines built for Australia's use.[400]

    Withdrawal from Afghanistan

    President Biden in a video conference with Vice President Harris and the U.S. National Security team, discussing the Fall of Kabul on August 15, 2021

    American forces began withdrawing from Afghanistan in 2021, under the provisions of a February 2020 US-Taliban agreement. By April 2021, the State Department was urging American civilians in Afghanistan to leave as soon as possible.[401][402] The Taliban began an offensive on May 1. As late as July, American intelligence assessments estimated Kabul would fall to the Taliban months or weeks after the withdrawal of American forces from Afghanistan.[403][404] By early July, most American troops in Afghanistan had withdrawn.[388] Biden addressed the withdrawal in July, saying, "The likelihood there's going to be the Taliban overrunning everything and owning the whole country is highly unlikely."[388]

    On August 15, the Afghan government collapsed under the Taliban offensive, and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani fled the country.[388][405] Biden reacted by ordering 6,000 American troops to assist in the evacuation of American personnel and Afghan allies.[406] He was widely criticized for the manner of the withdrawal, with allegations of poor planning for the evacuation of Americans and Afghan allies, and for his silence and absence during the days before the collapse of the Afghan government.[405][407][408]

    On August 16, Biden addressed the "messy" situation, taking responsibility for it, and admitting that the situation "unfolded more quickly than we had anticipated".[405][409] He defended his decision to withdraw, saying that Americans should not be "dying in a war that Afghan forces are not willing to fight for themselves.[409][410]

    On August 22, Biden said that his administration knew that ISIS-K was a "likely source" of threat.[411] On August 26, a suicide bombing at the Kabul airport killed 13 U.S. service members and 169 Afghans. Biden declared to the attackers that the United States "will hunt you down and make you pay".[412] On August 27, an American drone strike killed two ISIS-K targets, who were "planners and facilitators", according to a U.S. Army general.[413] On August 29, another American drone strike killed 10 civilians, including seven children; the Defense Department initially claimed the strike was conducted on an Islamic State suicide bomber threatening Kabul Airport, but admitted the mistake on September 17 and apologized.[414]

    The U.S. military left Afghanistan on August 30, with Biden saying that the evacuation effort was an "extraordinary success", by extracting over 120,000 Americans, Afghans and other allies.[415] He acknowledged that between "100 to 200" Americans who wanted to leave were left in Afghanistan, despite his August 18 pledge to stay in Afghanistan until all Americans who wanted to leave had left.[416] The Biden administration, joining governments of almost 100 countries, said that the Taliban had given "assurances" that anyone "with travel authorization from [these] countries" would continue to be allowed to leave Afghanistan.[417]

    Infrastructure and climate

    Further information: Infrastructure policy of the Joe Biden administration and Environmental policy of the Joe Biden administration
    Biden, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson and UN Secretary-General António Guterres at the opening ceremony of the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow on November 1, 2021

    As part of Biden's Build Back Better agenda, in late March 2021, he proposed the American Jobs Plan, a trillion package addressing issues including transport infrastructure, utilities infrastructure, broadband infrastructure, housing, schools, manufacturing, research and workforce development.[418][419] After months of negotiations among Biden and lawmakers, in August 2021 the Senate passed a

  • trillion bipartisan infrastructure bill called the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act,[420][421] while the House, also in a bipartisan manner, approved that bill in early November 2021, covering infrastructure related to transport, utilities, and broadband.[422] Biden signed the bill into law in mid-November 2021.[423]

    As COP26, scheduled for October 31 to November 12, 2021, approached, Biden increased his efforts to address climate change domestically and internationally. He promoted an agreement that the U.S. and the European Union cut methane emissions by a third by 2030 and tried to add dozens of other countries to the effort.[424] He tried to convince China[425] and Australia[426] to do more. He convened an online Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate Change to press other countries to strengthen their climate policy.[427][428] Biden pledged to double climate funding to developing countries by 2024.[429] Also at COP26, the U.S. and China reached a deal on greenhouse gas emission reduction. The two countries are responsible for 40% of global emissions.[430]

    Political positions

    Main article: Political positions of Joe Biden

    Biden is considered a moderate Democrat[431] and a centrist,[432][433] though more recently he has been seen as shifting to the left.[434][435][436] He has a lifetime liberal 72% score from the Americans for Democratic Action through 2004, while the American Conservative Union gave him a lifetime conservative rating of 13% through 2008.[437]

    Biden supported the fiscal stimulus in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009;[438][439] the Obama administration's proposed increase in infrastructure spending;[439] subsidies for mass transit, including Amtrak, bus, and subway;[440] and the reduced military spending in the Obama administration's fiscal year 2014 budget.[441][442] He has proposed partially reversing the corporate tax cuts of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, saying that doing so would not hurt businesses' ability to hire.[443][444] He voted for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)[445] and the Trans-Pacific Partnership.[446] Biden is a staunch supporter of the Affordable Care Act (ACA).[447][448] He has promoted a plan to expand and build upon it, paid for by revenue gained from reversing some Trump administration tax cuts.[447] Biden's plan aims to expand health insurance coverage to 97% of Americans, including by creating a public health insurance option.[449]

    Biden has supported same-sex marriage since 2012[450][451] and also supports Roe v. Wade and repealing the Hyde Amendment.[452][453] He opposes drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and supports governmental funding to find new energy sources.[454] As a senator, he forged deep relationships with police groups and was a chief proponent of a Police Officer's Bill of Rights measure that police unions supported but police chiefs opposed. As vice president, he served as a White House liaison to police.[455][456]

    Biden believes action must be taken on global warming. As a senator, he co-sponsored the Sense of the Senate resolution calling on the United States to take part in the United Nations climate negotiations and the Boxer–Sanders Global Warming Pollution Reduction Act, the most stringent climate bill in the United States Senate.[457] He wants to achieve a carbon-free power sector in the U.S. by 2035 and stop emissions completely by 2050.[458] His program includes reentering the Paris Agreement, nature conservation, and green building.[459] Biden wants to pressure China and other countries to cut greenhouse gas emissions by carbon tariffs if necessary.[460][461]

    President Barack Obama and Biden talk with Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping, February 14, 2012

    Biden has said the U.S. needs to "get tough" on China and build "a united front of U.S. allies and partners to confront China's abusive behaviors and human rights violations".[462] He has called China the "most serious competitor" that poses challenges to the United States' "prosperity, security, and democratic values".[463] Biden has voiced concerns about China's "coercive and unfair" economic practices and human rights abuses in the Xinjiang region to the Chinese Communist Party leader Xi Jinping.[464] He also pledged to sanction and commercially restrict Chinese government officials and entities who carry out repression.[465]

    Biden has said he is against regime change, but for providing non-military support to opposition movements.[466] He opposed direct U.S. intervention in Libya,[467][228] voted against U.S. participation in the Gulf War,[468] voted in favor of the Iraq War,[469] and supports a two-state solution in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.[470] Biden has pledged to end U.S. support for the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen and to reevaluate the United States' relationship with Saudi Arabia.[300] He has called North Korea a "paper tiger".[471] As vice president, Biden supported Obama's Cuban thaw.[472] He has said that, as president, he would restore U.S. membership in key United Nations bodies, such as the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the World Health Organization,[473] and possibly the Human Rights Council.[474] Biden supports extending the New START arms control treaty with Russia to limit the number of nuclear weapons deployed by both sides.[475][476] In 2021, Biden recognized the Armenian genocide, becoming the first U.S. president to do so.[477]

    Reputation

    Main article: Public image of Joe Biden

    Biden was consistently ranked one of the least wealthy members of the Senate,[478][479][480] which he attributed to his having been elected young.[481] Feeling that less-wealthy public officials may be tempted to accept contributions in exchange for political favors, he proposed campaign finance reform measures during his first term.[93] As of November 2009[update], Biden's net worth was ,012.[482] By November 2020[update], the Bidens were worth  million, largely due to sales of Biden's books and speaking fees after his vice presidency.[483][484][485][486]

    The political writer Howard Fineman has written, "Biden is not an academic, he's not a theoretical thinker, he's a great street pol. He comes from a long line of working people in Scranton—auto salesmen, car dealers, people who know how to make a sale. He has that great Irish gift."[40] Political columnist David S. Broder wrote that Biden has grown over time: "He responds to real people—that's been consistent throughout. And his ability to understand himself and deal with other politicians has gotten much much better."[40] Journalist James Traub has written that "Biden is the kind of fundamentally happy person who can be as generous toward others as he is to himself."[158]

    In recent years, especially after the 2015 death of his elder son Beau, Biden has been noted for his empathetic nature and ability to communicate about grief.[487][488] In 2020, CNN wrote that his presidential campaign aimed to make him "healer-in-chief", while The New York Times described his extensive history of being called upon to give eulogies.[489]

    Journalist and TV anchor Wolf Blitzer has described Biden as loquacious.[490] He often deviates from prepared remarks[491] and sometimes "puts his foot in his mouth."[492][182][493][494]The New York Times wrote that Biden's "weak filters make him capable of blurting out pretty much anything."[182] In 2018, Biden called himself "a gaffe machine".[495] Some of his gaffes have been characterized as racially insensitive.[496][497][498][499]

    President Obama presents Biden with the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Distinction, January 12, 2017

    Distinctions

    Main article: List of honors and awards received by Joe Biden
    See also: List of things named after Joe Biden

    Electoral history

    Main article: Electoral history of Joe Biden
    Election results
    Year Office Party Votes for Biden % Opponent Party Votes %
    1970 County councilor Green tickY Democratic 10,573 55% Lawrence T. Messick Republican 8,192 43%
    1972 U.S. senator Green tickY Democratic 116,006 50% J. Caleb Boggs Republican 112,844 49%
    1978 Green tickY Democratic 93,930 58% James H. Baxter Jr. Republican 66,479 41%
    1984 Green tickY Democratic 147,831 60% John M. Burris Republican 98,101 40%
    1990 Green tickY Democratic 112,918 63% M. Jane Brady Republican 64,554 36%
    1996 Green tickY Democratic 165,465 60% Raymond J. Clatworthy Republican 105,088 38%
    2002 Green tickY Democratic 135,253 58% Raymond J. Clatworthy Republican 94,793 41%
    2008 Green tickY Democratic 257,484 65% Christine O'Donnell Republican 140,584 35%
    2008 Vice president Green tickY Democratic 69,498,516
    365 electoral votes (270 needed)
    53% Sarah Palin Republican 59,948,323
    173 electoral votes
    46%
    2012 Green tickY Democratic 65,915,795
    332 electoral votes (270 needed)
    51% Paul Ryan Republican 60,933,504
    206 electoral votes
    47%
    2020 President Green tickY Democratic 81,268,924
    306 electoral votes (270 needed)
    51% Donald Trump Republican 74,216,154
    232 electoral votes
    47%

    Publications

    Books

    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr.; Helms, Jesse (April 1, 2000). Hague Convention on International Child Abduction: Applicable Law and Institutional Framework Within Certain Convention Countries Report to the Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7567-2250-0.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (July 8, 2001). Putin Administration's Policies toward Non-Russian Regions of the Russian Federation: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-2624-9.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (July 24, 2001). Administration's Missile Defense Program and the ABM Treaty: Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-1959-3. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 5, 2016.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (September 5, 2001). Threat of Bioterrorism and the Spread of Infectious Diseases: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-2625-6.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (February 12, 2002). Examining The Theft Of American Intellectual Property At Home And Abroad: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-4177-8.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (February 14, 2002). Halting the Spread of HIV/AIDS: Future Efforts in the U.S. Bilateral & Multilateral Response: Hearings before the Comm. on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7567-3454-1.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (February 27, 2002). How Do We Promote Democratization, Poverty Alleviation, and Human Rights to Build a More Secure Future: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-2478-8.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (August 1, 2002). Hearings to Examine Threats, Responses, and Regional Considerations Surrounding Iraq: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-2823-6.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (January 1, 2003). International Campaign Against Terrorism: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7567-3041-3.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (January 1, 2003). Political Future of Afghanistan: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7567-3039-0.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (September 1, 2003). Strategies for Homeland Defense: A Compilation by the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7567-2623-2.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (July 31, 2007). Promises to Keep. Random House. ISBN 978-1-4000-6536-3. Also paperback edition, Random House 2008, ISBN 978-0-8129-7621-2.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (November 14, 2017). Promise Me, Dad: A Year of Hope, Hardship, and Purpose. Flatiron Books. ISBN 978-1-250-17167-2.

    Book contributions

    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (2005). "Foreword". In Nicholson, William C. (ed.). Homeland Security Law and Policy. C. C Thomas. ISBN 978-0-398-07583-5.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (2009). "Foreword." In: Choosing Equality: Essays and Narratives on the Desegregation Experience. Edited by Robert L. Hayman, Jr. and Leland Ware. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-271-03433-1.

    Pamphlets

    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr., and Les Aspin, William Louis Dickinson, Brent Scowcroft (1982). Arms Sales: A Useful Foreign Policy Tool? American Enterprise Institute. AEI Forum 56. Moderated by John Charles Daly.

    Articles

    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr., and Miga Purev-Ochir (Spring 2015). "U.S.-Russian Relations in a Post-Cold War World: A Strategic Vision: Mapping a Future for U.S.-Russian Relations." Harvard International Review, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 72–76. JSTOR 43649299.

    Notes

    1. ^ Biden held the chairmanship from January 3 to 20, then was succeeded by Jesse Helms until June 6, and thereafter held the position until 2003.
    2. ^ Biden admired McCain politically as well as personally. In May 2004, he had urged McCain to run as vice president with presumptive Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry, saying the cross-party ticket would help heal the "vicious rift" in U.S. politics.[185]
    3. ^ Delaware's Democratic governor, Ruth Ann Minner, announced on November 24, 2008, that she would appoint Biden's longtime senior adviser Ted Kaufman to succeed Biden in the Senate.[199] Kaufman said he would serve only two years, until Delaware's special Senate election in 2010.[199] Biden's son Beau ruled himself out of the 2008 selection process due to his impending tour in Iraq with the Delaware Army National Guard.[200] He was a possible candidate for the 2010 special election, but in early 2010 said he would not run for the seat.[201]
    4. ^ Like previous potential transition teams, such as that of unsuccessful candidate Mitt Romney in 2012, the Biden transition team remained eligible for government funding in accordance with the Pre-Election Presidential Transition Act of 2010,[362][363] and Biden had been eligible to receive classified intelligence briefings since his nomination in August.[364] At least some government agencies had reportedly started their transition plans as early as November 9, 2020, with airspace being restricted over his home, and "the Secret Service ... using agents from its presidential protective detail for the president-elect and his family."[365]

    References

    1. ^ a b United States Congress. "Joseph R. Biden (id: b000444)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
    2. ^ Witcover (2010), p. 5.
    3. ^ Chase, Randall (January 9, 2010). "Vice President Biden's mother, Jean, dies at 92". WITN-TV. Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 20, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    4. ^ Smolenyak, Megan (September 3, 2002). "Joseph Biden Sr., 86, father of the senator". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
    5. ^ Witcover (2010), p. 9.
    6. ^ Smolenyak, Megan (July 2, 2012). "Joe Biden's Irish Roots". HuffPost. Archived from the original on April 28, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
    7. ^ "Number two Biden has a history over Irish debate". The Belfast Telegraph. November 9, 2008. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
    8. ^ a b Witcover (2010), p. 8.
    9. ^ Smolenyak, Megan (April–May 2013). "Joey From Scranton—VP Biden's Irish Roots". Irish America. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
    10. ^ Russell, Katie (January 8, 2021). "Joe Biden's family tree: how tragedy shaped the US president-elect". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
    11. ^ a b Biden, Joe (2008). Promises to Keep: On Life and Politics. Random House. pp. 16–17. ISBN 978-0-8129-7621-2.
    12. ^ Witcover (2010), pp. 7-8.
    13. ^ a b c d e f Broder, John M. (October 23, 2008). "Father's Tough Life an Inspiration for Biden". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2008.
    14. ^ a b Rubinkam, Michael (August 27, 2008). "Biden's Scranton childhood left lasting impression". Fox News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
    15. ^ Farzan, Antonia Noori (May 21, 2019). "Joe Biden, who left Scranton at 10, 'deserted' Pennsylvania". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 7, 2021.
    16. ^ Ebert, Jennifer (January 20, 2021). "Joe Biden's houses". Homes and Gardens. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
    17. ^ Newman, Meredith (June 24, 2019). "How Joe Biden went from 'Stutterhead' to senior class president". News Journal. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
    18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Almanac of American Politics 2008, p. 364.
    19. ^ Witcover (2010), pp. 27, 32.
    20. ^ Frank, Martin (September 28, 2008). "Biden was the stuttering kid who wanted the ball". The News Journal. p. D.1. Archived from the original on June 1, 2013.
    21. ^ a b Witcover (2010), pp. 40-41.
    22. ^ a b Taylor (1990), p. 99.
    23. ^ Biden, Promises to Keep, pp. 27, 32–33.
    24. ^ Montanaro, Domenico. "Fact Check: Biden's Too Tall Football Tale". firstread.nbcnews.com. NBC News. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012.
    25. ^ a b c d Dionne, E. J., Jr. (September 18, 1987). "Biden Admits Plagiarism in School But Says It Was Not 'Malevolent'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 20, 2011. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    26. ^ a b c d e "A timeline of U.S. Sen. Joe Biden's life and career". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. August 23, 2008. Archived from the original on September 25, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
    27. ^ Taylor (1990), p. 98.
    28. ^ Biden, Jr., Joseph R. (July 9, 2009). "Letter to National Stuttering Association chairman" (PDF). National Stuttering Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 28, 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2010.
    29. ^ Hook, Janet (September 16, 2019). "Joe Biden's childhood struggle with a stutter: How he overcame it and how it shaped him". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 16, 2019. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
    30. ^ Hendrickson, John (January–February 2020). "What Joe Biden Can't Bring Himself to Say". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on November 21, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
    31. ^ Bailey, Isaac J. (March 11, 2020). "Is Biden's Stutter Being Mistaken for "Cognitive Decline"?". Nieman Reports. Cambridge, MA: Nieman Foundation for Journalism. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    32. ^ Carlisle, Madeleine (December 20, 2019). "Sarah Huckabee Sanders Apologizes To Joe Biden After Mocking Debate Response on Stuttering". Time. New York, NY. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    33. ^ Biden, Promises to Keep, pp. 32, 36–37.
    34. ^ Witcover (2010), pp. 50, 75.
    35. ^ Caldera, Camille (September 16, 2020). "Fact check: Biden, like Trump, received multiple draft deferments from Vietnam". USA Today. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
    36. ^ a b c d e f g Leubsdorf, Carl P. (September 6, 1987). "Biden Keeps Sights Set On White House". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021. Reprinted in "Lifelong ambition led Joe Biden to Senate, White House aspirations". The Dallas Morning News. August 23, 2008. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008.
    37. ^ Barrett, Laurence I. (June 22, 1987). "Campaign Portrait, Joe Biden: Orator for the Next Generation". Time. Archived from the original on November 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    38. ^ a b c d e f g Current Biography Yearbook 1987, p. 43.
    39. ^ Witcover (2010), p. 86.
    40. ^ a b c d Palmer, Nancy Doyle (February 1, 2009). "Joe Biden: 'Everyone Calls Me Joe'". Washingtonian. Archived from the original on July 31, 2016. Retrieved February 4, 2009.
    41. ^ Witcover (2010), p. 59.
    42. ^ Harriman, Jane (December 31, 1969). "Joe Biden: Hope for Democratic Party in '72?". Newspapers.com. The News Journal. p. 3. Archived from the original on August 2, 2020. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
    43. ^ Delaware Republican State Headquarters (1970). "Republican Information Center: 1970 List of Candidates" (PDF). University of Delaware Library Institutional Repository. Newark, DE: University of Delaware. p. 11. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
    44. ^ "County Ponders Housing Code". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. October 1, 1969. p. 2. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    45. ^ Lockman, Norm (December 20, 1969). "New Housing Code Favored for County". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. p. 2. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    46. ^ "County Council to Take Oath". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. January 2, 1971. p. 4. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    47. ^ "Conner Calls Shake of 7 Lucky Omen for Council". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. January 6, 1971. p. 3. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    48. ^ "Maloney Seeks New Businesses". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. January 2, 1973. p. 4. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    49. ^ "Swift Seeks 4th District County Seat". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. March 30, 1972. p. 41. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    50. ^ Frump, Bob (November 8, 1972). "GOP Decade Ends with Slawik Win". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. p. 3. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    51. ^ Zintl, Terry (March 14, 1973). "Shop Center Hackles Rise In Hockessin". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. p. 64. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    52. ^ Witcover (2010), p. 62.
    53. ^ a b c Naylor, Brian (October 8, 2007). "Biden's Road to Senate Took Tragic Turn". National Public Radio. Archived from the original on September 11, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
    54. ^ "President Joe Biden: 25 Things You Don't Know About Me!". Us Weekly. A360 Media LLC. January 20, 2021. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    55. ^ "Biden's Wife, Child Killed in Car Crash". The New York Times. December 19, 1972. p. 9. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 2, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
    56. ^ a b c Witcover (2010), pp. 93, 98.
    57. ^ Levey, Noam M. (August 24, 2008). "In his home state, Biden is a regular Joe". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
    58. ^ Kipp, Rachel (September 4, 2008). "No DUI in crash that killed Biden's 1st wife, but he's implied otherwise". The News Journal. p. A.1. Archived from the original on June 1, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    59. ^ "A Senator's Past: The Biden Car Crash". Inside Edition. August 27, 2008. Archived from the original on June 1, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
    60. ^ Orr, Bob (March 24, 2009). "Driver In Biden Crash Wanted Name Cleared". CBS News. Archived from the original on March 14, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
    61. ^ Hamilton, Carl (October 30, 2008). "Daughter of man in '72 Biden crash seeks apology from widowed Senator". Newark Post. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
    62. ^ Kruse, Michael (January 25, 2019). "How Grief Became Joe Biden's 'Superpower'". Politico. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
    63. ^ Biden, Promises to Keep, p. 81
    64. ^ Bumiller, Elisabeth (December 14, 2007). "Biden Campaigning With Ease After Hardships". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
    65. ^ "On Becoming Joe Biden". Morning Edition. NPR. August 1, 2007. Archived from the original on September 9, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
    66. ^ Biden, Promises to Keep, p. 113.
    67. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (August 24, 2008). "Jill Biden Heads Toward Life in the Spotlight". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    68. ^ Dart, Bob (October 24, 2008). "Bidens met, forged life together after tragedy". Orlando Sentinel. Cox News Service. Archived from the original on October 20, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    69. ^ Biden, Promises to Keep, p. 117.
    70. ^ Sarkadi, Zsolt (November 8, 2020). "Biden és felesége 1977-ben a Balatonnál voltak nászúton". 444.hu (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
    71. ^ Adler, Katya (November 8, 2020). "US election: What does Joe Biden's win mean for Brexit Britain and Europe?". BBC News. Archived from the original on November 10, 2020. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
    72. ^ Gibson, Ginger (August 25, 2008). "Parishioners not surprised to see Biden at usual Mass". The News Journal. p. A.12. Archived from the original on June 1, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    73. ^ "Ashley Biden and Howard Krein". The New York Times. June 3, 2012. p. ST15. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    74. ^ Cooper, Christopher (August 20, 2008). "Biden's Foreign Policy Background Carries Growing Cachet". The Wall Street Journal. p. A4. Archived from the original on August 13, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    75. ^ Helsel, Phil (May 31, 2015). "Beau Biden, Son of Vice President Joe Biden, Dies After Battle With Brain Cancer". NBC News. Archived from the original on January 22, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
    76. ^ Kane, Paul (May 31, 2015). "Family losses frame Vice President Biden's career". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
    77. ^ Evans, Heidi (December 28, 2008). "From a blind date to second lady, Jill Biden's coming into her own". New York Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on January 4, 2009. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
    78. ^ Evon, Dan (October 16, 2020). "Did Biden Teach Constitutional Law for 21 Years?". Snopes. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
    79. ^ Fauzia, Miriam (October 28, 2020). "Fact check: If he loses election, Biden said he wants to teach, but where is uncertain". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    80. ^ "Faculty: Joseph R. Biden, Jr". Widener University School of Law. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
    81. ^ "Senator Biden becomes Vice President-elect". Widener University School of Law. November 6, 2008. Archived from the original on January 5, 2009. Retrieved November 26, 2008.
    82. ^ Purchla, Matt (August 26, 2008). "For Widener Law students, a teacher aims high". Metro Philadelphia. Archived from the original on October 4, 2008. Retrieved September 25, 2008.
    83. ^ Carey, Kathleen E. (August 27, 2008). "Widener students proud of Biden". Delaware County Daily and Sunday Times. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved September 25, 2008.
    84. ^ a b "Oath Solemn". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. January 6, 1973. p. 11. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    85. ^ Public DomainOne or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: "Youngest Senator". United States Senate. Archived from the original on December 26, 2002. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    86. ^ Public DomainOne or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
    87. ^ Pride, Mike (December 1, 2007). "Biden a smart guy who has lived his family values". Concord Monitor. Archived from the original on December 3, 2007. Retrieved October 4, 2008.
    88. ^ "200 Faces for the Future". Time. July 15, 1974. Archived from the original on August 13, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    89. ^ Kelley, Kitty (June 1, 1974). "Death and the All-American Boy". Washingtonian. Archived from the original on November 10, 2020. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
    90. ^ a b c d e f g h Gordon, Michael R. (August 24, 2008). "In Biden, Obama chooses a foreign policy adherent of diplomacy before force". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 27, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
    91. ^ Current Biography Yearbook 1987, p. 45.
    92. ^ Salacuse, Jeswald W. (2005). Leading Leaders: How to Manage Smart, Talented, Rich and Powerful People. American Management Association. ISBN 978-0-8144-0855-1. p. 144.
    93. ^ a b c Current Biography Yearbook 1987, p. 44.
    94. ^ Fifield, Anna (January 4, 2013). "Biden faces key role in second term". Financial Times. Archived from the original on July 20, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    95. ^ Scherer, Michael (January 16, 2013). "America's New Gunfight: Inside the Campaign to Avert Mass Shootings". Time. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021. Cover story.
    96. ^ Finley, Bruce (September 19, 2014). "Biden: Men who don't stop violence against women are "cowards"". The Denver Post. Archived from the original on October 13, 2015. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    97. ^ "Domestic Violence". Biden senate website. Archived from the original on August 22, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
    98. ^ Herndon, Astead W. (January 21, 2019). "On King Holiday, Democrats Convey Hope, Remorse and Invective Against Trump". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on November 10, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
    99. ^ Martin, Jonathan; Burns, Alexander (January 6, 2019). "Biden in 2020? Allies Say He Sees Himself as Democrats' Best Hope". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 10, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    100. ^ Schor, Elana; Kinnard, Meg (January 21, 2019). "Biden says he regrets 1990s crime bill, calls it a 'big mistake' at MLK Day event". Delaware Online. Associated Press. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
    101. ^ "10 U.S.C. 654 - Policy concerning homosexuality in the armed forces". govinfo.gov. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
    102. ^ Epstein, Reid J.; Lerer, Lisa (September 20, 2019). "Joe Biden Has Tense Exchange Over L.G.B.T.Q. Record". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 16, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
    103. ^ Del Real, Jose A. (March 8, 2020). "Sanders attacks Biden's record on gay rights and women's issues". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 8, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
    104. ^ "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 104th Congress—2nd Session". senate.gov. Archived from the original on May 7, 2005. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
    105. ^ de Vogue, Ariane; Diamond, Jeremy (June 27, 2015). "Supreme Court rules states must allow same-sex marriage". CNN. Archived from the original on June 27, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
    106. ^ a b c d Almanac of American Politics 2008, p. 366.
    107. ^ "Obama introduces Biden as running mate". CNN. August 23, 2008. Archived from the original on January 9, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
    108. ^ "Longest Serving Senators". United States Senate. United States Senate. Archived from the original on September 19, 2018. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
    109. ^ Gadsden, Brett (May 5, 2019). "Here's How Deep Biden's Busing Problem Runs". Politico. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
    110. ^ Gadsen 2012, p. 214.
    111. ^ a b Sokol, Jason (August 4, 2015). "How a Young Joe Biden Turned Liberals Against Integration". Politico. Archived from the original on November 10, 2020. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
    112. ^ Gadsen 2012, pp. 220–221.
    113. ^ Raffel, Jeffrey A. (1998). Historical Dictionary of School Segregation and Desegregation: The American Experience. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-313-29502-7. Archived from the original on September 30, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    114. ^ Altman, Lawrence K. (February 23, 1998). "The Doctor's World; Subtle Clues Are Often The Only Warnings Of Perilous Aneurysms". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 28, 2020. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    115. ^ a b c Altman, Lawrence K. (October 19, 2008). "Many Holes in Disclosure of Nominees' Health". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 25, 2010. Retrieved October 26, 2008.
    116. ^ "Biden Resting After Surgery For Second Brain Aneurysm". The New York Times. Associated Press. May 4, 1988. Archived from the original on January 5, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    117. ^ Woodward, Calvin (August 23, 2008). "V.P. candidate profile: Sen. Joe Biden". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
    118. ^ Dionne Jr., E. J. (June 10, 1987). "Biden Joins Campaign for the Presidency". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 5, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    119. ^ a b Toner, Robin (August 31, 1987). "Biden, Once the Field's Hot Democrat, Is Being Overtaken by Cooler Rivals". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    120. ^ a b Taylor (1990), p. 83.
    121. ^ Taylor (1990), pp. 108-109.
    122. ^ Dowd, Maureen (September 12, 1987). "Biden's Debate Finale: An Echo From Abroad". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    123. ^ Randolph, Eleanor (September 13, 1987). "Plagiarism Suggestion Angers Biden's Aides". The Washington Post. p. A6. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    124. ^ a b Risen, James; Shogan, Robert (September 16, 1987). "Differing Versions Cited on Source of Passages: Biden Facing New Flap Over Speeches". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    125. ^ Germond, Jack; Witcover, Jules (1989). Whose Broad Stripes and Bright Stars? The Trivial Pursuit of the Presidency 1988. Warner Books. ISBN 978-0-446-51424-8.
    126. ^ Dowd, Maureen (September 16, 1987). "Biden Is Facing Growing Debate On His Speeches". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    127. ^ May, Lee (September 18, 1987). "Biden Admits Plagiarism in Writing Law School Brief". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    128. ^ "Professional Board Clears Biden In Two Allegations of Plagiarism". The New York Times. Associated Press. May 29, 1989. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    129. ^ Dionne, Jr., E. J. (September 22, 1987). "Biden Admits Errors and Criticizes Latest Report". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    130. ^ "1988 Road to the White House with Sen. Biden". C-SPAN via YouTube. August 23, 2008. Archived from the original on November 14, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
    131. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt (June 3, 2019). "Biden's First Run for President Was a Calamity. Some Missteps Still Resonate". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 3, 2019. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
    132. ^ Pomper, Gerald M. (1989). "The Presidential Nominations". The Election of 1988. Chatham House Publishers. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-934540-77-3. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
    133. ^ Dionne Jr., E. J. (September 24, 1987). "Biden Withdraws Bid for President in Wake of Furor". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 21, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    134. ^ Smith, David (September 7, 2020). "Neil Kinnock on Biden's plagiarism 'scandal' and why he deserves to win: 'Joe's an honest guy'". The Guardian. Retrieved February 24, 2021.
    135. ^ a b Bronner, Battle for Justice, pp. 138–139, 214, 305.
    136. ^ a b c Greenhouse, Linda (October 8, 1987). "Washington Talk: The Bork Hearings; For Biden: Epoch of Belief, Epoch of Incredulity". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    137. ^ "Senate's Roll-Call On the Bork Vote". The New York Times. Associated Press. October 24, 1987. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    138. ^ a b Mayer; Abramson, Strange Justice, p. 213, 218, 336.
    139. ^ Greenburg, Jan Crawford (September 30, 2007). "Clarence Thomas: A Silent Justice Speaks Out: Part VI: Becoming a Judge—and perhaps a Justice". ABC News. Archived from the original on June 22, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
    140. ^ "Nina Totenberg, NPR Biography". NPR. Archived from the original on April 14, 2008. Retrieved May 31, 2008.
    141. ^ "Excerpt from Nina Totenberg's breaking National Public Radio report on Anita Hill's accusation of sexual harassment by Clarence Thomas". NPR. Jewish Women's Archive. October 6, 1991. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved October 5, 2008.
    142. ^ a b c Phillips, Kate (August 23, 2008). "Biden and Anita Hill, Revisited". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 11, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
    143. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay; Martin, Jonathan (April 25, 2019). "Joe Biden Expresses Regret to Anita Hill, but She Says 'I'm Sorry' Is Not Enough". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 25, 2019. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
    144. ^ Almanac of American Politics 2000, p. 372.
    145. ^ "How the senators voted on impeachment". CNN. February 12, 1999. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    146. ^ Pilkington, Ed (December 2, 2019). "How Biden Helped Create the Student Debt Problem He Now Promises to Fix". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 6, 2020. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
    147. ^ Verma, Pranshu (October 24, 2020). "Biden, an Amtrak Evangelist, Could Be a Lifeline for a Rail Agency in Crisis". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on November 19, 2020. Retrieved November 19, 2020.
    148. ^ a b c d Almanac of American Politics 2008, p. 365.
    149. ^ a b c d e f g h i Richter, Paul; Levey, Noam N. (August 24, 2008). "Joe Biden respected—if not always popular—for foreign policy record". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
    150. ^ Kessler, Glenn (September 23, 2008). "Meetings with Foreign Leaders? Biden's Been There, Done That". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
    151. ^ Clymer, Adam (January 13, 1991). "Congress Acts to Authorize War in Gulf". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    152. ^ a b c d e Kessler, Glenn (October 7, 2008). "Biden Played Less Than Key Role in Bosnia Legislation". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 26, 2009. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
    153. ^ Borger, Julian (June 10, 2021). "Why Joe Biden is so invested in defending Good Friday agreement". The Guardian. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
    154. ^ a b Holmes, Elizabeth (August 25, 2008). "Biden, McCain Have a Friendship—and More—in Common". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
    155. ^ Crowley, Michael (September 24, 2009). "Hawk Down". The New Republic. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2021. Even before Obama announced his run for president, Biden was warning that Afghanistan, not Iraq, was the 'central front' in the war against Al Qaeda, requiring a major U.S. commitment. 'Whatever it takes, we should do it,' Biden said in February 2002.
    156. ^ Russert, Tim (April 29, 2007). "MTP Transcript for April 29, 2007". Meet the Press. NBC News. p. 2. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    157. ^ Weisbrot, Mark (February 18, 2020). "Joe Biden championed the Iraq war. Will that come back to haunt him now?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 9, 2021. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
    158. ^ a b c d e f g Traub, James (November 24, 2009). "After Cheney". The New York Times Magazine. p. MM34. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    159. ^ Shanker, Thom (August 19, 2007). "Divided They Stand, but on Graves". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    160. ^ a b c Parker, Ned; Salman, Raheem (October 1, 2007). "U.S. vote unites Iraqis in anger". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    161. ^ Witcover (2010), pp. 572–573.
    162. ^ Henry, Ed (May 16, 2008). "Dems fire back at Bush on 'appeasement' statement". CNN. Archived from the original on September 20, 2008. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
    163. ^ "Sen. Biden not running for president". CNN. August 12, 2003. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
    164. ^ Balz, Dan (February 1, 2007). "Biden Stumbles at the Starting Gate". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 18, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    165. ^ "Transcript: The Democratic Debate". ABC News. August 19, 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
    166. ^ Farrell, Joelle (November 1, 2007). "A noun, a verb and 9/11". Concord Monitor. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    167. ^ "Conventions 2008: Sen. Joseph Biden (D)". National Journal. August 25, 2008. Archived from the original on September 6, 2008. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
    168. ^ "Iowa Democratic Party Caucus Results". Iowa Democratic Party. Archived from the original on December 29, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
    169. ^ Murray, Shailagh (January 4, 2008). "Biden, Dodd Withdraw From Race". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 20, 2008. Retrieved August 29, 2008.
    170. ^ a b c d e Heilemann, John; Halperin, Mark (2010). Game Change: Obama and the Clintons, McCain and Palin, and the Race of a Lifetime. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-173363-5.
    171. ^ a b c Wolffe, Renegade, p. 218.
    172. ^ a b c Lizza, Ryan (October 20, 2008). "Biden's Brief". The New Yorker. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
    173. ^ a b c d e f Cummings, Jeanne (September 16, 2009). "Joe Biden, 'the skunk at the family picnic'". The Politico. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
    174. ^ Vargas, Jose Antonio (August 23, 2008). "Obama's veep message to supporters". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    175. ^ Nagourney, Adam; Zeleny, Jeff (August 23, 2008). "Obama Chooses Biden as Running Mate". The New York Times. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    176. ^ Dionne, Jr., E.J. (August 25, 2008). "Tramps Like Us: How Joe Biden will reassure working class voters and change the tenor of this week's convention". The New Republic. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    177. ^ Wolffe, Renegade, p. 217.
    178. ^ Travers, Karen (June 15, 2009). "VP Biden Keeping the Door Open for 2016?". Political Punch. ABC News. Archived from the original on October 17, 2010. Retrieved October 14, 2010.
    179. ^ "Biden in 2016?". CNN. October 21, 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
    180. ^ a b c d e Leibovich, Mark (May 7, 2012). "For a Blunt Biden, an Uneasy Supporting Role". The New York Times. p. 1. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    181. ^ Brown, Jennifer (August 27, 2008). "Biden accepts VP nomination". The Denver Post. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
    182. ^ a b c d e Leibovich, Mark (September 19, 2008). "Meanwhile, the Other No. 2 Keeps On Punching". The New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2008.
    183. ^ Tapper, Jake (September 14, 2008). "Joe Who?". ABC News. Archived from the original on September 15, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
    184. ^ Jurkowitz, Mark (September 14, 2008). "Northern Exposure Still Dominates the News". Pew Research Center. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
    185. ^ "McCain urged to Jin Kerry Ticket". NBC News. Reuters. May 16, 2004. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
    186. ^ "Senate Passes Economic Rescue Package". NY1. October 1, 2008. Archived from the original on October 5, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
    187. ^ Witcover (2010), pp. 655–661.
    188. ^ a b c Broder, John M. (October 30, 2008). "Hitting the Backroads, and Having Less to Say". The New York Times. Retrieved October 31, 2008.
    189. ^ a b Tumulty, Karen (October 29, 2008). "Hidin' Biden: Reining In a Voluble No. 2". Time. Retrieved November 1, 2008.
    190. ^ a b McGrane, Victoria (November 3, 2008). "Where have you gone, Joe Biden?". Politico. Retrieved November 3, 2008.
    191. ^ "Biden reliable running mate despite gaffes". Asbury Park Press. Associated Press. October 26, 2008.
    192. ^ "Obama: 'This is your victory'". CNN. November 4, 2008. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
    193. ^ Franke-Ruta, Garance (November 19, 2008). "McCain Takes Missouri". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
    194. ^ "President—Election Center 2008". CNN. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
    195. ^ Chase, Randall (August 24, 2008). "Biden Wages 2 Campaigns At Once". Fox News. Associated Press. Retrieved August 29, 2008.
    196. ^ Nuckols, Ben (November 4, 2008). "Biden wins 7th Senate term but may not serve". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
    197. ^ a b Gaudiano, Nicole (January 7, 2009). "A bittersweet oath for Biden". The News Journal. Archived from the original on February 12, 2009. Retrieved February 7, 2009.
    198. ^ Turner, Trish (January 15, 2009). "Senate Releases 0 Billion in Bailout Funds to Obama". Fox News. Associated Press. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
    199. ^ a b Milford, Phil (November 24, 2008). "Kaufman Picked by Governor to Fill Biden Senate Seat (Update 3)". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on November 16, 2008. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
    200. ^ Kraushaar, Josh (November 24, 2008). "Ted Kaufman to succeed Biden in Senate". Politico. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
    201. ^ Hulse, Carl (January 25, 2010). "Biden's Son Will Not Run for Delaware's Open Senate Seat". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
    202. ^ Becker, Bernie (January 15, 2009). "Biden and Clinton Say Goodbye to Senate". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
    203. ^ "Ted Kaufman". Ballotpedia. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
    204. ^ "Biden says he'll be different vice president". CNN. December 22, 2008. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved December 22, 2008.
    205. ^ Holland, Steve (November 13, 2008). "Biden picks former Gore aide as chief of staff". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 3, 2009. Retrieved November 13, 2008.
    206. ^ Hornick, Ed; Levs, Josh (December 21, 2008). "What Obama promised Biden". CNN. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2008.
    207. ^ Lee, Carol E. (January 6, 2009). "'Senator' Biden's trip raises concerns". Politico. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved January 9, 2009.
    208. ^ "In culminating moment, Biden is vice president". OregonLive.com. Associated Press. January 20, 2009. Archived from the original on January 1, 2020. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
    209. ^ "Think you know your election trivia?". CNN. November 3, 2008. Archived from the original on November 6, 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
    210. ^ Rudin, Ken (January 9, 2009). "The First Catholic Vice President?". NPR. Archived from the original on September 25, 2019. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
    211. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (November 6, 2008). "VP's home awaits if Biden chooses". The News Journal. Archived from the original on November 9, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2008.
    212. ^ a b Leibovich, Mark (March 28, 2009). "Speaking Freely, Biden Finds Influential Role". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 1, 2009. Retrieved March 31, 2009.
    213. ^ Chun, Kwang-Ho (2011). "Kosovo: A New European Nation-State?" (PDF). Journal of International and Area Studies. 18 (1): 91, 94. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    214. ^ Dilanian, Ken (June 11, 2009). "In a supporting role, Clinton takes a low-key approach at State Dept". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 16, 2011. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
    215. ^ Smith, Ben (June 23, 2009). "Hillary Clinton toils in the shadows". Politico. Archived from the original on September 16, 2015. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
    216. ^ a b Bailey, Holly; Thomas, Evan (October 10, 2009). "An Inconvenient Truth Teller". Newsweek. Archived from the original on November 23, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2009.
    217. ^ Osnos, Evan (August 12, 2014). "Breaking Up: Maliki and Biden". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on October 2, 2015. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
    218. ^ Loffman, Matt (February 11, 2010). "Vice President Biden: Iraq "Could Be One of the Great Achievements of This Administration"". ABC News. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    219. ^ "Iraq reinstates 59 election candidates". Agence France-Presse. January 25, 2010. Archived from the original on March 20, 2013. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    220. ^ a b c d Scherer, Michael (June 11, 2012). "Mo Joe". Time. pp. 26–30.
    221. ^ Crowley, Michael (November 9, 2014). "The war over President Obama's new war in Iraq". Politico. Archived from the original on October 13, 2015. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
    222. ^ Scherer, Michael (July 1, 2009). "What Happened to the Stimulus?". Time. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
    223. ^ Travers, Karen (February 17, 2011). "'Sheriff Joe' Biden Touts Recovery Act Success—and Hands Over His Badge". ABC News. Archived from the original on February 21, 2011. Retrieved March 19, 2011.
    224. ^ Silva, Mark; Parsons, Christi (May 1, 2009). "White House adjusts Biden's swine flu advice". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 9, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
    225. ^ "White House tempers Biden's swine flu advice". The Boston Globe. May 1, 2009. Archived from the original on May 5, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
    226. ^ Kurtzman, Daniel (May 8, 2009). "The Week's Best Late-Night Jokes". About.com. Archived from the original on June 11, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
    227. ^ "Biden: 'We misread how bad the economy was'". NBC News. Associated Press. July 5, 2009. Archived from the original on December 17, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
    228. ^ a b c Baker, Peter (April 28, 2019). "Biden and Obama's 'Odd Couple' Relationship Aged Into Family Ties". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on June 6, 2020. Retrieved April 26, 2020. He was also the in-house skeptic on the use of force, arguing against a troop surge to Afghanistan, military intervention in Libya and the raid that killed Osama bin Laden.
    229. ^ Parnes, Amie (June 28, 2011). "The Bidens' 'regular' lives". Politico. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
    230. ^ a b Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (October 12, 2010). "Vice President Tries to Energize Democrats". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 28, 2010. Retrieved October 14, 2010.
    231. ^ a b Lee, Carol E.; Bresnahan, John (December 9, 2010). "Joe Biden expands role as White House link to Congress". Politico. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
    232. ^ a b c d Cooper, Helene (December 11, 2010). "As the Ground Shifts, Biden Plays a Bigger Role". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 13, 2010. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
    233. ^ Hulse, Carl; Calmes, Jackie (December 7, 2010). "Biden and G.O.P. Leader Helped Hammer Out Bipartisan Tax Accord". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 8, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
    234. ^ Herszenhorn, David M.; Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (December 7, 2010). "Democrats Skeptical of Obama on New Tax Plan". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
    235. ^ "Obama Welcomes Budget Deal; Biden to Lead Talks". CNBC. Reuters. March 2, 2011. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved March 9, 2011.
    236. ^ Reid, Tim (May 16, 2011). "Q A: Debt and deficit talks in early stages". Reuters. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
    237. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (May 4, 2011). "Biden tasked with achieving consensus on cutting deficit". The News Journal. Retrieved May 17, 2011.[permanent dead link]
    238. ^ a b Thrush, Glenn; Brown, Carrie Budoff; Raju, Manu; Bresnahan, John (August 2, 2011). "Joe Biden, Mitch McConnell and the making of a debt deal". Politico. Archived from the original on September 22, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2011.
    239. ^ a b Feller, Ben; Pace, Julie; Kellman, Laurie; Benac, Nancy (August 3, 2011). "The real drama was in private as debt deal hatched". Fox News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved August 4, 2011.
    240. ^ Bohan, Caren; Sullivan, Andy; Ferraro, Thomas (August 3, 2011). "Special report: How Washington took the U.S. to the brink". Reuters. Archived from the original on October 13, 2017. Retrieved August 4, 2011.
    241. ^ Weigel, David (January 10, 2014). "Hillary Told the President That Her Opposition to the Surge in Iraq Had Been Political". Slate. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    242. ^ Thiessen, Marc A. (October 8, 2012). "Biden's Bin Laden Hypocrisy". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved August 29, 2015.
    243. ^ Andersen Brower, Kate (June 1, 2018). "Hillary Clinton's 'ass-covering' on bin Laden raid 'rattled' Biden". The Hill. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
    244. ^ "Osama Bin Laden dead; President Obama addresses nation". Times Herald-Record. NewsCore. May 2, 2011. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
    245. ^ a b c Martin, Jonathan (October 31, 2013). "Book Details Obama Aides' Talks About Replacing Biden on 2012 Ticket". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    246. ^ Allen, Jonathan (November 1, 2013). "W.H.: Obama never considered dropping Joe Biden". Politico. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
    247. ^ Parsons, Christi (May 6, 2012). "Biden 'comfortable' with equal rights for gays who wed". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 26, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
    248. ^ a b c "AP source: Biden apologizes to Obama over comments". Fox News. Associated Press. May 10, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2018. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
    249. ^ a b Thrush, Glenn (August 20, 2012). "Politico e-book: Obama campaign roiled by conflict". Politico. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    250. ^ Thursh, Glenn (August 23, 2012). "6 hidden fault lines in President Obama's campaign". Politico. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    251. ^ Calmes, Jackie; Baker, Peter (May 9, 2012). "Obama Says Same-Sex Marriage Should Be Legal". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 10, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
    252. ^ Pace, Julie (May 10, 2012). "Joe Biden Reportedly Apologized To Obama Over Gay Marriage Comments". The Huffington Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 28, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
    253. ^ a b c Von Drehle, David (September 10, 2012). "Let There Be Joe". Time. pp. 41–43. Archived from the original on November 9, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    254. ^ a b Memoli, Michael A. (August 17, 2012). "Biden's unscripted moments keep campaign on its toes". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    255. ^ Martin, Jonathan (August 16, 2012). "Mission Impossible: Managing Joe Biden". Politico. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    256. ^ Siegel, Elyse (September 6, 2012). "Beau Biden Speech Kicks Of Motion To Nominate Father Joe Biden For Vice President". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    257. ^ O'Brien, Michael (October 11, 2012). "Biden plays aggressor in debate as Ryan makes GOP case". NBC News. Archived from the original on September 28, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    258. ^ "Sparks fly as Biden, Ryan face off in feisty vice presidential debate". Fox News. October 12, 2012. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    259. ^ "Obama defeats Romney to win second term, vows he has 'more work to do'". Fox News. November 7, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
    260. ^ Memoli, Michael A. (January 4, 2013). "It's official: Obama, Biden win second term". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    261. ^ Caldwell, Leigh Ann (December 19, 2012). "Obama sets up gun violence task force". CBS News. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    262. ^ Demirjian, Karoun (January 1, 2013). "It's over: House passes 'fiscal cliff' deal". Las Vegas Sun. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    263. ^ a b Fram, Alan (January 2, 2013). "Congress' OK of fiscal cliff deal gives Obama a win, prevents GOP blame for tax boosts". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013.
    264. ^ Rampton, Roberta (January 20, 2013). "Vice President Biden sworn into office for second term". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 22, 2013.
    265. ^ Bresnahan, John; Manu, Raju; Sherman, Jake; Brown, Carrie Budoff (October 18, 2013). "Anatomy of a shutdown". Politico. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    266. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (October 13, 2013). "Biden mostly out of sight as shutdown drags on". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    267. ^ Bowman, Bridget (October 14, 2013). "Biden takes a back seat during budget negotiations over shutdown". PBS NewsHour. PBS. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    268. ^ "Rape and sexual assault: A renewed call to action" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. January 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 21, 2017. Retrieved August 24, 2016 – via National Archives.
    269. ^ "Memorandum: Establishing White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault". whitehouse.gov (Press release). January 22, 2014. Archived from the original on January 22, 2017. Retrieved June 10, 2014 – via National Archives.
    270. ^ Hayes, Dianne (2012). "Looking The Other Way?". Diverse: Issues in Higher Education.
    271. ^ Elaine Grant (April 5, 2011). "Federal Effort Targets Sexual Assaults At Colleges". NPR. Archived from the original on April 5, 2019. Retrieved April 5, 2019. BIDEN: Look, guys, no matter what a girl does, no matter how she's dressed, no matter how much she's had to drink, it's never, never, never, never, never OK to touch her without her consent.
    272. ^ Schow, Ashe (April 4, 2019). "Biden Reaps the #MeToo Whirlwind". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on April 5, 2019. Retrieved April 5, 2019. While speaking to students at the University of New Hampshire in 2011, then-Vice President Joe Biden told men in the audience that 'no matter what a girl does, no matter how she's dressed, no matter how much she's had to drink—it's never, never, never, never, never OK to touch her without her consent.'
    273. ^ Friedersdorf, Conor (September 18, 2014). "Who to Blame If Arming the Syrian Rebels Goes Wrong". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on May 12, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    274. ^ Gerstein, Josh (June 13, 2014). "Was Joe Biden right?". Politico. Archived from the original on September 27, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
    275. ^ Kitfield, James (January 30, 2014). "Turns Out, Joe Biden Was Right About Dividing Iraq". National Journal. Archived from the original on October 11, 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
    276. ^ Grier, Peter (September 3, 2014). "Joe Biden vows to chase Islamic State to 'gates of hell'. Does he mean it?". The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
    277. ^ Paz, Christian (October 26, 2020). "The Biden Doctrine Begins With Latin America". The Atlantic. ISSN 1072-7825. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
    278. ^ Jaffe, Alexandra (March 3, 2015). "The list of Democrats skipping Netanyahu's speech". CNN. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
    279. ^ Melander, Ingrid (August 16, 2016). "Biden offers condolences for Serbs killed in 1999 NATO air strikes". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    280. ^ Bytyci, Fatos (August 15, 2016). "'We owe you so much,' Kosovo to tell Biden as street named after late son". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
    281. ^ Bezhan, Frud (August 17, 2016). "Word On The Street Is That Kosovo Has A Love Affair With Americans". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Archived from the original on October 23, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
    282. ^ Rucker, Philip; Viser, Matt; DeBonis, Mike (March 5, 2020). "Trump and allies resume attacks on Biden's son as the Democrat surges". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 28, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
    283. ^ Bycoffe, Aaron (February 7, 2017). "Pence Has Already Done Something Biden Never Did: Break A Senate Tie". FiveThirtyEight. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021. Twelve vice presidents, including Biden, never broke a tie; Biden was the longest-serving vice president to never do so.
    284. ^ a b Itkowitz, Colby (March 23, 2015). "There is a 'Draft Joe Biden' Super PAC Now; It's Even Hiring a Fundraiser". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 16, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
    285. ^ Dowd, Maureen (August 1, 2015). "Joe Biden in 2016: What Would Beau Do?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    286. ^ Zeleny, Jeff; Liptak, Kevin (August 1, 2015). "Joe Biden Keeps Watchful Eye on 2016 Race". CNN. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
    287. ^ "Joe Biden still undecided on presidential run". BBC News. September 11, 2015. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    288. ^ Mason, Jeff (October 21, 2015). "Biden says he will not seek 2016 Democratic nomination". aol.com. Archived from the original on October 22, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
    289. ^ Reilly, Mollie (October 21, 2015). "Joe Biden Is Not Running For President In 2016". Huff Post. Archived from the original on April 5, 2019. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
    290. ^ McCain Nelson, Colleen; Nicholas, Peter (October 21, 2015). "Joe Biden Decides Not to Enter Presidential Race". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on October 21, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
    291. ^ Fabian, Jordan (January 6, 2016). "Biden regrets not running for president 'every day'". The Hill. Archived from the original on January 2, 2017. Retrieved January 12, 2017.
    292. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (June 9, 2016). "Joe Biden endorses Hillary Clinton". Politico. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    293. ^ Shabad, Rebecca (June 20, 2016). "Joe Biden slams Donald Trump on wall, Muslim entry ban". CBS News. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    294. ^ Parks, Maryalice (October 22, 2016). "Biden Says He Wishes He Could Take Trump 'Behind the Gym' Over Groping Comments". ABC News. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    295. ^ O'Brien, Sara Ashley (March 12, 2017). "Joe Biden: The fight against cancer is bipartisan". CNNMoney. Archived from the original on May 26, 2019. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
    296. ^ Kane, Paul (June 11, 2018). "Biden wraps up book tour amid persistent questions about the next chapter". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on November 7, 2020. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
    297. ^ Viser, Matt; Narayanswamy, Anu (July 9, 2019). "Joe Biden earned .6 million in the two years after leaving the vice presidency". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 24, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
    298. ^ Friedman, Megan (August 30, 2018). "Joe Biden Just Gave an Incredibly Powerful Speech at John McCain's Memorial". Town & Country. Archived from the original on June 10, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    299. ^ Hutchins, Ryan (May 28, 2017). "Biden backs Phil Murphy, says N.J. governor's race 'most important' in nation". Politico. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    300. ^ a b "The Democratic candidates on foreign policy". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on June 16, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
    301. ^ Greenwood, Max (May 31, 2017). "Biden: Paris deal 'best way to protect' US leadership". The Hill. Archived from the original on February 25, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    302. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (March 26, 2014). "VP's LGBT comments raise eyebrows". politico.com. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    303. ^ Peoples, Steve (June 21, 2017). "Joe Biden to LGBT gala: 'Hold President Trump accountable'". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    304. ^ "Brunei defends tough new Islamic laws against growing backlash". Reuters. March 30, 2019. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
    305. ^ Eder, Steve; Glueck, Katie (July 9, 2019). "Joe Biden's Tax Returns Show More Than Million in Income After 2016". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 15, 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
    306. ^ A. Memoli, Michael (December 6, 2016). "Joe Biden wouldn't count out a 2020 run for president. But he was asked in an emotional moment". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
    307. ^ Wright, David (December 7, 2016). "Biden stokes 2020 buzz on Colbert: 'Never say never'". CNN. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
    308. ^ Lang, Cady (December 7, 2016). "Joe Biden Discussed Running in 2020 With Stephen Colbert: 'Never Say Never'". Time. Archived from the original on December 8, 2016. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
    309. ^ Revesz, Rachael (January 13, 2017). "Joe Biden: I will not run for president in 2020 but I am working to cure cancer". The Independent. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
    310. ^ Alter, Jonathan (January 17, 2017). "Joe Biden: 'I Wish to Hell I'd Just Kept Saying the Exact Same Thing'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 21, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
    311. ^ Charnetzki, Tori (January 10, 2018). "New Quad City Super PAC: "Time for Biden"". WVIK. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
    312. ^ Scherer, Michael; Wagner, John (April 25, 2019). "Former vice president Joe Biden jumps into White House race". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 26, 2020. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
    313. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (February 4, 2019). "Biden's Anguished Search for a Path to Victory". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
    314. ^ Kramer, Andrew E. (September 20, 2019). "Ukraine Pressured on U.S. Political Investigations". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 20, 2019. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
    315. ^ Isachenkov, Vladimir (September 27, 2019). "Ukraine's prosecutor says there is no probe into Biden". Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2019. Though the timing raised concerns among anti-corruption advocates, there has been no evidence of wrongdoing by either the former vice president or his son.
    316. ^ "White House 'tried to cover up details of Trump-Ukraine call'". BBC News. September 26, 2019. Archived from the original on September 30, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2019. There is no evidence of any wrongdoing by the Bidens.
    317. ^ Brown, Matthew (January 15, 2021). "Fact check: False conspiracy theories allege connection between Biden victory and Ukraine". USA Today. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
    318. ^ Cullison, Alan; Ballhaus, Rebecca; Volz, Dustin (September 21, 2019). "Trump Repeatedly Pressed Ukraine President to Investigate Biden's Son". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on September 23, 2019. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
    319. ^ Mackinnon, Amy (September 20, 2019). "Is Trump Trying to Get Ukraine to Take Out Biden for Him?". Foreign Policy. Graham Holdings. Archived from the original on September 20, 2019. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
    320. ^ Sherman, Amy (October 11, 2019). "Donald Trump ad misleads about Joe Biden, Ukraine and the prosecutor". PolitiFact. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    321. ^ Kessler, Glenn (September 27, 2019). "A quick guide to President Trump's false claims about Ukraine and the Bidens". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 14, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    322. ^ Dale, Daniel (September 25, 2019). "Fact check: What Trump has been getting wrong on Biden and Ukraine". CNN. Archived from the original on November 20, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    323. ^ In March 2016 testimony to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, former ambassador to Ukraine John E. Herbst said, "By late fall of 2015, the EU and the United States joined the chorus of those seeking Mr. Shokin's removal" and that Joe Biden "spoke publicly about this before and during his December visit to Kyiv." During the same hearing, assistant secretary of state Victoria Nuland said, "We have pegged our next
    324.  billion loan guarantee, first and foremost, to having a rebooting of the reform coalition so that we know who we are working with, but secondarily, to ensuring that the prosecutor general's office gets cleaned up.""Ukrainian Reforms Two Years After the Maidan Revolution and the Russian Invasion" (PDF). U.S. Government Publishing Office. March 15, 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 19, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    325. ^ Fandos, Nicholas (September 23, 2020). "Republican Inquiry Finds No Evidence of Wrongdoing by Biden". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 24, 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2021.
    326. ^ Blake, Aaron (September 23, 2020). "GOP's Hunter Biden report doesn't back up Trump's actual conspiracy theory — or anything close to it". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on September 24, 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2021.
    327. ^ Arnold, Amanda; Lampen, Claire (April 12, 2020). "All the Women Who Have Spoken Out Against Joe Biden". The Cut. Archived from the original on December 17, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
    328. ^ Brice-Saddler, Michael (March 29, 2019). "Nevada Democrat accuses Joe Biden of touching and kissing her without consent at 2014 event". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
    329. ^ Ember, Sydney; Martin, Jonathan (April 3, 2019). "Joe Biden, in video, says he will be 'more mindful' of personal space". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
    330. ^ "NBC/WSJ poll: Former Vice-President Joe Biden frontrunner in race for Democratic nomination". NBC News. WPSD-TV. December 19, 2019. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
    331. ^ Silver, Nate (January 10, 2020). "Biden Is The Front-Runner, But There's No Clear Favorite". FiveThirtyEight. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
    332. ^ "2020 Iowa Democratic Caucuses Live Results". The Washington Post. February 3, 2020. Archived from the original on December 7, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
    333. ^ "New Hampshire results". NBC News. February 11, 2020. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
    334. ^ "Nevada Election Results 2020". Politico. Archived from the original on November 15, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    335. ^ Peoples, Steve; Kinnard, Meg; Barrow, Bill (February 29, 2020). "Biden wins South Carolina, aims for Super Tuesday momentum". Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 29, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
    336. ^ Montanaro, Domenico (March 4, 2020). "5 Takeaways From Super Tuesday And Joe Biden's Big Night". NPR. Archived from the original on November 13, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    337. ^ Bradner, Eric; Krieg, Gregory; Merica, Dan (March 11, 2020). "5 takeaways as Biden takes command of Democratic race on Super Tuesday II". CNN. Archived from the original on March 11, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
    338. ^ Lerer, Lisa; Ember, Sydney (April 12, 2020). "Examining Tara Reade's Sexual Assault Allegation Against Joe Biden". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 14, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
    339. ^ McGann, Laura (May 7, 2020). "The agonizing story of Tara Reade". Vox. Archived from the original on May 7, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
    340. ^ Reinhard, Beth; Viebeck, Elise; Viser, Matt; Crites, Alice (April 12, 2020). "Sexual assault allegation by former Biden Senate aide emerges in campaign, draws denial". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on April 28, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
    341. ^ Phillips, Amber (June 1, 2020). "What we know about Tara Reade's sexual assault allegation against Joe Biden". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 18, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
    342. ^ Ember, Sydney (April 8, 2020). "Bernie Sanders Drops Out of 2020 Democratic Race for President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 8, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
    343. ^ Ember, Sydney; Glueck, Katie (April 13, 2020). "Bernie Sanders Endorses Joe Biden for President". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 13, 2020. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
    344. ^ Merica, Dan; Zeleny, Jeff (April 14, 2020). "Obama endorses Biden for president in video message". CNN. Archived from the original on April 14, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
    345. ^ "Joe Biden commits to picking a woman as his running mate". Axios. March 16, 2020. Archived from the original on October 8, 2020. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
    346. ^ Linskey, Annie (June 9, 2020). "Biden clinches the Democratic nomination after securing more than 1,991 delegates". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
    347. ^ "Biden VP pick: Kamala Harris chosen as running mate". BBC News. August 12, 2020. Archived from the original on October 10, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    348. ^ Jamerson, Joshua; Day, Chad (August 18, 2020). "DNC Nominates Joe Biden to Lead Nation Through Pandemic". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
    349. ^ Olorunnipa, Toluse; Janes, Chelsea; Sonmez, Felicia; Itkowitz, Colby; Wagner, John (August 19, 2020). "Joe Biden officially becomes the Democratic Party's nominee on convention's second night". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
    350. ^ Schultz, Marisa (August 18, 2020). "Democrats formally nominate Joe Biden for president in virtual roll call". Fox News. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
    351. ^ Santucci, Jeanine (December 9, 2020). "Timeline: Trump insists he won the election as Biden prepares to take the White House". USA Today. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
    352. ^ Wheeler, Tom (November 18, 2020). "With only 11 weeks, a transition delayed is a transition denied". The Brookings Institution. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
    353. ^ Holmes, Kristen; Herb, Jeremy (November 23, 2020). "First on CNN: GSA tells Biden that transition can formally begin". CNN. Archived from the original on November 23, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
    354. ^ "Transcript of Trump's Speech at Rally Before US Capitol Riot". U.S. News & World Report. January 13, 2021. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
    355. ^ Kimble, Lindsay (January 6, 2021). "Joe Biden Calls on Donald Trump to 'Step Up' amid Chaos Led by 'Extremists' at Capitol". People. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
    356. ^ Weissert, Will; Superville, Darlene (January 7, 2021). "Biden urges restoring decency after 'assault' on democracy". Associated Press. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
    357. ^ King, Ledyard; Groppe, Maureen; Wu, Nicholas; Jansen, Bart; Subramanian, Courtney; Garrison, Joey (January 6, 2021). "Pence confirms Biden as winner, officially ending electoral count after day of violence at Capitol". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
    358. ^ Higgins, Tucker (December 21, 2020). "Joe Biden receives Covid vaccine on live television, encourages Americans to get inoculated". CNBC. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
    359. ^ Karni, Annie; Weiland, Noah (December 21, 2020). "Biden receives the coronavirus vaccine". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
    360. ^ Kalich, Sydney (January 11, 2021). "President-elect Biden receives final COVID-19 vaccine dose". WLAX. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
    361. ^ a b Hunnicutt, Trevor; Zengerle, Patricia; Renshaw, Jarrett (January 20, 2021). "Taking helm of divided nation, U.S. President Biden calls for end to 'uncivil war'". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
    362. ^ "Biden inauguration: New president sworn in amid Trump snub". BBC News. January 20, 2021. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
    363. ^ Parker, Ashley (August 16, 2012). "Campaigning Aside, Team Plans a Romney Presidency". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 5, 2018. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
    364. ^ Fund, John (January 21, 2013). "What was Romney Planning?". National Review. Archived from the original on January 31, 2016. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
    365. ^ Gazis, Olivia; Erickson, Bo; Segers, Grace (September 18, 2020). "Biden receives first classified intelligence briefing". CBS News. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
    366. ^ "Trump faces calls to work with Biden team on transition". The Tribune. November 9, 2020. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
    367. ^ "Biden to become the second Catholic president in U.S. history, after JFK". NBC News. January 19, 2021. Archived from the original on January 19, 2021. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
    368. ^ Cormier, Ryan; Talorico, Patricia (November 7, 2020). "Delaware history is made: The First State gets its first president in Joe Biden". The News Journal. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
    369. ^ Azari, Julia (August 20, 2020). "Biden Had To Fight For The Presidential Nomination. But Most VPs Have To". FiveThirtyEight. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
    370. ^ "At long last, the silent generation's hour has come". Financial Times. March 6, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    371. ^ "Masked Crowd, No Trump: Why Biden Inauguration Will Be Like No Other". Agence France-Presse. NDTV. January 18, 2021. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
    372. ^ "Biden's first act: Orders on pandemic, climate, immigration". Associated Press. January 20, 2021. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
    373. ^ Erikson, Bo (January 20, 2021). "Biden signs executive actions on COVID, climate change, immigration and more". CBS News. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
    374. ^ "Joe Biden is taking executive action at a record pace". The Economist. January 22, 2021. Archived from the original on January 24, 2021. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
    375. ^ Cassella, Megan (January 22, 2021). "Biden signs executive orders aimed at combating hunger, protecting workers". Politico. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
    376. ^ Allassan, Fadel; Perano, Ursula (January 20, 2021). "Biden will issue executive order to rescind Keystone XL pipeline permit". Axios. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
    377. ^ Massie, Graeme (January 23, 2021). "Canada's Trudeau 'disappointed' with Biden order to cancel Keystone pipeline". The Independent. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
    378. ^ Nickel, Rod; Volcovici, Valerie (January 21, 2021). "TC Energy cuts jobs as Keystone pipeline nixed, but markets start to move on". Reuters. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    379. ^ Keith, Tamara (February 3, 2021). "With 28 Executive Orders Signed, President Biden Is Off To A Record Start". NPR. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
    380. ^ Knickmeyer, Ellen (February 5, 2021). "Biden ending US support for Saudi-led offensive in Yemen". Associated Press. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
    381. ^ Starr, Barbara; Liebermann, Oren; Gaouette, Nicole (February 25, 2021). "US carries out air strikes in Syria targeting Iranian backed militias". CNN. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
    382. ^ "H.R.1319 - American Rescue Plan Act of 2021". United States Congress. March 11, 2021. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
    383. ^ Luhby, Tami; Lobosco, Katie (January 14, 2021). "Here's what's in Biden's
    384. .9 trillion economic rescue package". CNN. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
    385. ^ Tankersley, Jim; Crowley, Michael (January 14, 2021). "Here are the highlights of Biden's
    386. .9 trillion 'American Rescue Plan.'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
    387. ^ Kaplan, Thomas (March 7, 2021). "What's in the Stimulus Bill? A Guide to Where the
    388. .9 Trillion Is Going". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
    389. ^ "Biden administration faces pressure on immigration amid influx". Al Jazeera. March 17, 2021. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
    390. ^ Miroff, Nick (March 13, 2021). "Biden will deploy FEMA to care for teenagers and children crossing border in record numbers". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
    391. ^ Sanger, David E.; Shear, Michael D. (April 14, 2021). "Biden, Setting Afghanistan Withdrawal, Says 'It Is Time to End the Forever War'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
    392. ^ a b c d E. Sanger, David (August 15, 2021). "For Biden, Images of Defeat He Wanted to Avoid". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
    393. ^ Wadington, Katie (April 14, 2021). "Afghanistan withdrawal draws strong Capitol Hill reactions, making some strange alliances". USA Today. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
    394. ^ "New momentum reduces emissions gap, but huge gap remains - analysis". Carbon Action Tracker. climateactiontracker.org. April 23, 2021. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
    395. ^ Newburger, Emma (April 22, 2021). "Here's what countries pledged on climate change at Biden's global summit". CNBC. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
    396. ^ Lemire, Jonathan; Boak, Josh (April 28, 2021). "Biden to the nation and world: 'America is rising anew'". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on April 29, 2021. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
    397. ^ Nazaryan, Alexander (April 15, 2021). "Biden breaks with Obama, as well as Trump, on everything from Afghanistan to spending". Yahoo! News. Yahoo!. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
    398. ^ "Remarks by President Biden and H.E. Moon Jae-in, President of the Republic of Korea at Press Conference". whitehouse.gov. May 21, 2021. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
    399. ^ Haltiwanger, John (June 3, 2021). "Biden's first trip abroad will be a whirlwind of major meetings with key allies and top rivals". Business Insider. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
    400. ^ "Most Federal Employees Will Receive Friday Off for Juneteenth". Government Executive. June 17, 2021. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
    401. ^ Watson, Kathryn; Quinn, Melissa (June 18, 2021). "Biden signs bill making Juneteenth a federal holiday". CBS News. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
    402. ^ Jaffe, Alexandra; Madhani, Aamer (July 22, 2021). "Biden says getting COVID-19 vaccine 'gigantically important'". U.S. News & World Report. Associated Press. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
    403. ^ "Covid misinformation on Facebook is killing people - Biden". BBC News. July 17, 2021. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
    404. ^ Madhani, Aamer; Lemire, Jonathan (September 16, 2021). "Biden announces Indo-Pacific alliance with UK, Australia". Associated Press. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
    405. ^ "Afghanistan Travel Advisory - Level 4: Do Not Travel". U.S. Embassy in Afghanistan. April 27, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    406. ^ "U.S. involvement in Afghanistan "doesn't end" on August 31, acting ambassador says" – via www.cbsnews.com.
    407. ^ Liptak, Kevin; Zeleny, Jeff; Collins, Kaitlan; Hansler, Jennifer; Vazquez, Maegan (August 16, 2021). "Biden admits Afghanistan's collapse 'did unfold more quickly than we had anticipated'". CNN. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    408. ^ Merchant, Nomaan; Miller, Zeke (August 19, 2021). "Misread warnings helped lead to chaotic Afghan evacuation". Associated Press. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    409. ^ a b c "Biden defends 'messy' US pullout from Afghanistan". BBC News. August 17, 2021. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
    410. ^ Prakash, Nidhi (August 16, 2021). "Joe Biden Blamed Afghan Leaders For Giving Up As The Taliban Took Control". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
    411. ^ Edmondson, Catie (August 16, 2021). "Lawmakers Unite in Bipartisan Fury Over Afghanistan Withdrawal". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
    412. ^ McKelvey, Tara; Deng, Boer (2021). "Biden's week of blame and tumult after Kabul fall". bbc.co.uk. BBC News. History is going to judge us very harshly, I believe, if we allow the hope of a liberated Afghanistan to evaporate because we are fearful of the phrase nation-building or we do not stay the course
    413. ^ a b Watson, Kathryn (August 16, 2021). "Biden says "buck stops with me" and defends Afghanistan withdrawal". CBS News. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
    414. ^ Blake, Aaron (August 16, 2021). "Biden says the 'buck stops with me' — while pinning blame on Trump and many Afghans". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
    415. ^ "Brutal ISIS-K affiliate in Afghanistan poses terror threat to U.S. evacuation". USA Today. August 23, 2021. Archived from the original on August 23, 2021. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    416. ^ "American forces keep up airlift under high threat warnings". Associated Press. August 28, 2021. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    417. ^ Collins, Michael; Brook, Tom Vanden; Shesgreen, Deirdre (August 28, 2021). "Biden said US would 'hunt' down Kabul airport attackers. A day later, a drone strike killed two ISIS-K targets". USA TODAY. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    418. ^ Stewart, Phil; Ali, Idrees (September 19, 2021). "U.S. says Kabul drone strike killed 10 civilians, including children, in 'tragic mistake'". Reuters. Retrieved September 19, 2021.
    419. ^ Madhani, Aamer; Freking, Kevin (September 1, 2021). "Biden defends departure from 'forever war,' praises airlift". Associated Press. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
    420. ^ Gore, D'Angelo; Farley, Robert; Robertson, Lori (September 2, 2021). "How Many Americans and Allies Are Left in Afghanistan?". Factcheck.org. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
    421. ^ Salama, Vivian; Youssef, Nancy (August 29, 2021). "U.S. Vows to Stay Committed to Afghanistan as Presence Fades". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on August 29, 2021. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
    422. ^ Holland, Steve; Renshaw, Jarrett (March 31, 2021). "Biden says trillion jobs plan rivals the space race in its ambition". Reuters. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
    423. ^ Siegel, Rachel (March 31, 2021). "What's in Biden's trillion jobs and infrastructure plan?". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
    424. ^ Romm, Tony (August 10, 2021). "Senate approves bipartisan,
    425. trillion infrastructure bill, bringing major Biden goal one step closer". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
    426. ^ Pramuk, Jacob (August 10, 2021). "Senate passes
    427. trillion bipartisan infrastructure bill, sending key part of Biden's economic agenda to the House". CNBC. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
    428. ^ Jalonick, Mary Clare (November 7, 2021). "Roads, transit, internet: What's in the infrastructure bill". Associated Press. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
    429. ^ Boak, Josh; Long, Colleen (November 16, 2021). "Biden signs
    430. T infrastructure deal with bipartisan crowd". Associated Press. Retrieved November 16, 2021.
    431. ^ Natter, Ari; A Dlouhy, Jennifer; Krukowska, Ewa (September 14, 2021). "U.S. and EU Vow Steep Methane Cuts Ahead of Climate Summit". Bloomberg. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
    432. ^ "China Briefing, 16 September 2021: Xi and Biden discuss climate; Johnson's 'last-ditch' talks with Xi; Advice for China's carbon goals". Carbon Brief. September 16, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
    433. ^ Murphy, Katharine (September 14, 2021). "Climate change will be on agenda when Scott Morrison meets Joe Biden in the US". The Guardian. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
    434. ^ Mason, Jeff (September 16, 2021). "Biden will convene Major Economies Forum on Friday to press for climate action". Reuters. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
    435. ^ "President Biden to Host Leader-Level Meeting of the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate". whitehouse.gov. September 15, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
    436. ^ "Biden pledges to double U.S. climate change aid; some activists unimpressed". Reuters. September 21, 2021. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
    437. ^ "COP26: Cautious welcome for unexpected US-China climate agreement". Reuters. November 11, 2021. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
    438. ^ Kruzel, John (May 6, 2019). "Joe Biden claims he was a staunch liberal in the Senate. He wasn't". PolitiFact. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
    439. ^ Smith, Sean (November 15, 2020). "Be warned Joe Biden – centrism is no longer a safe haven in politics". The Independent. Archived from the original on December 17, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    440. ^ Hook, Janet (August 12, 2020). "Picking Harris, Biden puts centrist stamp on Democrats' future". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 14, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    441. ^ Waldman, Paul (July 16, 2020). "Opinion: How Joe Biden is moving left while still being seen as a moderate". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 18, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
    442. ^ Bacon, Perry Jr. (May 21, 2020). "The Pandemic Has Pushed Biden To The Left. How Far Will He Go?". FiveThirtyEight. Archived from the original on December 28, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
    443. ^ Lucas, Peter (August 8, 2020). "Shifting farther to the left, Biden is now a Bernie Bro". Boston Herald. Archived from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
    444. ^ Kiely, Kathy (September 12, 2005). "Judging Judge Roberts: A look at the Judiciary Committee". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 17, 2020. Retrieved August 24, 2008. See also: "2008 U.S. Senate Votes". American Conservative Union. Archived from the original on March 30, 2009. Retrieved March 20, 2009. Lifetime rating is given.
    445. ^ Biden, Joe (February 17, 2010). "Assessing the Recovery Act: 'The best is yet to come'". whitehouse.gov. Archived from the original on January 24, 2017. Retrieved April 5, 2013 – via National Archives.
    446. ^ a b Biden, Joe (January 27, 2011). "Biden: Mubarak Is Not a Dictator, But People Have a Right to Protest". PBS NewsHour. Archived from the original on November 13, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    447. ^ Hockenberry, John (April 23, 2009). "Vice President Joe Biden pushes mass transit spending". The Takeaway. Archived from the original on July 19, 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
    448. ^ Biden, Joe (June 23, 2011). "Statement by Vice President Biden On the Bipartisan Debt Talks". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved April 6, 2013 – via National Archives.
    449. ^ Hellman, Chris; Kramer, Mattea (April 10, 2013). "Competing Visions: President Obama, Rep. Paul Ryan, Sen. Patty Murray, and House Progressives Release Budget Proposals for 2014". National Priorities Project. Archived from the original on November 25, 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2013.
    450. ^ Zeballos-Roig, Joseph (September 11, 2020). "Joe Biden pledges to roll back Trump's corporate tax cuts on 'day one,' saying it won't hurt businesses' ability to hire". Business Insider. Archived from the original on November 22, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    451. ^ Henney, Megan (June 30, 2020). "Biden pledges to roll back Trump's tax cuts: 'A lot of you may not like that'". Fox Business. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    452. ^ "Final Senate Vote on NAFTA". Public Citizen. Archived from the original on June 8, 2008. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
    453. ^ Lillis, Mike (January 28, 2016). "Biden coaxes Dems on Obama trade deal". The Hill. Archived from the original on November 7, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    454. ^ a b Diamond, Dan (July 15, 2019). "Biden unveils health care plan: Affordable Care Act 2.0". Politico. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    455. ^ Barrow, Bill (July 15, 2019). "Biden aggressively defends the Affordable Care Act". PBS. Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    456. ^ Scott, Dylan (August 20, 2020). "Joe Biden has a chance to finish the work of Obamacare". Vox. Archived from the original on November 5, 2020. Retrieved November 27, 2020.
    457. ^ Nagourney, Adam; Kaplan, Thomas (June 21, 2020). "Behind Joe Biden's Evolution on L.G.B.T.Q. Rights". The New York Times. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    458. ^ "May 6: Joe Biden, Kelly Ayotte, Diane Swonk, Tom Brokaw, Chuck Todd". NBC News. May 6, 2012. Archived from the original on April 5, 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
    459. ^ Lerer, Lisa (March 29, 2019). "When Joe Biden Voted to Let States Overturn Roe v. Wade". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on August 6, 2020. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
    460. ^ Siders, Dave (June 22, 2019). "Biden calls for enshrining Roe v. Wade in federal law". Politico. Archived from the original on April 2, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
    461. ^ "Presidential Candidates views on ANWR, The Democrats". Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Archived from the original on August 7, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    462. ^ Kranish, Michael (June 9, 2020). "Joe Biden let police groups write his crime bill. Now, his agenda has changed". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    463. ^ McDermott, Nathan; Steck, Em (June 10, 2020). "Biden repeatedly pushed bill in Senate that critics said would have made investigating police officers for misconduct more difficult". CNN. Archived from the original on November 16, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    464. ^ "A look at the environmental record of Joe Biden, Barack Obama's running mate". Grist. January 3, 2008. Archived from the original on May 26, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
    465. ^ Carr, Bob (September 2, 2020). "Joe Biden's bold climate policies would leave Australia behind". The Guardian. Archived from the original on September 21, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
    466. ^ Moore, Elena (October 16, 2020). "Trump's And Biden's Plans For The Environment". NPR. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
    467. ^ Bade, Gavin (October 14, 2020). "How Biden would use trade agreements to fight global warming". Politico. Archived from the original on October 21, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
    468. ^ "Biden's hands may be tied on Trump's China tariffs, trade experts say". CNBC. September 8, 2020. Archived from the original on October 26, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
    469. ^ Biden, Jr., Joseph R. (January 23, 2020). "Why America Must Lead Again". Foreign Affairs. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
    470. ^ "Remarks by President Biden on America's Place in the World". The White House. February 4, 2021. Retrieved February 6, 2021.
    471. ^ Martin, Peter; Mohsin, Saleha; Wadhams, Nick; Leonard, Jenny (February 11, 2021). "President Biden Raises Human Rights and Trade Concerns in First Call With China's Xi". Time. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
    472. ^ Edward, Wong; Crawley, Michael; Swanson, Ana (September 6, 2020). "Joe Biden's China Journey". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    473. ^ "Foreign Policy, Joseph R. Biden Jr". The New York Times. February 6, 2020. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    474. ^ Baker, Peter (October 9, 2015). "A Biden Run Would Expose Foreign Policy Differences With Hillary Clinton". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 16, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    475. ^ Wehner, Peter (September 4, 2008). "Biden Was Wrong On the Cold War". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    476. ^ Farley, Robert (September 10, 2019). "Biden's Record on Iraq War". FactCheck.org. Annenberg Public Policy Center. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    477. ^ "Where does Joe Biden stand on anti-Semitism, Israel and other issues that matter to Jewish voters in 2020?". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. December 12, 2019. Archived from the original on January 11, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    478. ^ "Joseph R. Biden, Jr. – Council on Foreign Relations". Council on Foreign Relations. Archived from the original on February 6, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    479. ^ "2020 Presidential Election". Engage Cuba Coalition. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    480. ^ Letzter, Rafi (July 8, 2020). "The US formally announced its withdrawal from the World Health Organization". livescience.com. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    481. ^ Lee, Matthew; Weissert, Will (August 2, 2020). "Biden eyes major foreign policy shifts if he wins". Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    482. ^ Landay, Jonathan; Mohammed, Arshad (November 25, 2020). "Biden urged to extend U.S.-Russia arms treaty for full 5 years without conditions". Reuters. Archived from the original on May 12, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    483. ^ Pifer, Steven (December 1, 2020). "Reviving nuclear arms control under Biden". Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on December 1, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    484. ^ Liptak, Kevin (April 24, 2021). "Biden officially recognizes the massacre of Armenians in World War I as a genocide". CNN. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
    485. ^ Wallsten, Peter (August 24, 2008). "Demographics part of calculation: Biden adds experience, yes, but he could also help with Catholics, blue-collar whites and women". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 15, 2019. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    486. ^ "A look at Biden's net worth". The Boston Globe. Associated Press. August 24, 2008. Archived from the original on July 25, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
    487. ^ Broder, John M. (September 13, 2008). "Biden Releases Tax Returns, in Part to Pressure Rivals". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 25, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
    488. ^ Mooney, Alexander (September 12, 2008). "Biden tax returns revealed". CNN. Archived from the original on September 13, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
    489. ^ Montopoli, Brian (November 6, 2009). "237 Millionaires in Congress". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    490. ^ Olya, Gabrielle (March 11, 2021). "How Much Is President Joe Biden Worth?". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    491. ^ Olya, Gabrielle (April 18, 2021). "How Much Is President Joe Biden Worth?". www.msn.com. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    492. ^ Borden, Taylor (January 7, 2020). "President-elect Joe Biden just turned 78. Here's how he went from 'Middle-Class Joe' to millionaire". Business Insider. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    493. ^ Tindera, Michela (August 28, 2019). "Here's How Much 2020 Presidential Candidate Joe Biden Is Worth". Forbes. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
    494. ^ Baldoni, John (August 20, 2020). "How Empathy Defines Joe Biden". Forbes. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
    495. ^ Nagle, Molly (December 19, 2020). "Nearly 50 years after death of wife and daughter, empathy remains at Joe Biden's core". ABC News. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
    496. ^ Glueck, Katie; Flegenheimer, Matt (June 11, 2020). "Joe Biden, Emissary of Grief". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
    497. ^ "Transcripts". The Situation Room. CNN. January 12, 2006. Archived from the original on July 19, 2008. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
    498. ^ Smith, Ben (December 2, 2008). "Biden, enemy of the prepared remarks". Politico. Archived from the original on September 11, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2008.
    499. ^ Tapper, Jake (January 31, 2007). "A Biden Problem: Foot in Mouth". ABC News. Archived from the original on August 27, 2008. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
    500. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (March 19, 1998). "Senate Struggles to Pay Attention to the Remapping of NATO". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 10, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
    501. ^ Halperin, Mark (August 23, 2008). "Halperin on Biden: Pros and Cons". Time. Archived from the original on July 22, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
    502. ^ O'Neil, Luke (April 25, 2019). "'I am a gaffe machine': a history of Joe Biden's biggest blunders". The Guardian. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
    503. ^ Allen, Jonathan. "Whether Biden's gaffe is an old problem or a new one, he needs a fix". NBC News. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    504. ^ Durkee, Alison (August 9, 2019). ""Gaffe Machine" Biden Comes Under Fire For "White Kids" Remark". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    505. ^ Jaffe, Alexandra (August 8, 2020). "Biden risks alienating young Black voters after race remarks". Associated Press. Retrieved August 30, 2021.
    506. ^ Stevens, Matt (August 9, 2019). "Joe Biden Says 'Poor Kids' Are Just as Bright as 'White Kids'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 30, 2021.

    Works cited

    • Barone, Michael; Cohen, Richard E. (2008). The Almanac of American Politics. National Journal. Washington. ISBN 978-0-89234-116-0.
    • Bronner, Ethan (1989). Battle for Justice: How the Bork Nomination Shook America. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-02690-0.
    • Gadsen, Brett (October 8, 2012). Between North and South: Delaware, Desegregation, and the Myth of American Sectionalism. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-0797-2.
    • Levingston, Steven; Dyson, Michael (2019). Barack and Joe: The Making of an Extraordinary Partnership. Hachette. ISBN 978-0-316-48788-7.
    • Mayer, Jane; Abramson, Jill (1994). Strange Justice: The Selling of Clarence Thomas. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0-395-63318-2.
    • Moritz, Charles, ed. (1987). Current Biography Yearbook 1987. New York: H. W. Wilson Company.
    • Wolffe, Richard (2009). Renegade: The Making of a President. New York: Crown Publishers. ISBN 978-0-307-46312-8.
    • Taylor, Paul (1990). See How They Run: Electing the President in an Age of Mediaocracy. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-394-57059-4.
    • Witcover, Jules (2010). Joe Biden: A Life of Trial and Redemption. New York City: William Morrow. ISBN 978-0-06-179198-7.

    External links

    Library resources about
    Joe Biden
    • Online books
    • Resources in your library
    • Resources in other libraries
    By Joe Biden
    • Online books
    • Resources in your library
    • Resources in other libraries

    Official

    • President Joe Biden official website
    • Presidential campaign website
    • Obama White House biography (archived)
    • Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
    • Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
    • Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress

    Other

    • Appearances on C-SPAN
    • Joe Biden at Curlie
    • "Joe Biden collected news and commentary". The New York Times.
    • Joe Biden at On the Issues
    • Joe Biden at PolitiFact
    • Profile at Vote Smart
    Joe Biden at Wikipedia's sister projects:
    Definitions from Wiktionary
    Media from Commons
    News from Wikinews
    Quotations from Wikiquote
    Texts from Wikisource
    Data from Wikidata
    Portals:
    Biography
    Catholicism
    Law
    Liberalism
    Politics
    United States
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Joe_Biden&oldid=1065116630"
Joe Biden
  • Is Biden's age'interfering with his ability to serve effectively as president?

    The poll found that 53 percent of respondents believed that Biden's age is "interfering with his ability to serve effectively as president," but there was a significant partisan divide on the question. Kevin McCarthy Speech—Five Bizarre Moments You Might Have Missed

    The majority of Americans believe President Joe Biden's age is interfering with his ability to do his job as president, according to a poll from Fox News conducted this week.

    Biden is the oldest person ever to serve as president and will turn 79 on November 20. He will be 81 years old during the next presidential election in 2024.

    The poll found that 53 percent of respondents believed that Biden's age is "interfering with his ability to serve effectively as president," but there was a significant partisan divide on the question.

    The poll asked respondents for their views on whether Biden's age is interfering with his job performance "regardless of whether you voted for him" and 40 percent of respondents replied that it is not.

    Seven percent said they didn't know if Biden's age was affecting his ability to serve.

    The survey was conducted from November 14 to 17 among 1,003 registered voters and has a margin of error of 3 percent.

    Fox News polling is now conducted under the direction of Beacon Research and Shaw & Company Research and enjoys an A rating from poll tracker FiveThirtyEight - one of the highest ratings it gives.

    There has often been speculation about Biden's age and mental acuity, particularly among some of his Republican critics, and suggestions that he may choose not to run for a second term due to his age.

    The Fox News poll found that views about Biden's age differ starkly across party lines, with 80 percent of Republicans saying his age interferes with his ability to do his job against 15 percent who said it didn't and 5 percent who said they didn't know.

    By contrast, just 28 percent of Democratic respondents said Biden's age was interfering with his job performance, while 63 percent said it wasn't and 9 percent didn't know.

    One potentially worrying finding for Biden may be the views of independent voters, 49 percent of whom said his age was interfering with his ability to do his job. Forty-five percent of independents said it wasn't and 7 percent didn't know.

    Among Hispanic voters - another key group in any national election - 48 percent said they believed Biden's age was interfering with him doing his job, compared to 41 percent who said it wasn't and 11 percent who didn't know.

    However, those who voted for Biden overwhelmingly rejected the idea that his age was a problem. Just 28 percent of his voters said his age interferes with his job as president, while 62 percent said it didn't and 9 percent didn't know.

    Perhaps unsurprisingly, the opposite was the case for former President Donald Trump's voters, with 81 percent agreeing that Biden's age interferes with his ability to do his job, 15 percent saying it doesn't and just 5 percent answering "don't know."

    The former president is younger than Biden at 75-years-old and he will be 78 by November, 2024. He is still seen as the most likely Republican nominee at the next presidential election.

    Biden Listens to Senator Kirsten Gillibrand
    U.S. President Joe Biden listens to Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) as he participates in a bill signing ceremony for S. 1502, the “Confidentiality Opportunities for Peer Support Counseling Act or the COPS Counseling Act," in the State Dining Room of the White House on November 18, 2021, in Washington, DC. A new poll shows a majority of Americans think Biden's age interferes with his ability to serve as president. Alex Wong/Getty Images
    Majority Think Joe Biden's Age Interfering With His
  • How old is Joe Biden’s daughter?

    ‘I tell you what, look at her, she looks like she’s 19 years old, sitting there like a little lady with her legs crossed,’ Biden bizarrely continued.

    Joe Biden GIF - Find; Share on GIPHY
    Photo Credit:  Watch the little girl struggle to break free from Biden’s  grip

    TAGS: Biden, Kamala, Pedophilia, Mental Health, Physical Condition, Eligibility, Qualifications, National Security

    IMPORTANT UPDATES: 08/06/2021

    We all know that Biden was not the candidate.  I have written articles about that.  He even joked about developing some fatal disease and dying so the Kamala could take the lead.  But, now that Biden is actually in the office, how long do you think he will last?  Between his general health issues, his aging brain, and his propensity for manhandling children.  I don’t see any point in mentioning his politics or his policies because those are being dictated by someone else…

    This morning I caught a blurb on a video regarding the fact that both he and others are comparing him to Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy.  Both of these men were assassinated.  Is that a sign that there are plans to take him out??  

    If he doesn’t quit manhandling children and young ladies, he may get taken down by somebody’s father.

    WHAT DOES THIS TELL YOU ABOUT THE PEDO JOE BIDEN?

    Well, it is no wonder the elite have no issue with torturing, raping and killing little babies.  They see them as BIOHAZARDS!!  But, they are so cute… if they have to die… they think they might as well get some jollies out of them first!   So, they feel justified.  

    environmental-hazard.jpg

    spacer

    Secret Service Agents Leak Just How Bad Biden’s Condition Is…

    This is a sad, sad, update.

    Former Secret Service Agent and Conservative Commentator Dan Bongino said that secret service agents are telling him just how bad Biden’s condition is.

    Just watch how bad he is here…   This is a really good one…

    spacer

    In the following video created by Logic Before Authority,  he shares how Biden is being tied to Lincoln and Kennedy.  

    spacer
    Biden’s Christianity, Lincoln, and the Truth of Who We Are

    Both Lincoln and Biden argue hard that the remedy against mob rule and the dangerous threat of demagogic men is a rock-solid commitment to the democratic means of resolving differences.

    Joy Reid compares Biden to Lincoln, says his supporters …

    Jan 20, 2021MSNBC anchor Joy Reid on Wednesday compared President Biden to Abraham Lincoln, saying he and his voters represent a “new Americafighting in a civil war against the “old America.”. Ms …
    Sen Cory Garner Swearing In Ceremony Creepy Joe Biden
    The desk of Biden’s choice is the Resolute desk, which Caroline Kennedy and John F. Kennedy Jr. would often hide inside while their dad was at work—the same desk that has now been used in the Oval Office by eight presidents in total, including Barack Obama and Donald Trump.
    spacer
    Photo Credit
    One change the Biden administration made was to remove the military flags that had been on display during Donald Trump’s term in office.  The absent flags were first reported in the Washington Post Wednesday evening. Trump kept them near his left side against the window for years.  New photos of Biden’s makeover show they’ve been removed. Archival photos show former Presidents John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon had displayed military battle flags in the office.  (Is that reflective of the negative reception he has received from the military?)
    I know that Biden protests that he just expresses himself with his hands.  But, when you see him at events or on videos at events and witness for yourself how he hones in on the children and pulls them to him.  He arranges how and where he wants them to stand and holds them there.  He puts his hands on them and puts his face right up to theirs, sniffs their hair, and whispers who knows what to them.  IT IS CREEPY!  If he were my uncle I would stay as far away from him as possible and keep all small children protected from him.  
    Parents should be very careful about who they let lay hands on their children.  I don’t care if they are people in powerful positions.  NO ONE has a right to handle your children.  Young children do not have any developed self defenses.  They are open, honest and vulnerable.  They do not suspect anyone until they have a reason to.  They need protecting.  So even if he says, “they gave me permission” that is not valid.   
    There is something called spiritual transfer.   Laying on of hands is a well known means of transferring healing, comfort, and other spiritual benefits.  It is also a well known method of transferring evil spirits, especially to a receptive host.  Not only that, today there are many drugs that can be used to disable someone or just disable their resistance.  Those drugs can be administered with just the slightest touch.  Parents, BEWARE at all times.  ESPECIALLY BEWARE around JOE BIDEN.

    spacer

    59% Think Biden Unlikely to Finish A Four-Year Term in …

    Former Obama WH Doc: ‘Something Is Going on with Joe Biden …

    Former White House physician Dr. Ronny Jackson has issued a dire prediction about the health of presumptive potential President-elect Joe Biden and the likely installation of Biden’s running mate, Democratic Sen. Kamala Harris of California, as president.. Jackson joined the White House medical unit during the administration of former President George W. Bush.

    Poll. Do you think uncle joe got a little touchy-feely ...
    kangana_and_joe.jpg?itok=umcKosJT Kangana Ranaut says Joe Biden won’t last more than a year; Calls him ‘Gajni Biden’

    How long will Biden Last? - Eye Opening Truth
  • Biden, now 76, attacked his older opponent's age during 1972 …

    03-06-2019 · Long before the 76-year-old launched his third bid for the presidency, a 29-year-old Biden was running for Senate against the two-term incumbent, 62-year-old Sen. Cale …

    03-06-2019

    Former Vice President Joe Biden is one of the oldest candidates ever to run for president, but in 1972, he repeatedly attacked his opponent's age in order to be elected as the Delaware senator, a report found Monday.

    Long before the 76-year-old launched his third bid for the presidency, a 29-year-old Biden was running for Senate against the two-term incumbent, 62-year-old Sen. Cale Boggs, R-Md. And, his campaign made his youthfulness prominent in print ads.

    "Cale Boggs' generation dreamed of conquering polio. Joe Biden's generation dreams of conquering heroin... [Biden] understands what's happening today," one ad read as reported by CBS News. Another read, "In 1950 Cale Boggs hoped to make Americans safe from Stalin. In 1972 Joe Biden hopes to make Americans safe from criminals... We've got a new crime problem in this country. We need some new thinking."

    Sen. Joseph Biden of Delaware in 1974.

    Sen. Joseph Biden of Delaware in 1974. (Getty, File)

    Biden's campaign also used taxes to attack Boggs' age.

    "To Cale Boggs an unfair tax was the 1948 poll tax. To Joe Biden an unfair tax is the 1972 income tax... It was no different for our fathers, but they never saw the unfairness of it all," the ad read.

    Sen. Joe Biden with then-President Jimmy Carter during a fundraiser in 1978.

    Sen. Joe Biden with then-President Jimmy Carter during a fundraiser in 1978. (Getty, File)

    CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

    It wasn't just in print ads that Biden scrutinized Boggs for his age. The young Democrat told the press that Boggs "lost that twinkle in his eyes" and that he's "just not a fighter." He even spread rumors that he would retire two years after his reelection.

    Nearly 50 years later, Biden's age is now being scrutinized by 72-year-old President Trump, who repeatedly has referred to the former vice president as "Sleepy Joe." Meantime, a fellow Democrat, Mayor Pete Buttigieg of South Bend, Ind., called for a "new generation of leadership" in Washington.

    Year-Old Biden Spoof Emerges Anew

    28-05-2020 · Don’t be fooled by an old spoof video that has resurfaced online a year after it was first posted. The video shows a manipulated version of former Vice President Joe Biden’s …

    28-05-2020

    A year-old video spoof that manipulated a television interview to make former Vice President Joe Biden appear incoherent recently has been circulating on social media. But many of those who are posting the video have not disclosed that it was edited and intended as satire.

    Full Story

    Don’t be fooled by an old spoof video that has resurfaced online a year after it was first posted.

    The video shows a manipulated version of former Vice President Joe Biden’s appearance on ABC’s “The View” in April 2019. That month Biden officially entered the race for the Democratic nomination for president and he addressed criticism that he sometimes made women uncomfortable in their interactions with him.

    Biden is asked, “Seven women accused you of touching them without their permission. Are you sorry for what you did? Are you prepared to apologize to those women?”

    The video then splices together pauses and half-thoughts from the whole segment to make it look like that’s how he responded to the question.

    It was originally posted by the Daily Caller in a section of the site labeled “comedy,” and was clearly marked in the upper right-hand corner with the Daily Caller’s logo and the word, “comedy.” Along with the video was this text (emphasis added):

    Daily Caller, April 26, 2019: Joe Biden has a message for the public on his unwanted touching scandal — sort of.

    The former vice president sat down with the hosts of ‘The View’ to address his recent public scandals and talk about his presidential campaign.

    A thoughtful and productive conversation might have ensued … if he didn’t fall over himself stuttering. Here are some highlights of his most incoherent moments.”

    Now the video has resurfaced with little of the original context intact. The Daily Caller logo and the word “comedy” still appear in the upper right-hand corner, but nothing else is included with the social media posts to indicate that it’s a compilation video created as satire.

    In fact, some posts suggest that it’s a legitimate, unedited interview clip. One such example on Twitter, which has gotten 10,000 likes and retweets, says: “biden absolutely bombs on the view… not only can’t he get through a sentence of thought he refuses to apologize after being told exactly what to say by hosts…”

    That post has also migrated to Facebook, where it was shared with more innuendo, saying: “It’s heartwarming to witness each sentence get dismantled by the next thought in his mind.”

    Other Facebook accounts have shared the video, too, without explaining that it’s a manipulated video.

    Editor’s note: FactCheck.org is one of several organizations working with Facebook to debunk misinformation shared on social media. Our previous stories can be found here.

    Sources

    The View. “Joe Biden on Inappropriate Behavior Allegations Against Him.” YouTube. 26 Apr 2019.

    Peoples, Steve and Thomas Beaumont. “Biden enters Democratic race with strong anti-Trump theme.” Associated Press. 26 Apr 2019.

    Hayes, Christal. “Joe Biden vows to be ‘more mindful’ on same day as three more women make accusations.” USA Today. 3 Apr 2019.

    Daily Caller. “Joe Biden Can’t Keep His Thoughts Straight.” 26 Apr 2019.

    ‘You’re a damn liar’: Biden has heated exchange with ...

    05-12-2019 · The man, 83, also challenged Biden on his age, saying, “You’re damn near as old as I am. You’re too old. I’m 83 and I know damn well I don’t have the mental faculties I did …

    05-12-2019

    Politics of the Day

    Now playing

    02:57

    Joe Biden goes off on voter over Ukraine question

    Now playing

    02:57

    See Trump and Cruz reject gun reform legislation at NRA convention

    Texas Democratic gubernatorial candidate Beto O'Rourke disrupts a press conference held by Governor Greg Abbott the day after a gunman killed 19 children and two teachers at Robb Elementary school in Uvalde, Texas, U.S. May 25, 2022. REUTERS/Veronica G. Cardenas

    Now playing

    01:21

    Beto O'Rourke interrupts Gov. Abbott's news conference

    Now playing

    02:47

    Hear Republican lawmakers dismiss possibility of gun reform

    Officers stand outside Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas, on May 25, 2022. - A tight-knit Latino community in Texas was wracked with grief Wednesday after a teen in body armor marched into an elementary school and killed 19 small children and two teachers, in the latest spasm of deadly gun violence in America. (Photo by allison dinner / AFP) (Photo by ALLISON DINNER/AFP via Getty Images)

    Now playing

    03:01

    Since Sandy Hook, thousands of armed officers have been employed in schools. There's no evidence it makes a difference

    Now playing

    03:12

    Too young to buy a beer, old enough to buy a gun: A look at the nation's gun laws

    WASHINGTON, DC - APRIL 6: Georgia Democratic gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams arrives to speak during the annual North America's Building Trades Union's Legislative Conference at the Washington Hilton Hotel on April 6, 2022 in Washington, DC. North America's Building Trades Union's is a labor organization representing more than 3 million skilled craft professionals in the United States and Canada.

    Now playing

    01:49

    Stacey Abrams responds after backlash to her Georgia 'worst state' remark

    Now playing

    04:07

    'Idiots': Reed's father blames Marjorie Taylor Greene for delaying son's release

    President Joe Biden speaks during a news conference with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida at Akasaka Palace, Monday, May 23, 2022, in Tokyo. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

    Now playing

    04:04

    Avlon: By telling the truth, Biden committed a classic Washington gaffe

    Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp, left, and Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger

    Now playing

    01:06

    Trump-backed candidates lose key races in Georgia primaries

    Chris Murphy shooting

    Now playing

    02:00

    'What are we doing?!': Senator furious on floor over elementary school shooting

    Now playing

    01:20

    'He made it racial': Van Jones reacts to David Perdue's Stacey Abrams attack

    Now playing

    02:28

    CNN analyst reacts to Kemp's words about Trump

    Now playing

    03:21

    WaPo: Ginni Thomas made personal appeals to overturn Biden's win

    President Joe Biden speaks during a news conference with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida at Akasaka Palace, Monday, May 23, 2022, in Tokyo. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

    Now playing

    02:24

    Biden says US willing to respond 'militarily' in event of Chinese attack on Taiwan

    U.S. Rep. Madison Cawthorn, R-N.C., speaks to supporters and the media at his primary election night watch party in Hendersonville, N.C., Tuesday, May 17, 2022. (AP Photo/Nell Redmond)

    Now playing

    02:45

    'Dark MAGA': Madison Cawthorn makes 'bizarre' vow on social media

    CNN  — 

    Joe Biden grew visibly frustrated with an audience member at a campaign event on Thursday, calling the man a liar and challenging him to a push-up contest when the man asked about his son and said the former vice president was too old.

    The audience member, who asked the question during a stop on Biden’s Iowa bus tour in New Hampton, accused Biden of “selling access to the President,” referring to Biden’s son, Hunter, who served on the board of a Ukrainian gas company while his father was vice president. Hunter Biden said recently he used “poor judgment” in serving on the board while his father was pushing anti-corruption measures in Ukraine on behalf of the US government, but added that he didn’t do anything improper. There is no evidence of wrongdoing by either Joe or Hunter Biden.

    The man accused Biden of sending his “son over there, to get a job and work for a gas company, that he had no experience with gas, nothing.”

    “You’re a damn liar, man, that’s not true,” Biden responded. “And no one has ever said that, no one has proved that.”

    After the man pushed back again, Biden replied, “You said I set up my son to work for an oil company, isn’t that what you said? Get your words straight, Jack!”

    The man, 83, also challenged Biden on his age, saying, “You’re damn near as old as I am. You’re too old. I’m 83 and I know damn well I don’t have the mental faculties I did when I was 30 years old.”

    Biden replied by challenging the man to do push-ups or take an IQ test with him: “If you want to take my shape, let’s do push-ups together, let’s run, let’s do whatever you want to do. Let’s take an IQ test.”

    The terse exchange ended with the man saying he wouldn’t vote for Biden, who replied that he knew he wouldn’t. Biden called the voter “too old” to vote for him.

    “Well, I knew you weren’t, man. You think I thought you’d stand up and vote for me. You’re too old to vote for me,” said Biden.

    The man, a retired farmer who refused to provide his name to reporters, told Biden at the end of the exchange, “It looks like you don’t have any more backbone than Trump has” as the audience audibly groaned.

    Asked by CNN’s Jessica Dean if he finds himself getting frustrated having to repeatedly address the allegations against Hunter, Biden replied that there is a “competing instinct.”

    “I have overwhelming respect and love for my son and I find myself occasionally getting frustrated at assertions being made that just are simply not accurate… but as my son would say – ‘Dad just keep your cool, just don’t let it get to you.’ And I’m not – I’m just not going to let myself respond to the kind of assertions Trump is making because that’s just playing into his game,” Biden said.

    He downplayed the exchange, denying having lost his temper with the audience member and said instead that all he wanted to do was “shut it down.” Biden acknowledged that the general election will be “meaner” in terms of attacks on his family.

    “I was kidding,” Biden said during a gaggle afterward. “He turned around, he said, ‘Look, you’re too old,’ and he was talking about me and I tried to joke him and said, you wanna do push ups? Wanna run? Let’s see what you do.. Wanna take any tests? I mean, and then he went at me again and I said you’re too old to vote anyway for me.”

    nationalreview.com

    The university should take a deep breath and rethink whether appeasing the mob is worth the reputational damage to a nearly 300-year-old institution. The Editors The U.S. …

    N. Korea Launches Ballistic Missiles After Biden Leaves Asia

    25-05-2022 · 18 hours ago · North Korea launched three ballistic missiles toward the sea on Wednesday, its neighbors said, hours after President Joe Biden wrapped up his trip to Asia where he …

    25-05-2022

    North Korea launched three ballistic missiles toward the sea on Wednesday, its neighbors said, hours after President Joe Biden wrapped up his trip to Asia where he reaffirmed U.S. commitment to defend its allies in the face of the North’s growing nuclear threat.

    The North’s first missile launches in about two weeks also came as the country makes a much-disputed claim that its first domestic COVID-19 outbreak is weakening.

    South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff said in a statement that all three missiles were fired from near Pyongyang and flew toward waters off the North’s eastern coast one after another between 6 a.m. and 7 a.m. on Wednesday.

    It said South Korea subsequently boosted its surveillance posture and maintained a military readiness in close coordination with the United States. South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol separately called a National Security Council meeting to discuss the North’s launches, his office said.

    The U.S. Indo-Pacific Command said the missile launches highlight “the destabilizing impact of (North Korea’s) illicit weapons program” though they didn’t pose an immediate threat to U.S. territory and its allies. A command statement said the U.S. commitment to the defense of the South Korea and Japan “remains ironclad.”

    The White House said Biden has been briefed on the North Korean missile launches and will continue to be briefed as information develops.

    Japanese Defense Minister Nobuo Kishi said the launches were “an act of provocation and absolutely impermissible.” He accused North Korea of pressing ahead with its weapons development program while “ignoring the people’s suffering amid the spread of the coronavirus in the country.”

    Kishi said one missile reached a maximum altitude of 550 kilometers (340 miles) while traveling 300 kilometers (186 miles), while another one flew 750 kilometers (470 miles) on a lower apogee of 50 kilometers (30 miles), before both landed outside Japan’s exclusive economic zone.

    The launches were North Korea’s 17th round of missile firings this year. Experts have said North Korea’s testing is aimed at modernizing its weapons arsenal and at applying pressure on its rivals to wrest sanctions relief and other concessions amid long-dormant nuclear diplomacy.

    North Korea’s unusual pace in weapons tests this year included its first test of an intercontinental ballistic missile since 2017 in March. U.S. and South Korean intelligence officials have said North Korea could soon conduct its first nuclear test in nearly five years as well.

    After their summit in Seoul on Saturday, Biden and Yoon said they would consider expanded military exercises to deter North Korean nuclear threats.

    Biden brushed aside questions about any possible provocation by North Korea during his trip, saying, “We are prepared for anything North Korea does.” Asked if he had a message for the North’s leader, Kim Jong Un, Biden offered a clipped response: “Hello. Period.”

    After his meetings in Seoul, Biden traveled to Japan and met with Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, where the leaders vowed to work closely to address security challenges, including North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic programs, and also what they called China’s “increasingly coercive” behavior in the region.

    Hours before the North’s missile launches, U.S. State Department spokesperson Ned Price told reporters in Washington that North Korea may be on the verge of a major weapons test. “Our concern for another potential provocation, be it an ICBM (intercontinental ballistic missile) launch, be a potential seventh nuclear weapons test, our concern has not abated in any way,” he said.

    Before Wednesday’s launches, North Korea’s most recent missile tests occurred hours after the country on May 12 acknowledged its COVID-19 outbreak on its soil, after maintaining a widely disputed claim to be coronavirus-free for more than two years.

    The country has said in the past few days that there has been “a positive sign” in its anti-virus campaign. Some observers predicted that North Korea would soon resume its missile tests.

    Since its admission of the outbreak of the highly contagious omicron variant, North Korea has said an unidentified fever has been spreading across the country since late April. It has stated how many people have fevers daily but identified just a fraction of the cases as COVID-19.

    On Wednesday, North Korea’s state media said 115,970 more people fell ill due to feverish symptoms in the past 24-hour period but there was no additional death. It’s the second consecutive day that North Korea has claimed no fatality.

    It said its total fever cases reached about 3 million people but only 68 of them died, an extremely low fatality rate if the illness is COVID-19 as suspected.

    North Korea has limited testing capability for that many sick people, but some experts say it is also likely underreporting mortalities to prevent possible political damage on Kim.

    North Korea has so far ignored South Korean and U.S. offers of humanitarian shipments of vaccines, medicines and other support items. Much of North Korea’s 26 million people remain unvaccinated and the country’s once-free socialist public health care system has been in shambles for decades.

    (AP)

    How old will Biden and Trump during the 2024 US ...

    20-11-2021 · How old will Joe Biden and Donald Trump be when the 2024 US presidential election takes place? When the next US presidential election takes place on November 5, 2024, incumbent president Joe Biden will be 81 years old. He will also be just 15 days away from turning 82. Meanwhile, his predicted challenger Donald J. Trump will be 77.

    20-11-2021

    When the next US presidential election takes place on November 5, 2024, incumbent president Joe Biden will be 81 years old. He will also be just 15 days away from turning 82.

    Meanwhile, his predicted challenger Donald J. Trump will be 77.

    biden and trumps age in 2024

    If a healthy male reaches the age of 60 in the United States, his life expectancy is 75.6.

    This means that if these two men do happen to contest the 2024 election, then it will be the first year in history where both candidates are above the national average life expectancy.

    Odds of dying before the next election.

    Using an interim life table, we calculated the odds of each candidate dying before 2024.

    According to the odds, Biden has a 1 in 8 chance of passing away before he reaches the age of 81, whereas Trump has 1 in 12 chance of dying before he reaches the age of 77.

    Their ages after leaving office in 2029.

    If Biden wins the next election and manages to complete his second term, he will be 86 years old by the time he leaves office in January of 2029.

    If we look at the odds, Biden has a 50% chance of living to that age.

    On the other hand, if Trump retakes the White House and finishes a second term, he will be 82 in 2029. Judging by the interim life table, Trump has a 66% chance of living that long.

    Despite the health concerns, older presidential candidates have an advantage.

    Over the past couple of years, there has been plenty of discussion about the age of US presidential candidates.

    More specifically, there have been worries that old age may negatively impact the abilities of a serving president.

    For example, the impact of a stressful campaign on an older politician became a major topic of conversation in 2019 after Democratic Party challenger Bernie Sanders suffered a heart attack.

    There is no doubt that elderly politicians find it easier to get into a position of power in the United States than other age groups.

    This is because most of them have had lengthy political careers. In other words, they have been in the limelight for decades and are highly recognizable to voters.

    Many voters also associate aging with characteristics such as wisdom and experience.

    Joe Biden is the oldest US president in history.

    When Biden took office in 2020, he was 78 years old. This makes him the oldest US president in history by a sizable difference.

    Before that, Donald Trump was the oldest president to take office. During his inauguration in January of 2017, Trump was 70 years of age.

    This means that the last two presidents to take office were both in their seventies. Furthermore, they were the only two presidents in history to do so.

    Before that, the only presidents to be inaugurated after the age of 70 were Reagan and Eisenhower, and that was for their second terms.

    Joe Biden turns 79, setting record for oldest US president

    20-11-2021 · Biden was two months past his 78th birthday when he took the oath of office in January, breaking the record previously held by Ronald Reagan, who was 77 …

    20-11-2021

    President Biden spent a quiet Saturday at his Wilmington, Del. home as he celebrated his 79th birthday – and set a record, again, as America’s oldest president ever.

    But with half of all registered voters expressing concern about Biden’s physical and mental fitness, speculation that he may not run for re-election is increasing.

    “I find it implausible that at the age of 82 the Democrats would nominate him for a second term,” Republican strategist Karl Rove told The Post. “Particularly given where he is as he nears the end of his first year in office.”

    The RealClear Politics polling average pegs Biden’s approval rating at just 41 percent, with 53 percent disapproval, reflecting voter dismay over his handling of the economy and the coronavirus pandemic.

    Meanwhile, a Politico/Morning Consult poll this week found that 48 percent of Americans think that Biden is mentally unfit for his job, with only 40 percent saying that he is in good physical health.

    “When you watch Biden, you get a sense that he’s just missing a beat, that he’s not what he once was,” GOP pollster Neil Newhouse told Politico. “Voters are picking up on it.”

    President Joe Biden.
    A new poll states that half of all voters are concerned about President Biden’s physical and mental health.
    Jemal Countess/UPI/Shutterstock

    Biden was two months past his 78th birthday when he took the oath of office in January, breaking the record previously held by Ronald Reagan, who was 77 years and 349 days old when George H.W. Bush succeeded him in 1989.

    Both have several years on the nation’s next oldest presidents: Donald Trump, 74 when he left office; Dwight D. Eisenhower, 70; and Andrew Jackson, 69 when he departed the White House in 1837, according to History.com.

    And while Biden’s physician released a six-page report Friday attesting that the president is “fit to successfully execute the duties” of his job — despite a stiffening gait caused by spinal arthritis and a nagging cough — voter sentiment about his health could become a liability for the Democratic Party.

    “We may see a large field of competitors for the nomination” if Biden’s “senior moments” worsen, political scientist Paul Quirk told Newsweek Saturday.

    Joe Biden's Age: How Old Is President Joe Biden?

    20-08-2021 · Joe Biden is an American politician. He has served as the Vice President of the United States since 2009, and in 1973 he was elected to the Senate from Delaware. However, how old is Joe Biden? As of today, joe Biden’s age is 78 years old! And the current President Of The United States Of America. Biden was born and raised in Pennsylvania. He then studied at the University of Delaware. Biden got his law degree …

    20-08-2021

    Joe Biden's Age

    Joe Biden is an American politician. He has served as the Vice President of the United States since 2009, and in 1973 he was elected to the Senate from Delaware. However, how old is Joe Biden? As of today, joe Biden’s age is 78 years old! And the current President Of The United States Of America.

    Biden was born and raised in Pennsylvania. He then studied at the University of Delaware. Biden got his law degree from Syracuse University in 1968.

    Joe Biden was born on November 20, 1942, in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Born to Catherine Eugenia “Jean” (née Finnegan) and Joseph Robinette Biden Sr., he was the first of four children born stateside during World War II.
    He graduated from Archmere Academy in Claymont, Delaware.

    In 1967, after two years as a public defender, Biden married Neilia Hunter. They had three children together: Robert (“Beau”), Naomi Christina (“Della”), and Ashley Blazer (named for Ashley Wilkes’s wife in Gone with the Wind).

    Senator Biden was elected to the New Castle County Council in 1970, and he became the youngest U.S. Senator of Delaware after he won the 1972 election at age 29.


    Biden’s Senate record includes chairmanship of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and oversight over U.S. foreign policy during Obama’s administration.

    He chaired the Senate Judiciary Committee from 1987 to 1995. He was in charge of dealing with drug policy, crime prevention, and civil liberties issues. He also led the effort to pass the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act and the Violence Against Women Act while overseeing six U.S. Supreme Court nominations.

    In 2017, Joe Biden became the oldest person to run for president of the United States; he is also one of only two sitting members of Congress who have been elected U.S. vice president and president (the other being John Adams). He was seen as a frontrunner in early polls because his moderate politics had broad appeal with Democrats, centrist Republicans, and independents.

    Joe Biden’s age has become an essential topic throughout his campaign due to concerns that he might be too old for office at 78 years old; however, most Americans don’t seem bothered by it given they want someone experienced and practical rather than younger candidates like Bernie Sanders or Elizabeth Warren who are perceived as more idealist but less likely to win power against Trump 2020.

    Senator Biden has authored and sponsored legislation to eliminate racial segregation in schools; reform the terrorism-insurance market (2005 Terrorism Risk Insurance Act); provide a patient’s bill of rights for those insured by HMOs; help America’s inner cities (1994 Crime Bill), end pollution from coal plants that cross state lines; break up media conglomerates so that there are not too many outlets under one ownership(1990 Cable T.V. Debut Act); create more jobs with tax credits for employers who hire local workers on public works projects (1993 Local Jobs Tax Cut Law).

    Biden was the Democratic nominee in 1988 and 2008, and he has been elected six times to the U.S. Senate. In 2008 he became Barack Obama’s vice president after winning the election against John McCain and Sarah Palin in that year’s presidential race.

    In eight years as vice president, Biden leaned on his Senate experience and often negotiated with congressional Republicans.

    This included successful talks in 2011 about the Budget Control Act of 2011, which resolved a debt ceiling crisis, and in 2012 for the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 addressed the impending “fiscal cliff.”

    Joe Biden has championed infrastructure spending to counteract the Great Recession of 2009 and withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq in 2011.In 2012, Obama and Biden were re-elected, defeating Mitt Romney, Paul Ryan. In 2017, Barack Obama awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Vice President Joe Biden.

    Joe Biden and his running mate Kamala Harris defeated incumbent president Donald Trump and vice president Mike Pence in the 2020 presidential election. Biden is the oldest elected president, serving with the first female Vice President from Delaware, and is a Catholic after John F. Kennedy.

    The President was busy with the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 to help recover from COVID-19 and the recession. He also had a series of executive orders.

    Biden reversed several Trump administration policies, including rejoining the Paris Agreement on climate change and accepting new applications for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals recipients.

    Biden wanted to withdraw U.S. troops from Afghanistan. Trump wanted the troops to stay in Afghanistan. The Afghan government fell before Biden’s plan was complete, and the Taliban seized control.

    Devastating 30-Year-Old Video Shows Biden Being Caught ...

    01-02-2020 · And in the last clip of the video, the former VP claims that he went “to law school on a full academic scholarship,” “ended up in the top half my class” and was the “outstanding student” in the political science department. He also claimed to …

    01-02-2020

    Former Vice President Joe Biden is facing many issues in his campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination, including the dealings of his son Hunter Biden in Ukraine. And now he is looking at another scandal.

    It is an old scandal, one that knocked him out of the 1988 presidential race, but it has reared its head again and it appears to show he is a stone-cold liar.

    A video from 1987 shared by progressive activist and rabble-rouser Shaun King shows the then-senator during his first presidential campaign plagiarizing other liberal thought leaders.

    When running for office, @JoeBiden does not just have gaffes or embellishments, he creates wildly fictional storylines about his life and work that simply are not true.

    These are lies. And he tells them to get votes and build a rep he has not earned.pic.twitter.com/FUjALdqA3C

    — Shaun King (@shaunking) January 30, 2020

    The first part of an old news report highlights how Biden appeared to use the exact words of Neil Kinnock, a British Labour Party leader.

    Comparing the speeches, it is tough to imagine that these two men had the exact same thoughts.

    And since Kinnock made his speech before Biden made his, there is no way the Labour Party leader was the plagiarizer.

    In fact, Biden admits to using Kinnock’s words in a later clip included in the video.

    Do you think Biden is fit to be president?

    “Why am I the first Kinnock in a thousand generations to be able to get to university? Why is Glenys [Kinnock’s wife] the first woman in her family in a thousand generations to be able to get to university? Was it because all our predecessors were thick?” Kinnock said in a 1987 campaign speech and commercial, according to The New York Times.

    “Did they lack talent? Those people who could sing and play and recite and write poetry? Those people who could make wonderful beautiful things with their hands? Those people who could dream dreams, see visions? Why didn’t they get it? Was it because they were weak? Those people who could work eight hours underground and then come up and play football? Weak?” he continued in the speech.

    “Does anybody really think that they didn’t get what we had because they didn’t have the talent or the strength or the endurance or the commitment? Of course not. It was because there was no platform upon which they could stand.”

    Now take a look at Biden’s speech — the one he presumably wanted the audience to believe he thought about on that very same day.

    “I started thinking as I was coming over here, why is it that Joe Biden is the first in his family ever to go to a university? Why is it that my wife who is sitting out there in the audience is the first in her family to ever go to college? Is it because our fathers and mothers were not bright? Is it because I’m the first Biden in a thousand generations to get a college and a graduate degree that I was smarter than the rest?” Biden said during a speech at the 1987 Iowa State Fair.

    “Those same people who read poetry and wrote poetry and taught me how to sing verse? Is it because they didn’t work hard? My ancestors, who worked in the coal mines of Northeast Pennsylvania and would come up after 12 hours and play football for four hours?” he said.

    “No, it’s not because they weren’t as smart. It’s not because they didn’t work as hard. It’s because they didn’t have a platform upon which to stand,” he said.

    The video goes on to show Biden appearing to copy a speech from Robert Kennedy describing things which, he said, the gross national product cannot measure, NBC reported.

    “This standard is not a measure of how we can evaluate the condition of our society, it cannot measure the health of our children, the quality of our education, the joy of their play,” Biden said, according to NBC News.

    Gosh, that is moving. Think about the children and their health and the joy of their play. Beautiful words. But not original.

    “The gross national product does not allow for the health of our children, the quality of their education or the joy of their play,” Kennedy said on March 18, 1968.

    Later in King’s clip, Biden admits to plagiarizing five pages from someone else when he was in law school without accreditation.

    And in the last clip of the video, the former VP claims that he went “to law school on a full academic scholarship,” “ended up in the top half my class” and was the “outstanding student” in the political science department. He also claimed to have graduated with three degrees.

    The entire thing was a lie, as he later admitted he did not graduate in the top half of his class, was not named outstanding student and did not attain three degrees.

    He went to school on a half scholarship, graduated near the bottom of his class (ranking 76 out of 85) and got only one degree, newscasters relate in the clip.

    “I’ve done some dumb things and I’ll do dumb things again,” Biden said at the time. The truest words he has ever spoken.

    This is who Biden is: a man who will say and do anything to get elected. And you don’t have to believe us. Just listen to his own words.

    Joe Biden

    11-01-2022 · "Joe Biden, who left Scranton at 10, 'deserted' Pennsylvania". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 7, 2021. ^ Ebert, Jennifer (January 20, 2021). "Joe Biden's houses". Homes and Gardens. Retrieved September 18, 2021. ^ Newman, Meredith (June 24, 2019). "How Joe Biden went from 'Stutterhead' to senior class president". News Journal.

    11-01-2022
    46th president of the United States since 2021
    "Joseph Biden" and "Biden" redirect here. For his late son Joseph Biden III, see Beau Biden. For other uses, see Biden (disambiguation).
    Joe Biden presidential portrait.jpg
    Joe Biden
    Official portrait, 2021
    46th President of the United States
    Incumbent
    Assumed office
    January 20, 2021Vice PresidentKamala HarrisPreceded byDonald Trump47th Vice President of the United StatesIn office
    January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017PresidentBarack ObamaPreceded byDick CheneySucceeded byMike PenceUnited States Senator
    from DelawareIn office
    January 3, 1973 – January 15, 2009Preceded byJ. Caleb BoggsSucceeded byTed Kaufman Personal detailsBorn
    Joseph Robinette Biden Jr.

    (1942-11-20) November 20, 1942 (age 79)
    Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S.Political partyDemocratic (1969–present)Other political
    affiliationsIndependent (before 1969)Spouse(s)
    Neilia Hunter
    (m. 1966; died 1972)
    Jill Jacobs
    (m. 1977)
    Children
    • Beau
    • Hunter
    • Naomi
    • Ashley
    Parent(s)
    • Joseph Robinette Biden Sr.
    • Catherine Eugenia Finnegan
    RelativesBiden familyAlma mater
    • University of Delaware (BA)
    • Syracuse University (JD)
    Occupation
    • Politician
    • lawyer
    • author
    AwardsList of honors and awardsSignatureWebsite
    • Campaign website
    • White House website
    Other offices
    • 2007–2009: Chair of the International Narcotics Control Caucus
    • 2001[n 1]–2003, 2007–2009: Chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
    • 1987–1995: Chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee

    Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. (/ˈbdən/ BY-dən; born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who is the 46th and current president of the United States. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 47th vice president from 2009 to 2017 under Barack Obama and represented Delaware in the United States Senate from 1973 to 2009.

    Biden was born and raised in Scranton, Pennsylvania, moving with his family to New Castle County, Delaware in 1953 when he was ten. He studied at the University of Delaware before earning his law degree from Syracuse University in 1968. He was elected to the New Castle County Council in 1970 and became the sixth-youngest senator in U.S. history after he was elected to the United States Senate from Delaware in 1972, at age 29. Biden was the chair or ranking member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee for 12 years and was influential in foreign affairs during Obama's presidency. He also chaired the Senate Judiciary Committee from 1987 to 1995, dealing with drug policy, crime prevention, and civil liberties issues; led the effort to pass the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act and the Violence Against Women Act; and oversaw six U.S. Supreme Court confirmation hearings, including the contentious hearings for Robert Bork and Clarence Thomas. He ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 and 2008. Biden was reelected to the Senate six times and was the fourth-most senior sitting senator at the time when he became Obama's vice president after they won the 2008 presidential election, defeating John McCain and his running mate Sarah Palin. Obama and Biden were reelected in 2012, defeating Mitt Romney and his running mate Paul Ryan.

    During eight years as vice president, Biden leaned on his Senate experience and frequently represented the administration in negotiations with congressional Republicans, including on the Budget Control Act of 2011, which resolved a debt ceiling crisis, and the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, which addressed the impending "fiscal cliff". He also oversaw infrastructure spending in 2009 to counteract the Great Recession. On foreign policy, Biden was a close counselor to the president and took a leading role in designing the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq in 2011. In 2017, Obama awarded Biden the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Distinction.

    Biden and his running mate Kamala Harris defeated incumbent president Donald Trump and vice president Mike Pence in the 2020 presidential election. Biden is the oldest president, the first to have a female vice president, the first from Delaware, and the second Catholic after John F. Kennedy. His early presidential activity centered around proposing, lobbying for, and signing into law the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 to help the United States recover from the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing recession, as well as a series of executive orders. Biden's orders addressed the pandemic and reversed several Trump administration policies, including rejoining the Paris Agreement on climate change and accepting new applications for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) recipients, although a federal judge blocked the latter. Biden completed the withdrawal of all U.S. troops from Afghanistan by September 2021; during this, the Afghan government fell and the Taliban seized control, causing Biden to face criticism over the manner of withdrawal, with allegations of poor planning. Biden proposed the Build Back Better Plan, aspects of which were incorporated into the bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, which Biden signed into law in November 2021.

    Early life (1942–1965)

    Joe Biden presidential portrait (cropped).jpg
    This article is part of
    a series about
    Joe Biden
    • Political positions
    • Electoral history
    • Early life and career
    • Eponyms
    • Family
    • Honors
    • Overview
    • Public image
    U.S. Senator from Delaware
    • Senate Judiciary Committee
      • Supreme Court hearings
        • Robert Bork
        • Clarence Thomas
      • 1994 Crime Bill
      • Violence Against Women Act
    • Senate Foreign Relations Committee
    47th Vice President of the United States
    • Transition
    • Tenure
    • Obama administration
      • first inauguration
      • second inauguration
    • Economic policy
      • Great Recession response
      • 2010 Tax Relief Act
      • 2011 debt-ceiling crisis response
      • fiscal cliff response
    • Foreign policy
    • Task forces
      • Gun Violence
      • Protect Students from Sexual Assault
      • Women and Girls
    46th President of the United States
    Incumbent
    • Presidency
      • timeline
    • Transition
      • COVID-19 Advisory Board
    • Inauguration
    • Executive actions
      • proclamations
    • Trips
      • international
      • 2021
      • 2022
    • Geneva summit
    • COVID-19 pandemic
    Appointments
    • Cabinet
    • Ambassadors
    • Federal judges
    • Executive Office
    • U.S. Attorneys
    Policies
    • COVID-19
      • WH Response Team
    • Economy
      • 2021 Rescue
    • Electoral/ethics
    • Environment
    • Foreign policy
      • Afghanistan withdrawal
      • AUKUS
    • Immigration
      • U.S.–Mexico border crisis
    • Build Back Better
    • Social issues
      • cannabis
    Presidential campaigns
    • 1988
      • primaries
    • 2008
      • primaries
    • 2020
      • primaries
      • sexual assault allegation
      • Ukraine conspiracy theory
      • convention
      • debates
      • election
      • endorsements
        • primary
        • celebrity
        • organizations
        • Congress
        • state and territorial officials
        • municipal officials
      • vice presidential selection
    Vice presidential campaigns
    • 2008
      • selection
      • convention
      • election
    • 2012
      • convention
      • election
    Published works
    • Promises to Keep
    • Promise Me, Dad
    Seal of the President of the United States
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Main article: Early life and career of Joe Biden
    See also: Family of Joe Biden
    Biden at Archmere Academy in the 1950s

    Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. was born on November 20, 1942,[1] at St. Mary's Hospital in Scranton, Pennsylvania,[2] to Catherine Eugenia "Jean" Biden (née Finnegan) and Joseph Robinette Biden Sr.[3][4] The oldest child in a Catholic family, he has a sister, Valerie, and two brothers, Francis and James.[5] Jean was of Irish descent,[6][7][8] while Joseph Sr. had English, French, and Irish ancestry.[9][8]

    Biden's father had been wealthy, but suffered financial setbacks around the time Biden was born,[10][11][12] and for several years the family lived with Biden's maternal grandparents.[13] Scranton fell into economic decline during the 1950s and Biden's father could not find steady work.[14] Beginning in 1953 when Biden was ten,[15] the family lived an apartment in Claymont, Delaware, before moving to a house in nearby Mayfield.[16][17][11][13] Biden Sr. later became a successful used-car salesman, maintaining the family in a middle-class lifestyle.[13][14][18]

    At Archmere Academy in Claymont,[19] Biden played baseball and was a standout halfback and wide receiver on the high school football team.[13][20] Though a poor student, he was class president in his junior and senior years.[21][22] He graduated in 1961.[21] At the University of Delaware in Newark, Biden briefly played freshman football[23][24] and, as an unexceptional student,[25] earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1965 with a double major in history and political science, and a minor in English.[26][27]

    Biden has a stutter, which has improved since his early twenties.[28] He says he reduced it by reciting poetry before a mirror,[22][29] but some observers suggested it affected his performance in the 2020 Democratic Party presidential debates.[30][31][32]

    Marriages, law school, and early career (1966–1972)

    Main article: Early career of Joe Biden

    On August 27, 1966, Biden married Neilia Hunter (1942–1972), a student at Syracuse University,[26] after overcoming her parents' reluctance for her to wed a Roman Catholic; the ceremony was held in a Catholic church in Skaneateles, New York.[33] They had three children: Joseph R. "Beau" Biden III (1969–2015), Robert Hunter Biden (born 1970), and Naomi Christina "Amy" Biden (1971–1972).[26]

    Biden in the Syracuse 1968 yearbook

    In 1968, Biden earned a Juris Doctor from Syracuse University College of Law, ranked 76th in his class of 85, after failing a course due to an acknowledged "mistake" when he plagiarized a law review article for a paper he wrote in his first year at law school.[25] He was admitted to the Delaware bar in 1969.[1]

    Biden had not openly supported or opposed the Vietnam War until he ran for Senate and opposed Nixon's conduct of the war.[34] While studying at the University of Delaware and Syracuse University, Biden obtained five student draft deferments, at a time when most draftees were sent to the Vietnam War. In 1968, based on a physical examination, he was given a conditional medical deferment; in 2008, a spokesperson for Biden said his having had "asthma as a teenager" was the reason for the deferment.[35]

    In 1968, Biden clerked at a Wilmington law firm headed by prominent local Republican William Prickett and, he later said, "thought of myself as a Republican".[36][37] He disliked incumbent Democratic Delaware governor Charles L. Terry's conservative racial politics and supported a more liberal Republican, Russell W. Peterson, who defeated Terry in 1968.[36] Biden was recruited by local Republicans but registered as an Independent because of his distaste for Republican presidential candidate Richard Nixon.[36]

    In 1969, Biden practiced law first as a public defender and then at a firm headed by a locally active Democrat[38][36] who named him to the Democratic Forum, a group trying to reform and revitalize the state party;[39] Biden subsequently reregistered as a Democrat.[36] He and another attorney also formed a law firm.[38]Corporate law, however, did not appeal to him, and criminal law did not pay well.[13] He supplemented his income by managing properties.[40]

    In 1970, Biden ran for the 4th district seat on the New Castle County Council on a liberal platform that included support for public housing in the suburbs.[41][38][42] The seat had been held by Republican Henry R. Folsom, who was running in the 5th District following a reapportionment of council districts.[43][44][45] Biden won the general election by defeating Republican Lawrence T. Messick, and took office on January 5, 1971.[46][47] He served until January 1, 1973, and was succeeded by Democrat Francis R. Swift.[48][49][50][51] During his time on the county council, Biden opposed large highway projects, which he argued might disrupt Wilmington neighborhoods.[52]

    1972 U.S. Senate campaign in Delaware

    Main article: 1972 United States Senate election in Delaware
    Results of the 1972 U.S. Senate election in Delaware

    In 1972, Biden defeated Republican incumbent J. Caleb Boggs to become the junior U.S. senator from Delaware. He was the only Democrat willing to challenge Boggs.[38] With minimal campaign funds, he was given no chance of winning.[13] Family members managed and staffed the campaign, which relied on meeting voters face-to-face and hand-distributing position papers,[53] an approach made feasible by Delaware's small size.[40] He received help from the AFL–CIO and Democratic pollster Patrick Caddell.[38] His platform focused on the environment, withdrawal from Vietnam, civil rights, mass transit, equitable taxation, health care, and public dissatisfaction with "politics as usual".[38][53] A few months before the election, Biden trailed Boggs by almost thirty percentage points,[38] but his energy, attractive young family, and ability to connect with voters' emotions worked to his advantage,[18] and he won with 50.5 percent of the vote.[53] At the time of his election, he was still 29 years old, but reached the constitutionally required age of 30 before he was sworn in as Senator.[54]

    Death of wife and daughter

    On December 18, 1972, a few weeks after the election, Biden's wife Neilia and one-year-old daughter Naomi were killed in an automobile accident while Christmas shopping in Hockessin, Delaware.[26][55] Neilia's station wagon was hit by a semi-trailer truck as she pulled out from an intersection. Their sons Beau (aged 3) and Hunter (aged 2) survived the accident and were taken to the hospital in fair condition, Beau with a broken leg and other wounds and Hunter with a minor skull fracture and other head injuries.[56] Biden considered resigning to care for them,[18] but Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield persuaded him not to.[57]

    Years later, Biden said he had heard that the truck driver allegedly drank alcohol before the collision. The driver's family denied that claim, and the police never substantiated it. Biden later apologized to the family.[58][59][60][61][62] The accident had filled him with anger and religious doubt. He wrote that he "felt God had played a horrible trick" on him,[63] and he had trouble focusing on work.[64][65]

    Second marriage

    Biden and his second wife, Jill, met in 1975 and married in 1977

    Biden credits his second wife, teacher Jill Tracy Jacobs, with the renewal of his interest in politics and life;[66] they met in 1975 on a blind date[67] and were married at the United Nations chapel in New York on June 17, 1977.[68][69] They spent their honeymoon at Lake Balaton in the Hungarian People's Republic, behind the Iron Curtain.[70][71] They are Roman Catholics and attend Mass at St. Joseph's on the Brandywine in Greenville, Delaware.[72] Their daughter Ashley Biden (born 1981)[26] is a social worker. She is married to physician Howard Krein.[73] Beau Biden became an Army Judge Advocate in Iraq and later Delaware Attorney General;[74] he died of brain cancer in 2015.[75][76] Hunter Biden is a Washington lobbyist and investment adviser.[77]

    Teaching

    From 1991 to 2008, as an adjunct professor, Biden co-taught a seminar on constitutional law at Widener University School of Law.[78][79] The seminar often had a waiting list. Biden sometimes flew back from overseas to teach the class.[80][81][82][83]

    U.S. Senate (1973–2009)

    Main article: United States Senate career of Joe Biden

    Senate activities

    Biden with President Jimmy Carter, 1979

    In January 1973, secretary of the Senate Francis R. Valeo swore Biden in at the Delaware Division of the Wilmington Medical Center.[84][56] Present were his sons Beau (whose leg was still in traction from the automobile accident) and Hunter and other family members.[84][56] At 30, he was the sixth-youngest senator in U.S. history.[85][86]

    To see his sons, Biden traveled by train between his Delaware home and D.C.[87]—74 minutes each way—and maintained this habit throughout his 36 years in the Senate.[18]

    During his early years in the Senate, Biden focused on consumer protection and environmental issues and called for greater government accountability.[88] In a 1974 interview, he described himself as liberal on civil rights and liberties, senior citizens' concerns and healthcare but conservative on other issues, including abortion and military conscription.[89]

    In his first decade in the Senate, Biden focused on arms control.[90][91] After Congress failed to ratify the SALT II Treaty signed in 1979 by Soviet general secretary Leonid Brezhnev and President Jimmy Carter, Biden met with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko to communicate American concerns and secured changes that addressed the Senate Foreign Relations Committee's objections.[92] When the Reagan administration wanted to interpret the 1972 SALT I treaty loosely to allow development of the Strategic Defense Initiative, Biden argued for strict adherence to the treaty.[90] He received considerable attention when he excoriated Secretary of State George Shultz at a Senate hearing for the Reagan administration's support of South Africa despite its continued policy of apartheid.[36]

    Biden shaking hands with President Ronald Reagan, 1984

    Biden became ranking minority member of the Senate Judiciary Committee in 1981. In 1984, he was a Democratic floor manager for the successful passage of the Comprehensive Crime Control Act. His supporters praised him for modifying some of the law's worst provisions, and it was his most important legislative accomplishment to that time.[93] In 1994, Biden helped pass the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, also known as the Biden Crime Law, which included a ban on assault weapons,[94][95] and the Violence Against Women Act,[96] which he has called his most significant legislation.[97] The 1994 crime law was unpopular among progressives and criticized for resulting in mass incarceration;[98][99] in 2019, Biden called his role in passing the bill a "big mistake", citing its policy on crack cocaine and saying that the bill "trapped an entire generation".[100]

    In 1993, Biden voted for a provision that deemed homosexuality incompatible with military life, thereby banning gays from serving in the armed forces.[101][102][103] In 1996, he voted for the Defense of Marriage Act, which prohibited the federal government from recognizing same-sex marriages, thereby barring individuals in such marriages from equal protection under federal law and allowing states to do the same.[104] In 2015, the act was ruled unconstitutional in Obergefell v. Hodges.[105]

    Elected to the Senate in 1972, Biden was reelected in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1996, 2002, and 2008, regularly receiving about 60% of the vote.[106] He was junior senator to William Roth, who was first elected in 1970, until Roth was defeated in 2000.[107] As of 2020[update], he was the 18th-longest-serving senator in U.S. history.[108]

    Opposition to busing

    In the mid-1970s, Biden was one of the Senate's strongest opponents of race-integration busing. His Delaware constituents strongly opposed it, and such opposition nationwide later led his party to mostly abandon school integration policies.[109] In his first Senate campaign, Biden had expressed support for busing to remedy de jure segregation, as in the South, but opposed its use to remedy de facto segregation arising from racial patterns of neighborhood residency, as in Delaware; he opposed a proposed constitutional amendment banning busing entirely.[110]

    In May 1974, Biden voted to table a proposal containing anti-busing and anti-desegregation clauses but later voted for a modified version containing a qualification that it was not intended to weaken the judiciary's power to enforce the 5th Amendment and 14th Amendment.[111] In 1975, he supported a proposal that would have prevented the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare from cutting federal funds to districts that refused to integrate;[112] he said busing was a "bankrupt idea [violating] the cardinal rule of common sense" and that his opposition would make it easier for other liberals to follow suit.[93] At the same time he supported initiatives on housing, job opportunities and voting rights.[111] Biden supported a measure[when?] forbidding the use of federal funds for transporting students beyond the school closest to them. In 1977, he co-sponsored an amendment closing loopholes in that measure, which President Carter signed into law in 1978.[113]

    Brain surgeries

    In February 1988, after several episodes of increasingly severe neck pain, Biden was taken by ambulance to Walter Reed Army Medical Center for surgery to correct a leaking intracranial berry aneurysm.[114][115] While recuperating, he suffered a pulmonary embolism, a serious complication.[115] After a second aneurysm was surgically repaired in May,[115][116] Biden's recuperation kept him away from the Senate for seven months.[117]

    1988 presidential campaign

    Main article: Joe Biden 1988 presidential campaign
    Biden at the White House in 1987

    Biden formally declared his candidacy for the 1988 Democratic presidential nomination on June 9, 1987.[118] He was considered a strong candidate because of his moderate image, his speaking ability, his high profile as chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee at the upcoming Robert Bork Supreme Court nomination hearings, and his appeal to Baby Boomers; he would have been the second-youngest person elected president, after John F. Kennedy.[36][119][120] He raised more in the first quarter of 1987 than any other candidate.[119][120]

    By August his campaign's messaging had become confused due to staff rivalries,[121] and in September, he was accused of plagiarizing a speech by British Labour Party leader Neil Kinnock.[122] Biden's speech had similar lines about being the first person in his family to attend university. Biden had credited Kinnock with the formulation on previous occasions,[123][124] but did not on two occasions in late August.[125]: 230–232 [124]

    Earlier that year he had also used passages from a 1967 speech by Robert F. Kennedy (for which his aides took blame) and a short phrase from John F. Kennedy's inaugural address; two years earlier he had used a 1976 passage by Hubert Humphrey.[126] Biden responded that politicians often borrow from one another without giving credit, and that one of his rivals for the nomination, Jesse Jackson, had called him to point out that he (Jackson) had used the same material by Humphrey that Biden had used.[18][25]

    A few days later, an incident in law school in which Biden drew text from a Fordham Law Review article with inadequate citations was publicized.[25] He was required to repeat the course and passed with high marks.[127] At Biden's request the Delaware Supreme Court's Board of Professional Responsibility reviewed the incident and concluded that he had violated no rules.[128]

    Biden has made several false or exaggerated claims about his early life: that he had earned three degrees in college, that he attended law school on a full scholarship, that he had graduated in the top half of his class,[129][130] and that he had marched in the civil rights movement.[131] The limited amount of other news about the presidential race amplified these disclosures[132] and on September 23, 1987, Biden withdrew his candidacy, saying it had been overrun by "the exaggerated shadow" of his past mistakes.[133]

    Kinnock himself was more forgiving; the two men met in 1988, forming an enduring friendship.[134]

    Senate Judiciary Committee

    See also: Robert Bork Supreme Court nomination and Clarence Thomas Supreme Court nomination
    Biden speaking at the signing of the 1994 Crime Bill with President Bill Clinton in 1994

    Biden was a longtime member of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary. He chaired it from 1987 to 1995 and was a ranking minority member from 1981 to 1987 and again from 1995 to 1997.

    As chair, Biden presided over two highly contentious U.S. Supreme Court confirmation hearings.[18] When Robert Bork was nominated in 1988, Biden reversed his approval‍—‌given in an interview the previous year‍—‌of a hypothetical Bork nomination. Conservatives were angered,[135] but at the hearings' close Biden was praised for his fairness, humor, and courage.[135][136] Rejecting the arguments of some Bork opponents,[18] Biden framed his objections to Bork in terms of the conflict between Bork's strong originalism and the view that the U.S. Constitution provides rights to liberty and privacy beyond those explicitly enumerated in its text.[136] Bork's nomination was rejected in the committee by a 9–5 vote[136] and then in the full Senate, 58–42.[137]

    During Clarence Thomas's nomination hearings in 1991, Biden's questions on constitutional issues were often convoluted to the point that Thomas sometimes lost track of them,[138] and Thomas later wrote that Biden's questions were akin to "beanballs".[139] After the committee hearing closed, the public learned that Anita Hill, a University of Oklahoma law school professor, had accused Thomas of making unwelcome sexual comments when they had worked together.[140][141] Biden had known of some of these charges, but initially shared them only with the committee because Hill was then unwilling to testify.[18] The committee hearing was reopened and Hill testified, but Biden did not permit testimony from other witnesses, such as a woman who had made similar charges and experts on harassment,[142] saying he wanted to preserve Thomas's privacy and the hearings' decency.[138][142] The full Senate confirmed Thomas by a 52–48 vote, with Biden opposed.[18] Liberal legal advocates and women's groups felt strongly that Biden had mishandled the hearings and not done enough to support Hill.[142] Biden later sought out women to serve on the Judiciary Committee and emphasized women's issues in the committee's legislative agenda.[18] In 2019, he told Hill he regretted his treatment of her, but Hill said afterward she remained unsatisfied.[143]

    Biden was critical of Independent Counsel Ken Starr during the 1990s Whitewater controversy and Lewinsky scandal investigations, saying "it's going to be a cold day in hell" before another independent counsel would be granted similar powers.[144] He voted to acquit during the impeachment of President Clinton.[145] During the 2000s, Biden sponsored bankruptcy legislation sought by credit card issuers.[18] Clinton vetoed the bill in 2000, but it passed in 2005 as the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act,[18] with Biden one of only 18 Democrats to vote for it, while leading Democrats and consumer rights organizations opposed it.[146] As a senator, Biden strongly supported increased Amtrak funding and rail security.[106][147]

    Senator Biden accompanies President Clinton and other officials to Bosnia and Herzegovina in December 1997

    Senate Foreign Relations Committee

    Biden was a longtime member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He became its ranking minority member in 1997 and chaired it from June 2001 to 2003 and 2007 to 2009.[148] His positions were generally liberal internationalist.[90][149] He collaborated effectively with Republicans and sometimes went against elements of his own party.[148][149] During this time he met with at least 150 leaders from 60 countries and international organizations, becoming a well-known Democratic voice on foreign policy.[150]

    Biden voted against authorization for the Gulf War in 1991,[149] siding with 45 of the 55 Democratic senators; he said the U.S. was bearing almost all the burden in the anti-Iraq coalition.[151]

    Biden became interested in the Yugoslav Wars after hearing about Serbian abuses during the Croatian War of Independence in 1991.[90] Once the Bosnian War broke out, Biden was among the first to call for the "lift and strike" policy of lifting the arms embargo, training Bosnian Muslims and supporting them with NATO air strikes, and investigating war crimes.[90][148] The George H. W. Bush administration and Clinton administration were both reluctant to implement the policy, fearing Balkan entanglement.[90][149] In April 1993, Biden spent a week in the Balkans and held a tense three-hour meeting with Serbian leader Slobodan Milošević.[152] Biden related that he had told Milošević, "I think you're a damn war criminal and you should be tried as one."[152]

    Biden wrote an amendment in 1992 to compel the Bush administration to arm the Bosnians, but deferred in 1994 to a somewhat softer stance the Clinton administration preferred, before signing on the following year to a stronger measure sponsored by Bob Dole and Joe Lieberman.[152] The engagement led to a successful NATO peacekeeping effort.[90] Biden has called his role in affecting Balkans policy in the mid-1990s his "proudest moment in public life" related to foreign policy.[149]

    As chair, Biden contributed to successfully encouraging the Clinton administration to commit the resources and political capital to broker what became the 1998 Good Friday Agreement between the governments of Ireland and the United Kingdom through the Northern Ireland peace process.[153]

    In 1999, during the Kosovo War, Biden supported the 1999 NATO bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.[90] He and Senator John McCain co-sponsored the McCain-Biden Kosovo Resolution, which called on Clinton to use all necessary force, including ground troops, to confront Milošević over Yugoslav actions toward ethnic Albanians in Kosovo.[149][154]

    Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq

    Main article: War on terror
    Biden addresses the press after meeting with Prime Minister Ayad Allawi in Baghdad in 2004.

    Biden was a strong supporter of the War in Afghanistan, saying, "Whatever it takes, we should do it."[155] As head of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he said in 2002 that Iraqi president Saddam Hussein was a threat to national security and there was no other option than to "eliminate" that threat.[156] In October 2002, he voted in favor of the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq, approving the U.S. invasion of Iraq.[149] As chair of the committee, he assembled a series of witnesses to testify in favor of the authorization. They gave testimony grossly misrepresenting the intent, history, and status of Saddam and his secular government, which was an avowed enemy of al-Qaida, and touted Iraq's fictional possession of weapons of mass destruction.[157] Biden eventually became a critic of the war and viewed his vote and role as a "mistake", but did not push for withdrawal.[149][152] He supported the appropriations for the occupation, but argued that the war should be internationalized, that more soldiers were needed, and that the Bush administration should "level with the American people" about its cost and length.[148][154]

    By late 2006, Biden's stance had shifted considerably. He opposed the troop surge of 2007,[149][152] saying General David Petraeus was "dead, flat wrong" in believing the surge could work.[158] Biden instead advocated dividing Iraq into a loose federation of three ethnic states.[159] In November 2006, Biden and Leslie H. Gelb, president emeritus of the Council on Foreign Relations, released a comprehensive strategy to end sectarian violence in Iraq.[160] Rather than continue the existing approach or withdrawing, the plan called for "a third way": federalizing Iraq and giving Kurds, Shiites, and Sunnis "breathing room" in their own regions.[161] In September 2007, a non-binding resolution endorsing the plan passed the Senate,[160] but the idea was unfamiliar, had no political constituency, and failed to gain traction.[158] Iraq's political leadership denounced the resolution as de facto partitioning of the country, and the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad issued a statement distancing itself from it.[160] In May 2008, Biden sharply criticized President George W. Bush's speech to Israel's Knesset in which Bush compared some Democrats to Western leaders who appeased Hitler before World War II; Biden called the speech "bullshit", "malarkey", and "outrageous". He later apologized for his language.[162]

    2008 presidential campaign

    Main article: Joe Biden 2008 presidential campaign
    Biden campaigns at a house party in Creston, Iowa, July 2007

    After exploring the possibility of a run in several previous cycles, in January 2007, Biden declared his candidacy in the 2008 elections.[106][163][164] During his campaign, Biden focused on the Iraq War, his record as chairman of major Senate committees, and his foreign-policy experience. In mid-2007, Biden stressed his foreign policy expertise compared to Obama's.[165] Biden was noted for his one-liners during the campaign; in one debate he said of Republican candidate Rudy Giuliani: "There's only three things he mentions in a sentence: a noun, and a verb and 9/11."[166]

    Biden had difficulty raising funds, struggled to draw people to his rallies, and failed to gain traction against the high-profile candidacies of Obama and Senator Hillary Clinton.[167] He never rose above single digits in national polls of the Democratic candidates. In the first contest on January 3, 2008, Biden placed fifth in the Iowa caucuses, garnering slightly less than one percent of the state delegates.[168] He withdrew from the race that evening.[169]

    Despite its lack of success, Biden's 2008 campaign raised his stature in the political world.[170]: 336  In particular, it changed the relationship between Biden and Obama. Although they had served together on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, they had not been close: Biden resented Obama's quick rise to political stardom,[158][171] while Obama viewed Biden as garrulous and patronizing.[170]: 28, 337–338  Having gotten to know each other during 2007, Obama appreciated Biden's campaign style and appeal to working-class voters, and Biden said he became convinced Obama was "the real deal".[171][170]: 28, 337–338 

    2008 vice-presidential campaign

    Main articles: Barack Obama 2008 presidential campaign and 2008 Democratic Party vice presidential candidate selection
    Biden speaks at the August 23, 2008, vice presidential announcement at the Old State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois

    Shortly after Biden withdrew from the presidential race, Obama privately told him he was interested in finding an important place for Biden in his administration.[172] Biden declined Obama's first request to vet him for the vice-presidential slot, fearing the vice presidency would represent a loss in status and voice from his Senate position, but he later changed his mind.[158][173] In early August, Obama and Biden met in secret to discuss the possibility,[172] and developed a strong personal rapport.[171] On August 22, 2008, Obama announced that Biden would be his running mate.[174]The New York Times reported that the strategy behind the choice reflected a desire to fill out the ticket with someone with foreign policy and national security experience—and not to help the ticket win a swing state or to emphasize Obama's "change" message.[175] Others pointed out Biden's appeal to middle-class and blue-collar voters, as well as his willingness to aggressively challenge Republican nominee John McCain in a way that Obama seemed uncomfortable doing at times.[176][177] In accepting Obama's offer, Biden ruled out running for president again in 2016,[172] but his comments in later years seemed to back off that stance, as he did not want to diminish his political power by appearing uninterested in advancement.[178][179][180] Biden was officially nominated for vice president on August 27 by voice vote at the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver.[181]

    Biden's vice-presidential campaigning gained little media visibility, as far greater press attention was focused on the Republican running mate, Alaska Governor Sarah Palin.[182][183] During one week in September 2008, for instance, the Pew Research Center's Project for Excellence in Journalism found that Biden was included in only five percent of coverage of the race, far less than the other three candidates on the tickets received.[184] Biden nevertheless focused on campaigning in economically challenged areas of swing states and trying to win over blue-collar Democrats, especially those who had supported Hillary Clinton.[158][182] Biden attacked McCain heavily despite a long-standing personal friendship.[n 2] He said, "That guy I used to know, he's gone. It literally saddens me."[182] As the financial crisis of 2007–2010 reached a peak with the liquidity crisis of September 2008 and the proposed bailout of the United States financial system became a major factor in the campaign, Biden voted in favor of the 0 billion Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, which went on to pass in the Senate 74–25.[186]

    On October 2, 2008, Biden participated in the vice-presidential debate with Palin at Washington University in St. Louis. Post-debate polls found that while Palin exceeded many voters' expectations, Biden had won the debate overall.[187] During the campaign's final days, he focused on less populated, older, less well-off areas of battleground states, especially Florida, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, where polling indicated he was popular and where Obama had not campaigned or performed well in the Democratic primaries.[188][189][190] He also campaigned in some normally Republican states, as well as in areas with large Catholic populations.[190]

    Under instructions from the campaign, Biden kept his speeches succinct and tried to avoid offhand remarks, such as one he made about Obama's being tested by a foreign power soon after taking office, which had attracted negative attention.[188][189] Privately, Biden's remarks frustrated Obama. "How many times is Biden gonna say something stupid?" he asked.[170]: 411–414, 419  Obama campaign staffers referred to Biden blunders as "Joe bombs" and kept Biden uninformed about strategy discussions, which in turn irked Biden.[180] Relations between the two campaigns became strained for a month, until Biden apologized on a call to Obama and the two built a stronger partnership.[170]: 411–414  Publicly, Obama strategist David Axelrod said Biden's high popularity ratings had outweighed any unexpected comments.[191] Nationally, Biden had a 60% favorability rating in a Pew Research Center poll, compared to Palin's 44%.[188]

    On November 4, 2008, Obama and Biden were elected with 53% of the popular vote and 365 electoral votes to McCain–Palin's 173.[192][193][194]

    At the same time Biden was running for vice president he was also running for reelection to the Senate,[195] as permitted by Delaware law.[106] On November 4, he was reelected to the Senate, defeating Republican Christine O'Donnell.[196] Having won both races, Biden made a point of waiting to resign from the Senate until he was sworn in for his seventh term on January 6, 2009.[197] He became the youngest senator ever to start a seventh full term, and said, "In all my life, the greatest honor bestowed upon me has been serving the people of Delaware as their United States senator."[197] Biden cast his last Senate vote on January 15, supporting the release of the second 0 billion for the Troubled Asset Relief Program,[198] and resigned from the Senate later that day.[n 3] In an emotional farewell, Biden told the Senate: "Every good thing I have seen happen here, every bold step taken in the 36-plus years I have been here, came not from the application of pressure by interest groups, but through the maturation of personal relationships."[202] Delaware Governor Ruth Ann Minner appointed longtime Biden adviser Ted Kaufman to fill Biden's vacated Senate seat.[203]

    Vice presidency (2009–2017)

    See also: Presidency of Barack Obama
    Biden being sworn in as vice president on January 20, 2009

    First term, 2009–2013

    Biden said he intended to eliminate some explicit roles assumed by George W. Bush's vice president, Dick Cheney, and did not intend to emulate any previous vice presidency.[204] He chaired Obama's transition team[205] and headed an initiative to improve middle-class economic well-being.[206] In early January 2009, in his last act as chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, he visited the leaders of Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan,[207] and on January 20 he was sworn in as the 47th vice president of the United States[208]‍—‌the first vice president from Delaware[209] and the first Roman Catholic vice president.[210][211]

    Obama was soon comparing Biden to a basketball player "who does a bunch of things that don't show up in the stat sheet".[212] In May, Biden visited Kosovo and affirmed the U.S. position that its "independence is irreversible".[213] Biden lost an internal debate to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton about sending 21,000 new troops to Afghanistan,[214][215] but his skepticism was valued,[173] and in 2009, Biden's views gained more influence as Obama reconsidered his Afghanistan strategy.[216] Biden visited Iraq about every two months,[158] becoming the administration's point man in delivering messages to Iraqi leadership about expected progress there.[173] More generally, overseeing Iraq policy became Biden's responsibility: Obama was said to have said, "Joe, you do Iraq."[217] Biden said Iraq "could be one of the great achievements of this administration".[218] His January 2010 visit to Iraq in the midst of turmoil over banned candidates from the upcoming Iraqi parliamentary election resulted in 59 of the several hundred candidates being reinstated by the Iraqi government two days later.[219] By 2012, Biden had made eight trips there, but his oversight of U.S. policy in Iraq receded with the exit of U.S. troops in 2011.[220][221]

    President Obama congratulates Biden for his role in shaping the debt ceiling deal which led to the Budget Control Act of 2011.

    Biden oversaw infrastructure spending from the Obama stimulus package intended to help counteract the ongoing recession.[222] During this period, Biden was satisfied that no major instances of waste or corruption had occurred,[173] and when he completed that role in February 2011, he said the number of fraud incidents with stimulus monies had been less than one percent.[223]

    In late April 2009, Biden's off-message response to a question during the beginning of the swine flu outbreak, that he would advise family members against traveling on airplanes or subways, led to a swift retraction by the White House.[224] The remark revived Biden's reputation for gaffes.[225][216][226] Confronted with rising unemployment through July 2009, Biden acknowledged that the administration had "misread how bad the economy was" but maintained confidence the stimulus package would create many more jobs once the pace of expenditures picked up.[227] On March 23, 2010, a microphone picked up Biden telling the president that his signing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was "a big fucking deal" during live national news telecasts. Despite their different personalities, Obama and Biden formed a friendship, partly based around Obama's daughter Sasha and Biden's granddaughter Maisy, who attended Sidwell Friends School together.[180]

    Biden during a visit to Baghdad

    Members of the Obama administration said Biden's role in the White House was to be a contrarian and force others to defend their positions.[228]Rahm Emanuel, White House chief of staff, said that Biden helped counter groupthink.[212] White House press secretary Jay Carney, Biden's former communications director, said Biden played the role of "the bad guy in the Situation Room".[228] Another senior Obama advisor said Biden "is always prepared to be the skunk at the family picnic to make sure we are as intellectually honest as possible."[173] Obama said, "The best thing about Joe is that when we get everybody together, he really forces people to think and defend their positions, to look at things from every angle, and that is very valuable for me."[173] The Bidens maintained a relaxed atmosphere at their official residence in Washington, often entertaining their grandchildren, and regularly returned to their home in Delaware.[229]

    Biden campaigned heavily for Democrats in the 2010 midterm elections, maintaining an attitude of optimism in the face of predictions of large-scale losses for the party.[230] Following big Republican gains in the elections and the departure of White House chief of staff Rahm Emanuel, Biden's past relationships with Republicans in Congress became more important.[231][232] He led the successful administration effort to gain Senate approval for the New START treaty.[231][232] In December 2010, Biden's advocacy for a middle ground, followed by his negotiations with Senate minority leader Mitch McConnell, were instrumental in producing the administration's compromise tax package that included a temporary extension of the Bush tax cuts.[232][233] Biden then took the lead in trying to sell the agreement to a reluctant Democratic caucus in Congress.[232][234] The package passed as the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010.

    In March 2011, Obama delegated Biden to lead negotiations with Congress to resolve federal spending levels for the rest of the year and avoid a government shutdown.[235] By May 2011, a "Biden panel" with six congressional members was trying to reach a bipartisan deal on raising the U.S. debt ceiling as part of an overall deficit reduction plan.[236][237] The U.S. debt ceiling crisis developed over the next few months, but Biden's relationship with McConnell again proved key in breaking a deadlock and bringing about a deal to resolve it, in the form of the Budget Control Act of 2011, signed on August 2, 2011, the same day an unprecedented U.S. default had loomed.[238][239][240] Biden had spent the most time of anyone in the administration bargaining with Congress on the debt question,[239] and one Republican staffer said, "Biden's the only guy with real negotiating authority, and [McConnell] knows that his word is good. He was a key to the deal."[238]

    Biden, Obama and the national security team gathered in the White House Situation Room to monitor the progress of the May 2011 mission to kill Osama bin Laden

    Some reports suggest that Biden opposed proceeding with the May 2011 U.S. mission to kill Osama bin Laden,[220][241] lest failure adversely affect Obama's reelection prospects.[242][243] He took the lead in notifying Congressional leaders of the successful outcome.[244]

    Reelection

    Main article: Barack Obama 2012 presidential campaign

    In October 2010, Biden said Obama had asked him to remain as his running mate for the 2012 presidential election,[230] but with Obama's popularity on the decline, White House Chief of Staff William M. Daley conducted some secret polling and focus group research in late 2011 on the idea of replacing Biden on the ticket with Hillary Clinton.[245] The notion was dropped when the results showed no appreciable improvement for Obama,[245] and White House officials later said Obama had never entertained the idea.[246]

    Biden and Obama, July 2012

    Biden's May 2012 statement that he was "absolutely comfortable" with same-sex marriage gained considerable public attention in comparison to Obama's position, which had been described as "evolving".[247] Biden made his statement without administration consent, and Obama and his aides were quite irked, since Obama had planned to shift position several months later, in the build-up to the party convention, and since Biden had previously counseled the president to avoid the issue lest key Catholic voters be offended.[180][248][249][250] Gay rights advocates seized upon Biden's statement,[248] and within days, Obama announced that he too supported same-sex marriage, an action in part forced by Biden's remarks.[251] Biden apologized to Obama in private for having spoken out,[249][252] while Obama acknowledged publicly it had been done from the heart.[248] The incident showed that Biden still struggled at times with message discipline,[180] as Time wrote, "Everyone knows Biden's greatest strength is also his greatest weakness."[220] Relations were also strained between the vice presidential and presidential campaigns when Biden appeared to use his position to bolster fundraising contacts for a possible run for president in 2016, and he ended up being excluded from Obama campaign strategy meetings.[245]

    The Obama campaign nevertheless valued Biden as a retail-level politician who could connect with disaffected blue-collar workers and rural residents, and he had a heavy schedule of appearances in swing states as the reelection campaign began in earnest in spring 2012.[253][220] An August 2012 remark before a mixed-race audience that Republican proposals to relax Wall Street regulations would "put y'all back in chains" led to a similar analysis of Biden's face-to-face campaigning abilities versus his tendency to go off track.[253][254][255] The Los Angeles Times wrote, "Most candidates give the same stump speech over and over, putting reporters if not the audience to sleep. But during any Biden speech, there might be a dozen moments to make press handlers cringe, and prompt reporters to turn to each other with amusement and confusion."[254]Time magazine wrote that Biden often went too far and "Along with the familiar Washington mix of neediness and overconfidence, Biden's brain is wired for more than the usual amount of goofiness."[253]

    Biden was nominated for a second term as vice president at the 2012 Democratic National Convention in September.[256] Debating his Republican counterpart, Representative Paul Ryan, in the vice-presidential debate on October 11 he made a spirited and emotional defense of the Obama administration's record and energetically attacked the Republican ticket.[257][258] On November 6, Obama and Biden won reelection[259] over Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan with 332 of 538 Electoral College votes and 51% of the popular vote.[260]

    In December 2012, Obama named Biden to head the Gun Violence Task Force, created to address the causes of gun violence in the United States in the aftermath of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting.[261] Later that month, during the final days before the United States fell off the "fiscal cliff", Biden's relationship with McConnell again proved important as the two negotiated a deal that led to the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 being passed at the start of 2013.[262][263] It made many of the Bush tax cuts permanent but raised rates on upper income levels.[263]

    Second term, 2013–2017

    Official vice president portrait, 2013

    Biden was inaugurated to a second term on January 20, 2013, at a small ceremony at Number One Observatory Circle, his official residence, with Justice Sonia Sotomayor presiding (a public ceremony took place on January 21).[264]

    Biden played little part in discussions that led to the October 2013 passage of the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2014, which resolved the federal government shutdown of 2013 and the debt-ceiling crisis of 2013. This was because Senate majority leader Harry Reid and other Democratic leaders cut him out of any direct talks with Congress, feeling Biden had given too much away during previous negotiations.[265][266][267]

    Biden's Violence Against Women Act was reauthorized again in 2013. The act led to related developments, such as the White House Council on Women and Girls, begun in the first term, as well as the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault, begun in January 2014 with Biden and Valerie Jarrett as co-chairs.[268][269] Biden discussed federal guidelines on sexual assault on university campuses while giving a speech at the University of New Hampshire. He said, "No means no, if you're drunk or you're sober. No means no if you're in bed, in a dorm or on the street. No means no even if you said yes at first and you changed your mind. No means no."[270][271][272]

    Biden favored arming Syria's rebel fighters.[273] As Iraq fell apart during 2014, renewed attention was paid to the Biden-Gelb Iraqi federalization plan of 2006, with some observers suggesting Biden had been right all along.[274][275] Biden himself said the U.S. would follow ISIL "to the gates of hell".[276] Biden had close relationships with several Latin American leaders and was assigned a focus on the region during the administration; he visited the region 16 times during his vice presidency, the most of any president or vice president.[277]

    Biden with Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem, March 9, 2016

    In 2015, Speaker of the House John Boehner and Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell invited Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu to address a joint session of Congress without notifying the Obama administration. This defiance of protocol led Biden and more than 50 congressional Democrats to skip Netanyahu's speech.[278] In August 2016, Biden visited Serbia, where he met with Serbian president Aleksandar Vučić and expressed his condolences for civilian victims of the bombing campaign during the Kosovo War.[279] In Kosovo, he attended a ceremony renaming a highway after his son Beau, in honor of Beau's service to Kosovo in training its judges and prosecutors.[280][281][282]

    Biden never cast a tie-breaking vote in the Senate, making him the longest-serving vice president with this distinction.[283]

    Biden with Vice President-elect Mike Pence on November 10, 2016

    Role in the 2016 presidential campaign

    During his second term, Biden was often said to be preparing for a possible bid for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination.[284] With his family, many friends, and donors encouraging him in mid-2015 to enter the race, and with Hillary Clinton's favorability ratings in decline at that time, Biden was reported to again be seriously considering the prospect and a "Draft Biden 2016" PAC was established.[284][285][286]

    As of September 11, 2015[update], Biden was still uncertain about running. He felt his son's recent death had largely drained his emotional energy, and said, "nobody has a right ... to seek that office unless they're willing to give it 110% of who they are."[287] On October 21, speaking from a podium in the Rose Garden with his wife and Obama by his side, Biden announced his decision not to run for president in 2016.[288][289][290] In January 2016, Biden affirmed that it was the right decision, but admitted to regretting not running for president "every day".[291]

    After Obama endorsed Hillary Clinton on June 9, 2016, Biden endorsed her later that day.[292] Throughout the 2016 election, Biden strongly criticized Clinton's opponent, Donald Trump, in often colorful terms.[293][294]

    Subsequent activities (2017–2019)

    Biden with Barack Obama and Donald Trump, at the latter's inauguration on January 20, 2017

    After leaving the vice presidency, Biden became a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, while continuing to lead efforts to find treatments for cancer.[295] In 2017 he wrote a memoir, Promise Me, Dad, and went on a book tour.[296] Biden earned .6 million in 2017–2018.[297] In 2018, he gave a eulogy for Senator John McCain, praising McCain's embrace of American ideals and bipartisan friendships.[298]

    Biden remained in the public eye, endorsing candidates while continuing to comment on politics, climate change, and the presidency of Donald Trump.[299][300][301] He also continued to speak out in favor of LGBT rights, continuing advocacy on an issue he had become more closely associated with during his vice presidency.[302][303] In 2019, Biden criticized Brunei for its intention to implement Islamic laws that would allow death by stoning for adultery and homosexuality, calling it "appalling and immoral" and saying, "There is no excuse—not culture, not tradition—for this kind of hate and inhumanity."[304] By 2019, Biden and his wife reported that their assets had increased to between .2 million and million from speaking engagements and a contract to write a set of books.[305]

    2020 presidential campaign

    Main article: Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign
    See also: 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries and 2020 United States presidential election

    Speculation and announcement

    Biden at his presidential kickoff rally in Philadelphia, May 2019

    Between 2016 and 2019, media outlets often mentioned Biden as a likely candidate for president in 2020.[306] When asked if he would run, he gave varied and ambivalent answers, saying "never say never".[307] At one point he suggested he did not see a scenario where he would run again,[308][309] but a few days later, he said, "I'll run if I can walk."[310] A political action committee known as Time for Biden was formed in January 2018, seeking Biden's entry into the race.[311] He finally launched his campaign on April 25, 2019,[312] saying he was prompted to run, among other reasons, by his "sense of duty."[313]

    Campaign

    See also: Biden–Ukraine conspiracy theory

    In September 2019, it was reported that Trump had pressured Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky to investigate alleged wrongdoing by Biden and his son Hunter Biden.[314] Despite the allegations, no evidence was produced of any wrongdoing by the Bidens.[315][316][317] The media widely interpreted this pressure to investigate the Bidens as trying to hurt Biden's chances of winning the presidency, resulting in a political scandal[318][319] and Trump's impeachment by the House of Representatives.

    Beginning in 2019, Trump and his allies falsely accused Biden of getting the Ukrainian prosecutor general Viktor Shokin fired because he was supposedly pursuing an investigation into Burisma Holdings, which employed Hunter Biden. Biden was accused of withholding

     billion in aid from Ukraine in this effort. In 2015, Biden pressured the Ukrainian parliament to remove Shokin because the United States, the European Union and other international organizations considered Shokin corrupt and ineffective, and in particular because Shokin was not assertively investigating Burisma. The withholding of the

     billion in aid was part of this official policy.[320][321][322][323] The Senate Homeland Security Committee and Senate Finance Committee, led by Republicans, investigated allegations of wrongdoing by the Bidens in Ukraine, ultimately releasing a report in September 2020 that detailed no evidence of wrongdoing by Joe Biden, and concluded that it was "not clear" whether Hunter Biden's role in Burisma "affected U.S. policy toward Ukraine".[324][325]

    In March 2019 and April 2019, Biden was accused by eight women of previous instances of inappropriate physical contact, such as embracing, touching or kissing.[326] Biden had previously described himself as a "tactile politician" and admitted this behavior has caused trouble for him.[327] In April 2019, Biden pledged to be more "respectful of people's personal space".[328]

    Throughout 2019, Biden stayed generally ahead of other Democrats in national polls.[329][330] Despite this, he finished fourth in the Iowa caucuses, and eight days later, fifth in the New Hampshire primary.[331][332] He performed better in the Nevada caucuses, reaching the 15% required for delegates, but still was behind Bernie Sanders by 21.6 percentage points.[333] Making strong appeals to black voters on the campaign trail and in the South Carolina debate, Biden won the South Carolina primary by more than 28 points.[334] After the withdrawals and subsequent endorsements of candidates Pete Buttigieg and Amy Klobuchar, he made large gains in the March 3 Super Tuesday primary elections. Biden won 18 of the next 26 contests, including Alabama, Arkansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia, putting him in the lead overall.[335] Elizabeth Warren and Mike Bloomberg soon dropped out, and Biden expanded his lead with victories over Sanders in four states (Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, and Missouri) on March 10.[336]

    In late March 2020, Tara Reade, one of the eight women who previously accused Biden of inappropriate physical contact, made a new allegation against Biden, accusing him of a 1993 sexual assault.[337] There were inconsistences between Reade's 2019 and 2020 allegations.[338] Biden and his campaign vehemently denied the sexual assault allegation.[339][340]

    When Sanders suspended his campaign on April 8, 2020, Biden became the Democratic Party's presumptive nominee for president.[341] On April 13, Sanders endorsed Biden in a live-streamed discussion from their homes.[342] Former President Barack Obama endorsed Biden the next day.[343] In March 2020, Biden committed to choosing a woman as his running mate.[344] In June, Biden met the 1,991-delegate threshold needed to secure the party's presidential nomination.[345] On August 11, he announced U.S. Senator Kamala Harris of California as his running mate, making her the first African American and first South Asian American vice-presidential nominee on a major-party ticket.[346]

    On August 18, 2020, Biden was officially nominated at the 2020 Democratic National Convention as the Democratic Party nominee for president in the 2020 election.[347][348][349]

    Presidential transition

    Main article: Presidential transition of Joe Biden

    Biden was elected the 46th president of the United States in November 2020. He defeated the incumbent, Donald Trump, becoming the first candidate to defeat a sitting president since Bill Clinton defeated George H. W. Bush in 1992. Trump refused to concede, insisting the election had been "stolen" from him through "voter fraud", challenging the results in court and promoting numerous conspiracy theories about the voting and vote-counting processes, in an attempt to overturn the election results.[350] Biden's transition was delayed by several weeks as the White House ordered federal agencies not to cooperate.[351] On November 23, General Services Administrator Emily W. Murphy formally recognized Biden as the apparent winner of the 2020 election and authorized the start of a transition process to the Biden administration.[352]

    On January 6, 2021, during Congress's electoral vote count, Trump told supporters gathered in front of the White House to march to the Capitol, saying, "We will never give up. We will never concede. It doesn't happen. You don't concede when there's theft involved."[353] Soon after, they attacked the Capitol. During the insurrection at the Capitol, Biden addressed the nation, calling the events "an unprecedented assault unlike anything we've seen in modern times." He specifically called on Trump to "go on national television now to fulfill his oath and defend the Constitution and demand an end to this siege", adding, "it must end now."[354][355] After the Capitol was cleared, Congress resumed its joint session and officially certified the election results with Pence declaring Biden and Harris the winners.[356]

    In December 2020, Biden received his first dose of the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine at the Christiana Hospital in Delaware, publicly taking the vaccine on live television to build trust in the vaccine and to encourage Americans to get inoculated.[357][358] He returned for his second dose in January 2021.[359]

    Presidency (2021–present)

    Main article: Presidency of Joe Biden
    For a chronological guide to this subject, see Timeline of the Joe Biden presidency.
    See also: Cabinet of Joe Biden
    Biden takes the oath of office administered by Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. at the Capitol, January 20, 2021

    Inauguration

    Main article: Inauguration of Joe Biden

    Biden was inaugurated as the 46th president of the United States on January 20, 2021.[360][361][n 4] At 78, he is the oldest person to have assumed the office.[360] He is the second Catholic president (after John F. Kennedy)[366] and the first president whose home state is Delaware.[367] He is the second non-incumbent vice president (after Richard Nixon in 1968) to be elected president.[368] He is also the first president from the Silent Generation.[369]

    Biden's inauguration was "a muted affair unlike any previous inauguration" due to COVID-19 precautions as well as massively increased security measures because of a threat of widespread civil unrest. Biden took the oath of office on the Capitol's west steps and gave an inaugural address, but there were no spectators on the Mall and no in-person parades or inaugural balls. Trump did not attend, becoming the first outgoing president since 1869 to not attend his successor's inauguration.[370]

    First 100 days

    In his first two days as president, Biden signed 17 executive orders, more than most recent presidents did in their first 100 days. By his third day, orders had included rejoining the Paris Climate Agreement, ending the state of national emergency at the border with Mexico, directing the government to rejoin the World Health Organization, face mask requirements on federal property, measures to combat hunger in the United States,[371][372][373][374] and revoking permits for the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline.[375][376][377] In his first two weeks in office, Biden signed more executive orders than any other president since Franklin D. Roosevelt had in their first month in office.[378]

    On February 4, 2021, the Biden administration announced that the United States was ending its support for the Saudi-led bombing campaign in Yemen. In his first visit to the State Department as president, Biden said "this war has to end" and that the conflict had created a "humanitarian and strategic catastrophe."[379] On February 25, the Biden administration "struck a site in Syria used by two Iranian-backed militia groups in response to rocket attacks on American forces." This marked the first known action by the military under Biden.[380]

    Biden with his Cabinet, July 2021

    On March 11, the first anniversary of COVID-19 being declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization, Biden signed into law the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, a

    .9 trillion economic stimulus relief package he proposed and lobbied for that aimed to speed up the United States' recovery from the economic and health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing recession.[381] The package included direct payments to most Americans, an extension of increased unemployment benefits, funds for vaccine distribution and school reopenings, support for small businesses and state and local governments, and expansions of health insurance subsidies and the child tax credit. Biden's initial proposal included an increase of the federal minimum wage to per hour, but after Senate parliamentarian Elizabeth MacDonough determined that including the increase in a budget reconciliation bill would violate Senate rules, Democrats declined to pursue overruling her and removed the increase from the package.[382][383][384]

    Also in March, amid a rise in migrants entering the U.S. from Mexico, Biden told migrants, "Don't come over." He said that the U.S. was arranging a plan for migrants to "apply for asylum in place", without leaving their original locations. In the meantime, migrant adults "are being sent back", Biden said, in reference to the continuation of the Trump administration's Title 42 policy for quick deportations.[385] Biden earlier announced that his administration would not deport unaccompanied migrant children; the rise in arrivals of such children exceeded the capacity of facilities meant to shelter them (before they were sent to sponsors), leading the Biden administration in March to direct the Federal Emergency Management Agency to help manage these children.[386]

    On April 14, Biden announced that the United States would delay the withdrawal of all troops from the war in Afghanistan until September 11, signalling an end to the country's direct military involvement in Afghanistan after nearly 20 years.[387] In February 2020, the Trump administration had made a deal with the Taliban to completely withdraw U.S. forces by May 1, 2021.[388] Biden's decision met with a wide range of reactions, from support and relief to trepidation at the possible collapse of the Afghan government without American support.[389] On April 22–23, Biden held an international climate summit at which he announced that the U.S. would cut its greenhouse gas emissions by 50%–52% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels. Other countries also increased their pledges. If the pledges made at the summit are met, they will cut global greenhouse gas emissions by 2.6–3.7 GtCO2e by 2030.[390][391] On April 28, the eve of his 100th day in office, Biden delivered his first address to a joint session of Congress, in which he highlighted the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines and addressed withdrawing troops from Afghanistan, the murder of George Floyd, and the U.S. Capitol attack while urging Congress to pass comprehensive immigration, gun, and health care reform.[392]

    According to some analysts, such as Alexander Nazaryan, Biden broke with both Obama and Trump. Nazaryan writes that Biden's approach "has been marked by an obvious rejection of the daily chaos of the Trump years but also, more subtly, by a no-less-decisive rejection of Obama's proceduralism. His aggressive approach to governing has put Republicans on the back foot, while delighting progressives who didn't think that the 78-year-old former Delaware senator had a wholly original act in the works."[393]

    Rest of 2021

    Biden meeting with Secretary General of NATO Jens Stoltenberg in the Oval Office, June 7, 2021
    Biden meeting with Israeli President Reuven Rivlin, June 28, 2021

    In May 2021, during a flareup in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, Biden expressed his support for Israel, saying "my party still supports Israel" amid disagreement from some Democrats.[394] In June 2021, Biden took his first trip abroad as president. In eight days he visited Belgium, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. He attended a G7 summit, a NATO summit, and an EU summit, and held one-on-one talks with Russian president Vladimir Putin.[395]

    On June 17, Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act, which officially declared Juneteenth a federal holiday.[396] Juneteenth is the first new federal holiday since Martin Luther King Jr. Day was declared a holiday in 1986.[397] In July 2021, amid a slowing of the COVID-19 vaccination rate in the country and the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant, Biden said that the country has "a pandemic for those who haven't gotten the vaccination" and that it was therefore "gigantically important" for Americans to be vaccinated, touting the vaccines' effectiveness against hospitalizations and deaths from COVID-19.[398] He also criticized the prevalence of COVID-19 misinformation on social media, saying it was "killing people".[399] In September 2021, Biden announced AUKUS, a security pact between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, to ensure "peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific over the long term"; the deal included nuclear-powered submarines built for Australia's use.[400]

    Withdrawal from Afghanistan

    President Biden in a video conference with Vice President Harris and the U.S. National Security team, discussing the Fall of Kabul on August 15, 2021

    American forces began withdrawing from Afghanistan in 2021, under the provisions of a February 2020 US-Taliban agreement. By April 2021, the State Department was urging American civilians in Afghanistan to leave as soon as possible.[401][402] The Taliban began an offensive on May 1. As late as July, American intelligence assessments estimated Kabul would fall to the Taliban months or weeks after the withdrawal of American forces from Afghanistan.[403][404] By early July, most American troops in Afghanistan had withdrawn.[388] Biden addressed the withdrawal in July, saying, "The likelihood there's going to be the Taliban overrunning everything and owning the whole country is highly unlikely."[388]

    On August 15, the Afghan government collapsed under the Taliban offensive, and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani fled the country.[388][405] Biden reacted by ordering 6,000 American troops to assist in the evacuation of American personnel and Afghan allies.[406] He was widely criticized for the manner of the withdrawal, with allegations of poor planning for the evacuation of Americans and Afghan allies, and for his silence and absence during the days before the collapse of the Afghan government.[405][407][408]

    On August 16, Biden addressed the "messy" situation, taking responsibility for it, and admitting that the situation "unfolded more quickly than we had anticipated".[405][409] He defended his decision to withdraw, saying that Americans should not be "dying in a war that Afghan forces are not willing to fight for themselves.[409][410]

    On August 22, Biden said that his administration knew that ISIS-K was a "likely source" of threat.[411] On August 26, a suicide bombing at the Kabul airport killed 13 U.S. service members and 169 Afghans. Biden declared to the attackers that the United States "will hunt you down and make you pay".[412] On August 27, an American drone strike killed two ISIS-K targets, who were "planners and facilitators", according to a U.S. Army general.[413] On August 29, another American drone strike killed 10 civilians, including seven children; the Defense Department initially claimed the strike was conducted on an Islamic State suicide bomber threatening Kabul Airport, but admitted the mistake on September 17 and apologized.[414]

    The U.S. military left Afghanistan on August 30, with Biden saying that the evacuation effort was an "extraordinary success", by extracting over 120,000 Americans, Afghans and other allies.[415] He acknowledged that between "100 to 200" Americans who wanted to leave were left in Afghanistan, despite his August 18 pledge to stay in Afghanistan until all Americans who wanted to leave had left.[416] The Biden administration, joining governments of almost 100 countries, said that the Taliban had given "assurances" that anyone "with travel authorization from [these] countries" would continue to be allowed to leave Afghanistan.[417]

    Infrastructure and climate

    Further information: Infrastructure policy of the Joe Biden administration and Environmental policy of the Joe Biden administration
    Biden, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson and UN Secretary-General António Guterres at the opening ceremony of the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow on November 1, 2021

    As part of Biden's Build Back Better agenda, in late March 2021, he proposed the American Jobs Plan, a trillion package addressing issues including transport infrastructure, utilities infrastructure, broadband infrastructure, housing, schools, manufacturing, research and workforce development.[418][419] After months of negotiations among Biden and lawmakers, in August 2021 the Senate passed a

    trillion bipartisan infrastructure bill called the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act,[420][421] while the House, also in a bipartisan manner, approved that bill in early November 2021, covering infrastructure related to transport, utilities, and broadband.[422] Biden signed the bill into law in mid-November 2021.[423]

    As COP26, scheduled for October 31 to November 12, 2021, approached, Biden increased his efforts to address climate change domestically and internationally. He promoted an agreement that the U.S. and the European Union cut methane emissions by a third by 2030 and tried to add dozens of other countries to the effort.[424] He tried to convince China[425] and Australia[426] to do more. He convened an online Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate Change to press other countries to strengthen their climate policy.[427][428] Biden pledged to double climate funding to developing countries by 2024.[429] Also at COP26, the U.S. and China reached a deal on greenhouse gas emission reduction. The two countries are responsible for 40% of global emissions.[430]

    Political positions

    Main article: Political positions of Joe Biden

    Biden is considered a moderate Democrat[431] and a centrist,[432][433] though more recently he has been seen as shifting to the left.[434][435][436] He has a lifetime liberal 72% score from the Americans for Democratic Action through 2004, while the American Conservative Union gave him a lifetime conservative rating of 13% through 2008.[437]

    Biden supported the fiscal stimulus in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009;[438][439] the Obama administration's proposed increase in infrastructure spending;[439] subsidies for mass transit, including Amtrak, bus, and subway;[440] and the reduced military spending in the Obama administration's fiscal year 2014 budget.[441][442] He has proposed partially reversing the corporate tax cuts of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, saying that doing so would not hurt businesses' ability to hire.[443][444] He voted for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)[445] and the Trans-Pacific Partnership.[446] Biden is a staunch supporter of the Affordable Care Act (ACA).[447][448] He has promoted a plan to expand and build upon it, paid for by revenue gained from reversing some Trump administration tax cuts.[447] Biden's plan aims to expand health insurance coverage to 97% of Americans, including by creating a public health insurance option.[449]

    Biden has supported same-sex marriage since 2012[450][451] and also supports Roe v. Wade and repealing the Hyde Amendment.[452][453] He opposes drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and supports governmental funding to find new energy sources.[454] As a senator, he forged deep relationships with police groups and was a chief proponent of a Police Officer's Bill of Rights measure that police unions supported but police chiefs opposed. As vice president, he served as a White House liaison to police.[455][456]

    Biden believes action must be taken on global warming. As a senator, he co-sponsored the Sense of the Senate resolution calling on the United States to take part in the United Nations climate negotiations and the Boxer–Sanders Global Warming Pollution Reduction Act, the most stringent climate bill in the United States Senate.[457] He wants to achieve a carbon-free power sector in the U.S. by 2035 and stop emissions completely by 2050.[458] His program includes reentering the Paris Agreement, nature conservation, and green building.[459] Biden wants to pressure China and other countries to cut greenhouse gas emissions by carbon tariffs if necessary.[460][461]

    President Barack Obama and Biden talk with Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping, February 14, 2012

    Biden has said the U.S. needs to "get tough" on China and build "a united front of U.S. allies and partners to confront China's abusive behaviors and human rights violations".[462] He has called China the "most serious competitor" that poses challenges to the United States' "prosperity, security, and democratic values".[463] Biden has voiced concerns about China's "coercive and unfair" economic practices and human rights abuses in the Xinjiang region to the Chinese Communist Party leader Xi Jinping.[464] He also pledged to sanction and commercially restrict Chinese government officials and entities who carry out repression.[465]

    Biden has said he is against regime change, but for providing non-military support to opposition movements.[466] He opposed direct U.S. intervention in Libya,[467][228] voted against U.S. participation in the Gulf War,[468] voted in favor of the Iraq War,[469] and supports a two-state solution in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.[470] Biden has pledged to end U.S. support for the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen and to reevaluate the United States' relationship with Saudi Arabia.[300] He has called North Korea a "paper tiger".[471] As vice president, Biden supported Obama's Cuban thaw.[472] He has said that, as president, he would restore U.S. membership in key United Nations bodies, such as the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the World Health Organization,[473] and possibly the Human Rights Council.[474] Biden supports extending the New START arms control treaty with Russia to limit the number of nuclear weapons deployed by both sides.[475][476] In 2021, Biden recognized the Armenian genocide, becoming the first U.S. president to do so.[477]

    Reputation

    Main article: Public image of Joe Biden

    Biden was consistently ranked one of the least wealthy members of the Senate,[478][479][480] which he attributed to his having been elected young.[481] Feeling that less-wealthy public officials may be tempted to accept contributions in exchange for political favors, he proposed campaign finance reform measures during his first term.[93] As of November 2009[update], Biden's net worth was ,012.[482] By November 2020[update], the Bidens were worth  million, largely due to sales of Biden's books and speaking fees after his vice presidency.[483][484][485][486]

    The political writer Howard Fineman has written, "Biden is not an academic, he's not a theoretical thinker, he's a great street pol. He comes from a long line of working people in Scranton—auto salesmen, car dealers, people who know how to make a sale. He has that great Irish gift."[40] Political columnist David S. Broder wrote that Biden has grown over time: "He responds to real people—that's been consistent throughout. And his ability to understand himself and deal with other politicians has gotten much much better."[40] Journalist James Traub has written that "Biden is the kind of fundamentally happy person who can be as generous toward others as he is to himself."[158]

    In recent years, especially after the 2015 death of his elder son Beau, Biden has been noted for his empathetic nature and ability to communicate about grief.[487][488] In 2020, CNN wrote that his presidential campaign aimed to make him "healer-in-chief", while The New York Times described his extensive history of being called upon to give eulogies.[489]

    Journalist and TV anchor Wolf Blitzer has described Biden as loquacious.[490] He often deviates from prepared remarks[491] and sometimes "puts his foot in his mouth."[492][182][493][494]The New York Times wrote that Biden's "weak filters make him capable of blurting out pretty much anything."[182] In 2018, Biden called himself "a gaffe machine".[495] Some of his gaffes have been characterized as racially insensitive.[496][497][498][499]

    President Obama presents Biden with the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Distinction, January 12, 2017

    Distinctions

    Main article: List of honors and awards received by Joe Biden
    See also: List of things named after Joe Biden

    Electoral history

    Main article: Electoral history of Joe Biden
    Election results
    Year Office Party Votes for Biden % Opponent Party Votes %
    1970 County councilor Green tickY Democratic 10,573 55% Lawrence T. Messick Republican 8,192 43%
    1972 U.S. senator Green tickY Democratic 116,006 50% J. Caleb Boggs Republican 112,844 49%
    1978 Green tickY Democratic 93,930 58% James H. Baxter Jr. Republican 66,479 41%
    1984 Green tickY Democratic 147,831 60% John M. Burris Republican 98,101 40%
    1990 Green tickY Democratic 112,918 63% M. Jane Brady Republican 64,554 36%
    1996 Green tickY Democratic 165,465 60% Raymond J. Clatworthy Republican 105,088 38%
    2002 Green tickY Democratic 135,253 58% Raymond J. Clatworthy Republican 94,793 41%
    2008 Green tickY Democratic 257,484 65% Christine O'Donnell Republican 140,584 35%
    2008 Vice president Green tickY Democratic 69,498,516
    365 electoral votes (270 needed)
    53% Sarah Palin Republican 59,948,323
    173 electoral votes
    46%
    2012 Green tickY Democratic 65,915,795
    332 electoral votes (270 needed)
    51% Paul Ryan Republican 60,933,504
    206 electoral votes
    47%
    2020 President Green tickY Democratic 81,268,924
    306 electoral votes (270 needed)
    51% Donald Trump Republican 74,216,154
    232 electoral votes
    47%

    Publications

    Books

    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr.; Helms, Jesse (April 1, 2000). Hague Convention on International Child Abduction: Applicable Law and Institutional Framework Within Certain Convention Countries Report to the Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7567-2250-0.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (July 8, 2001). Putin Administration's Policies toward Non-Russian Regions of the Russian Federation: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-2624-9.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (July 24, 2001). Administration's Missile Defense Program and the ABM Treaty: Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-1959-3. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 5, 2016.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (September 5, 2001). Threat of Bioterrorism and the Spread of Infectious Diseases: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-2625-6.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (February 12, 2002). Examining The Theft Of American Intellectual Property At Home And Abroad: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-4177-8.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (February 14, 2002). Halting the Spread of HIV/AIDS: Future Efforts in the U.S. Bilateral & Multilateral Response: Hearings before the Comm. on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7567-3454-1.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (February 27, 2002). How Do We Promote Democratization, Poverty Alleviation, and Human Rights to Build a More Secure Future: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-2478-8.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (August 1, 2002). Hearings to Examine Threats, Responses, and Regional Considerations Surrounding Iraq: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-7567-2823-6.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (January 1, 2003). International Campaign Against Terrorism: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7567-3041-3.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (January 1, 2003). Political Future of Afghanistan: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7567-3039-0.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (September 1, 2003). Strategies for Homeland Defense: A Compilation by the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7567-2623-2.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (July 31, 2007). Promises to Keep. Random House. ISBN 978-1-4000-6536-3. Also paperback edition, Random House 2008, ISBN 978-0-8129-7621-2.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (November 14, 2017). Promise Me, Dad: A Year of Hope, Hardship, and Purpose. Flatiron Books. ISBN 978-1-250-17167-2.

    Book contributions

    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (2005). "Foreword". In Nicholson, William C. (ed.). Homeland Security Law and Policy. C. C Thomas. ISBN 978-0-398-07583-5.
    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr. (2009). "Foreword." In: Choosing Equality: Essays and Narratives on the Desegregation Experience. Edited by Robert L. Hayman, Jr. and Leland Ware. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-271-03433-1.

    Pamphlets

    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr., and Les Aspin, William Louis Dickinson, Brent Scowcroft (1982). Arms Sales: A Useful Foreign Policy Tool? American Enterprise Institute. AEI Forum 56. Moderated by John Charles Daly.

    Articles

    • Biden, Joseph R., Jr., and Miga Purev-Ochir (Spring 2015). "U.S.-Russian Relations in a Post-Cold War World: A Strategic Vision: Mapping a Future for U.S.-Russian Relations." Harvard International Review, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 72–76. JSTOR 43649299.

    Notes

    1. ^ Biden held the chairmanship from January 3 to 20, then was succeeded by Jesse Helms until June 6, and thereafter held the position until 2003.
    2. ^ Biden admired McCain politically as well as personally. In May 2004, he had urged McCain to run as vice president with presumptive Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry, saying the cross-party ticket would help heal the "vicious rift" in U.S. politics.[185]
    3. ^ Delaware's Democratic governor, Ruth Ann Minner, announced on November 24, 2008, that she would appoint Biden's longtime senior adviser Ted Kaufman to succeed Biden in the Senate.[199] Kaufman said he would serve only two years, until Delaware's special Senate election in 2010.[199] Biden's son Beau ruled himself out of the 2008 selection process due to his impending tour in Iraq with the Delaware Army National Guard.[200] He was a possible candidate for the 2010 special election, but in early 2010 said he would not run for the seat.[201]
    4. ^ Like previous potential transition teams, such as that of unsuccessful candidate Mitt Romney in 2012, the Biden transition team remained eligible for government funding in accordance with the Pre-Election Presidential Transition Act of 2010,[362][363] and Biden had been eligible to receive classified intelligence briefings since his nomination in August.[364] At least some government agencies had reportedly started their transition plans as early as November 9, 2020, with airspace being restricted over his home, and "the Secret Service ... using agents from its presidential protective detail for the president-elect and his family."[365]

    References

    1. ^ a b United States Congress. "Joseph R. Biden (id: b000444)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
    2. ^ Witcover (2010), p. 5.
    3. ^ Chase, Randall (January 9, 2010). "Vice President Biden's mother, Jean, dies at 92". WITN-TV. Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 20, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    4. ^ Smolenyak, Megan (September 3, 2002). "Joseph Biden Sr., 86, father of the senator". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
    5. ^ Witcover (2010), p. 9.
    6. ^ Smolenyak, Megan (July 2, 2012). "Joe Biden's Irish Roots". HuffPost. Archived from the original on April 28, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
    7. ^ "Number two Biden has a history over Irish debate". The Belfast Telegraph. November 9, 2008. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
    8. ^ a b Witcover (2010), p. 8.
    9. ^ Smolenyak, Megan (April–May 2013). "Joey From Scranton—VP Biden's Irish Roots". Irish America. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
    10. ^ Russell, Katie (January 8, 2021). "Joe Biden's family tree: how tragedy shaped the US president-elect". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
    11. ^ a b Biden, Joe (2008). Promises to Keep: On Life and Politics. Random House. pp. 16–17. ISBN 978-0-8129-7621-2.
    12. ^ Witcover (2010), pp. 7-8.
    13. ^ a b c d e f Broder, John M. (October 23, 2008). "Father's Tough Life an Inspiration for Biden". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2008.
    14. ^ a b Rubinkam, Michael (August 27, 2008). "Biden's Scranton childhood left lasting impression". Fox News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
    15. ^ Farzan, Antonia Noori (May 21, 2019). "Joe Biden, who left Scranton at 10, 'deserted' Pennsylvania". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 7, 2021.
    16. ^ Ebert, Jennifer (January 20, 2021). "Joe Biden's houses". Homes and Gardens. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
    17. ^ Newman, Meredith (June 24, 2019). "How Joe Biden went from 'Stutterhead' to senior class president". News Journal. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
    18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Almanac of American Politics 2008, p. 364.
    19. ^ Witcover (2010), pp. 27, 32.
    20. ^ Frank, Martin (September 28, 2008). "Biden was the stuttering kid who wanted the ball". The News Journal. p. D.1. Archived from the original on June 1, 2013.
    21. ^ a b Witcover (2010), pp. 40-41.
    22. ^ a b Taylor (1990), p. 99.
    23. ^ Biden, Promises to Keep, pp. 27, 32–33.
    24. ^ Montanaro, Domenico. "Fact Check: Biden's Too Tall Football Tale". firstread.nbcnews.com. NBC News. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012.
    25. ^ a b c d Dionne, E. J., Jr. (September 18, 1987). "Biden Admits Plagiarism in School But Says It Was Not 'Malevolent'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 20, 2011. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    26. ^ a b c d e "A timeline of U.S. Sen. Joe Biden's life and career". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. August 23, 2008. Archived from the original on September 25, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
    27. ^ Taylor (1990), p. 98.
    28. ^ Biden, Jr., Joseph R. (July 9, 2009). "Letter to National Stuttering Association chairman" (PDF). National Stuttering Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 28, 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2010.
    29. ^ Hook, Janet (September 16, 2019). "Joe Biden's childhood struggle with a stutter: How he overcame it and how it shaped him". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 16, 2019. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
    30. ^ Hendrickson, John (January–February 2020). "What Joe Biden Can't Bring Himself to Say". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on November 21, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
    31. ^ Bailey, Isaac J. (March 11, 2020). "Is Biden's Stutter Being Mistaken for "Cognitive Decline"?". Nieman Reports. Cambridge, MA: Nieman Foundation for Journalism. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    32. ^ Carlisle, Madeleine (December 20, 2019). "Sarah Huckabee Sanders Apologizes To Joe Biden After Mocking Debate Response on Stuttering". Time. New York, NY. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    33. ^ Biden, Promises to Keep, pp. 32, 36–37.
    34. ^ Witcover (2010), pp. 50, 75.
    35. ^ Caldera, Camille (September 16, 2020). "Fact check: Biden, like Trump, received multiple draft deferments from Vietnam". USA Today. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
    36. ^ a b c d e f g Leubsdorf, Carl P. (September 6, 1987). "Biden Keeps Sights Set On White House". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021. Reprinted in "Lifelong ambition led Joe Biden to Senate, White House aspirations". The Dallas Morning News. August 23, 2008. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008.
    37. ^ Barrett, Laurence I. (June 22, 1987). "Campaign Portrait, Joe Biden: Orator for the Next Generation". Time. Archived from the original on November 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    38. ^ a b c d e f g Current Biography Yearbook 1987, p. 43.
    39. ^ Witcover (2010), p. 86.
    40. ^ a b c d Palmer, Nancy Doyle (February 1, 2009). "Joe Biden: 'Everyone Calls Me Joe'". Washingtonian. Archived from the original on July 31, 2016. Retrieved February 4, 2009.
    41. ^ Witcover (2010), p. 59.
    42. ^ Harriman, Jane (December 31, 1969). "Joe Biden: Hope for Democratic Party in '72?". Newspapers.com. The News Journal. p. 3. Archived from the original on August 2, 2020. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
    43. ^ Delaware Republican State Headquarters (1970). "Republican Information Center: 1970 List of Candidates" (PDF). University of Delaware Library Institutional Repository. Newark, DE: University of Delaware. p. 11. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
    44. ^ "County Ponders Housing Code". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. October 1, 1969. p. 2. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    45. ^ Lockman, Norm (December 20, 1969). "New Housing Code Favored for County". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. p. 2. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    46. ^ "County Council to Take Oath". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. January 2, 1971. p. 4. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    47. ^ "Conner Calls Shake of 7 Lucky Omen for Council". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. January 6, 1971. p. 3. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    48. ^ "Maloney Seeks New Businesses". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. January 2, 1973. p. 4. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    49. ^ "Swift Seeks 4th District County Seat". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. March 30, 1972. p. 41. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    50. ^ Frump, Bob (November 8, 1972). "GOP Decade Ends with Slawik Win". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. p. 3. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    51. ^ Zintl, Terry (March 14, 1973). "Shop Center Hackles Rise In Hockessin". The News Journal. Wilmington, DE. p. 64. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
    52. ^ Witcover (2010), p. 62.
    53. ^ a b c Naylor, Brian (October 8, 2007). "Biden's Road to Senate Took Tragic Turn". National Public Radio. Archived from the original on September 11, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
    54. ^ "President Joe Biden: 25 Things You Don't Know About Me!". Us Weekly. A360 Media LLC. January 20, 2021. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    55. ^ "Biden's Wife, Child Killed in Car Crash". The New York Times. December 19, 1972. p. 9. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 2, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
    56. ^ a b c Witcover (2010), pp. 93, 98.
    57. ^ Levey, Noam M. (August 24, 2008). "In his home state, Biden is a regular Joe". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
    58. ^ Kipp, Rachel (September 4, 2008). "No DUI in crash that killed Biden's 1st wife, but he's implied otherwise". The News Journal. p. A.1. Archived from the original on June 1, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    59. ^ "A Senator's Past: The Biden Car Crash". Inside Edition. August 27, 2008. Archived from the original on June 1, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
    60. ^ Orr, Bob (March 24, 2009). "Driver In Biden Crash Wanted Name Cleared". CBS News. Archived from the original on March 14, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
    61. ^ Hamilton, Carl (October 30, 2008). "Daughter of man in '72 Biden crash seeks apology from widowed Senator". Newark Post. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
    62. ^ Kruse, Michael (January 25, 2019). "How Grief Became Joe Biden's 'Superpower'". Politico. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
    63. ^ Biden, Promises to Keep, p. 81
    64. ^ Bumiller, Elisabeth (December 14, 2007). "Biden Campaigning With Ease After Hardships". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
    65. ^ "On Becoming Joe Biden". Morning Edition. NPR. August 1, 2007. Archived from the original on September 9, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
    66. ^ Biden, Promises to Keep, p. 113.
    67. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (August 24, 2008). "Jill Biden Heads Toward Life in the Spotlight". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    68. ^ Dart, Bob (October 24, 2008). "Bidens met, forged life together after tragedy". Orlando Sentinel. Cox News Service. Archived from the original on October 20, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    69. ^ Biden, Promises to Keep, p. 117.
    70. ^ Sarkadi, Zsolt (November 8, 2020). "Biden és felesége 1977-ben a Balatonnál voltak nászúton". 444.hu (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
    71. ^ Adler, Katya (November 8, 2020). "US election: What does Joe Biden's win mean for Brexit Britain and Europe?". BBC News. Archived from the original on November 10, 2020. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
    72. ^ Gibson, Ginger (August 25, 2008). "Parishioners not surprised to see Biden at usual Mass". The News Journal. p. A.12. Archived from the original on June 1, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    73. ^ "Ashley Biden and Howard Krein". The New York Times. June 3, 2012. p. ST15. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    74. ^ Cooper, Christopher (August 20, 2008). "Biden's Foreign Policy Background Carries Growing Cachet". The Wall Street Journal. p. A4. Archived from the original on August 13, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    75. ^ Helsel, Phil (May 31, 2015). "Beau Biden, Son of Vice President Joe Biden, Dies After Battle With Brain Cancer". NBC News. Archived from the original on January 22, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
    76. ^ Kane, Paul (May 31, 2015). "Family losses frame Vice President Biden's career". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
    77. ^ Evans, Heidi (December 28, 2008). "From a blind date to second lady, Jill Biden's coming into her own". New York Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on January 4, 2009. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
    78. ^ Evon, Dan (October 16, 2020). "Did Biden Teach Constitutional Law for 21 Years?". Snopes. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
    79. ^ Fauzia, Miriam (October 28, 2020). "Fact check: If he loses election, Biden said he wants to teach, but where is uncertain". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    80. ^ "Faculty: Joseph R. Biden, Jr". Widener University School of Law. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
    81. ^ "Senator Biden becomes Vice President-elect". Widener University School of Law. November 6, 2008. Archived from the original on January 5, 2009. Retrieved November 26, 2008.
    82. ^ Purchla, Matt (August 26, 2008). "For Widener Law students, a teacher aims high". Metro Philadelphia. Archived from the original on October 4, 2008. Retrieved September 25, 2008.
    83. ^ Carey, Kathleen E. (August 27, 2008). "Widener students proud of Biden". Delaware County Daily and Sunday Times. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved September 25, 2008.
    84. ^ a b "Oath Solemn". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. January 6, 1973. p. 11. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    85. ^ Public DomainOne or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: "Youngest Senator". United States Senate. Archived from the original on December 26, 2002. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    86. ^ Public DomainOne or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
    87. ^ Pride, Mike (December 1, 2007). "Biden a smart guy who has lived his family values". Concord Monitor. Archived from the original on December 3, 2007. Retrieved October 4, 2008.
    88. ^ "200 Faces for the Future". Time. July 15, 1974. Archived from the original on August 13, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    89. ^ Kelley, Kitty (June 1, 1974). "Death and the All-American Boy". Washingtonian. Archived from the original on November 10, 2020. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
    90. ^ a b c d e f g h Gordon, Michael R. (August 24, 2008). "In Biden, Obama chooses a foreign policy adherent of diplomacy before force". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 27, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
    91. ^ Current Biography Yearbook 1987, p. 45.
    92. ^ Salacuse, Jeswald W. (2005). Leading Leaders: How to Manage Smart, Talented, Rich and Powerful People. American Management Association. ISBN 978-0-8144-0855-1. p. 144.
    93. ^ a b c Current Biography Yearbook 1987, p. 44.
    94. ^ Fifield, Anna (January 4, 2013). "Biden faces key role in second term". Financial Times. Archived from the original on July 20, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    95. ^ Scherer, Michael (January 16, 2013). "America's New Gunfight: Inside the Campaign to Avert Mass Shootings". Time. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021. Cover story.
    96. ^ Finley, Bruce (September 19, 2014). "Biden: Men who don't stop violence against women are "cowards"". The Denver Post. Archived from the original on October 13, 2015. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    97. ^ "Domestic Violence". Biden senate website. Archived from the original on August 22, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
    98. ^ Herndon, Astead W. (January 21, 2019). "On King Holiday, Democrats Convey Hope, Remorse and Invective Against Trump". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on November 10, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
    99. ^ Martin, Jonathan; Burns, Alexander (January 6, 2019). "Biden in 2020? Allies Say He Sees Himself as Democrats' Best Hope". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 10, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    100. ^ Schor, Elana; Kinnard, Meg (January 21, 2019). "Biden says he regrets 1990s crime bill, calls it a 'big mistake' at MLK Day event". Delaware Online. Associated Press. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
    101. ^ "10 U.S.C. 654 - Policy concerning homosexuality in the armed forces". govinfo.gov. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
    102. ^ Epstein, Reid J.; Lerer, Lisa (September 20, 2019). "Joe Biden Has Tense Exchange Over L.G.B.T.Q. Record". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 16, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
    103. ^ Del Real, Jose A. (March 8, 2020). "Sanders attacks Biden's record on gay rights and women's issues". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 8, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
    104. ^ "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 104th Congress—2nd Session". senate.gov. Archived from the original on May 7, 2005. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
    105. ^ de Vogue, Ariane; Diamond, Jeremy (June 27, 2015). "Supreme Court rules states must allow same-sex marriage". CNN. Archived from the original on June 27, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
    106. ^ a b c d Almanac of American Politics 2008, p. 366.
    107. ^ "Obama introduces Biden as running mate". CNN. August 23, 2008. Archived from the original on January 9, 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
    108. ^ "Longest Serving Senators". United States Senate. United States Senate. Archived from the original on September 19, 2018. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
    109. ^ Gadsden, Brett (May 5, 2019). "Here's How Deep Biden's Busing Problem Runs". Politico. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
    110. ^ Gadsen 2012, p. 214.
    111. ^ a b Sokol, Jason (August 4, 2015). "How a Young Joe Biden Turned Liberals Against Integration". Politico. Archived from the original on November 10, 2020. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
    112. ^ Gadsen 2012, pp. 220–221.
    113. ^ Raffel, Jeffrey A. (1998). Historical Dictionary of School Segregation and Desegregation: The American Experience. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-313-29502-7. Archived from the original on September 30, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    114. ^ Altman, Lawrence K. (February 23, 1998). "The Doctor's World; Subtle Clues Are Often The Only Warnings Of Perilous Aneurysms". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 28, 2020. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    115. ^ a b c Altman, Lawrence K. (October 19, 2008). "Many Holes in Disclosure of Nominees' Health". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 25, 2010. Retrieved October 26, 2008.
    116. ^ "Biden Resting After Surgery For Second Brain Aneurysm". The New York Times. Associated Press. May 4, 1988. Archived from the original on January 5, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    117. ^ Woodward, Calvin (August 23, 2008). "V.P. candidate profile: Sen. Joe Biden". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
    118. ^ Dionne Jr., E. J. (June 10, 1987). "Biden Joins Campaign for the Presidency". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 5, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    119. ^ a b Toner, Robin (August 31, 1987). "Biden, Once the Field's Hot Democrat, Is Being Overtaken by Cooler Rivals". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    120. ^ a b Taylor (1990), p. 83.
    121. ^ Taylor (1990), pp. 108-109.
    122. ^ Dowd, Maureen (September 12, 1987). "Biden's Debate Finale: An Echo From Abroad". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    123. ^ Randolph, Eleanor (September 13, 1987). "Plagiarism Suggestion Angers Biden's Aides". The Washington Post. p. A6. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    124. ^ a b Risen, James; Shogan, Robert (September 16, 1987). "Differing Versions Cited on Source of Passages: Biden Facing New Flap Over Speeches". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    125. ^ Germond, Jack; Witcover, Jules (1989). Whose Broad Stripes and Bright Stars? The Trivial Pursuit of the Presidency 1988. Warner Books. ISBN 978-0-446-51424-8.
    126. ^ Dowd, Maureen (September 16, 1987). "Biden Is Facing Growing Debate On His Speeches". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    127. ^ May, Lee (September 18, 1987). "Biden Admits Plagiarism in Writing Law School Brief". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    128. ^ "Professional Board Clears Biden In Two Allegations of Plagiarism". The New York Times. Associated Press. May 29, 1989. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    129. ^ Dionne, Jr., E. J. (September 22, 1987). "Biden Admits Errors and Criticizes Latest Report". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    130. ^ "1988 Road to the White House with Sen. Biden". C-SPAN via YouTube. August 23, 2008. Archived from the original on November 14, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
    131. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt (June 3, 2019). "Biden's First Run for President Was a Calamity. Some Missteps Still Resonate". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 3, 2019. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
    132. ^ Pomper, Gerald M. (1989). "The Presidential Nominations". The Election of 1988. Chatham House Publishers. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-934540-77-3. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
    133. ^ Dionne Jr., E. J. (September 24, 1987). "Biden Withdraws Bid for President in Wake of Furor". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 21, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    134. ^ Smith, David (September 7, 2020). "Neil Kinnock on Biden's plagiarism 'scandal' and why he deserves to win: 'Joe's an honest guy'". The Guardian. Retrieved February 24, 2021.
    135. ^ a b Bronner, Battle for Justice, pp. 138–139, 214, 305.
    136. ^ a b c Greenhouse, Linda (October 8, 1987). "Washington Talk: The Bork Hearings; For Biden: Epoch of Belief, Epoch of Incredulity". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    137. ^ "Senate's Roll-Call On the Bork Vote". The New York Times. Associated Press. October 24, 1987. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    138. ^ a b Mayer; Abramson, Strange Justice, p. 213, 218, 336.
    139. ^ Greenburg, Jan Crawford (September 30, 2007). "Clarence Thomas: A Silent Justice Speaks Out: Part VI: Becoming a Judge—and perhaps a Justice". ABC News. Archived from the original on June 22, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2008.
    140. ^ "Nina Totenberg, NPR Biography". NPR. Archived from the original on April 14, 2008. Retrieved May 31, 2008.
    141. ^ "Excerpt from Nina Totenberg's breaking National Public Radio report on Anita Hill's accusation of sexual harassment by Clarence Thomas". NPR. Jewish Women's Archive. October 6, 1991. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved October 5, 2008.
    142. ^ a b c Phillips, Kate (August 23, 2008). "Biden and Anita Hill, Revisited". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 11, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
    143. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay; Martin, Jonathan (April 25, 2019). "Joe Biden Expresses Regret to Anita Hill, but She Says 'I'm Sorry' Is Not Enough". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 25, 2019. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
    144. ^ Almanac of American Politics 2000, p. 372.
    145. ^ "How the senators voted on impeachment". CNN. February 12, 1999. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    146. ^ Pilkington, Ed (December 2, 2019). "How Biden Helped Create the Student Debt Problem He Now Promises to Fix". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 6, 2020. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
    147. ^ Verma, Pranshu (October 24, 2020). "Biden, an Amtrak Evangelist, Could Be a Lifeline for a Rail Agency in Crisis". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on November 19, 2020. Retrieved November 19, 2020.
    148. ^ a b c d Almanac of American Politics 2008, p. 365.
    149. ^ a b c d e f g h i Richter, Paul; Levey, Noam N. (August 24, 2008). "Joe Biden respected—if not always popular—for foreign policy record". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
    150. ^ Kessler, Glenn (September 23, 2008). "Meetings with Foreign Leaders? Biden's Been There, Done That". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
    151. ^ Clymer, Adam (January 13, 1991). "Congress Acts to Authorize War in Gulf". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    152. ^ a b c d e Kessler, Glenn (October 7, 2008). "Biden Played Less Than Key Role in Bosnia Legislation". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 26, 2009. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
    153. ^ Borger, Julian (June 10, 2021). "Why Joe Biden is so invested in defending Good Friday agreement". The Guardian. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
    154. ^ a b Holmes, Elizabeth (August 25, 2008). "Biden, McCain Have a Friendship—and More—in Common". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
    155. ^ Crowley, Michael (September 24, 2009). "Hawk Down". The New Republic. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2021. Even before Obama announced his run for president, Biden was warning that Afghanistan, not Iraq, was the 'central front' in the war against Al Qaeda, requiring a major U.S. commitment. 'Whatever it takes, we should do it,' Biden said in February 2002.
    156. ^ Russert, Tim (April 29, 2007). "MTP Transcript for April 29, 2007". Meet the Press. NBC News. p. 2. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    157. ^ Weisbrot, Mark (February 18, 2020). "Joe Biden championed the Iraq war. Will that come back to haunt him now?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 9, 2021. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
    158. ^ a b c d e f g Traub, James (November 24, 2009). "After Cheney". The New York Times Magazine. p. MM34. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    159. ^ Shanker, Thom (August 19, 2007). "Divided They Stand, but on Graves". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    160. ^ a b c Parker, Ned; Salman, Raheem (October 1, 2007). "U.S. vote unites Iraqis in anger". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    161. ^ Witcover (2010), pp. 572–573.
    162. ^ Henry, Ed (May 16, 2008). "Dems fire back at Bush on 'appeasement' statement". CNN. Archived from the original on September 20, 2008. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
    163. ^ "Sen. Biden not running for president". CNN. August 12, 2003. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
    164. ^ Balz, Dan (February 1, 2007). "Biden Stumbles at the Starting Gate". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 18, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    165. ^ "Transcript: The Democratic Debate". ABC News. August 19, 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved September 24, 2008.
    166. ^ Farrell, Joelle (November 1, 2007). "A noun, a verb and 9/11". Concord Monitor. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    167. ^ "Conventions 2008: Sen. Joseph Biden (D)". National Journal. August 25, 2008. Archived from the original on September 6, 2008. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
    168. ^ "Iowa Democratic Party Caucus Results". Iowa Democratic Party. Archived from the original on December 29, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
    169. ^ Murray, Shailagh (January 4, 2008). "Biden, Dodd Withdraw From Race". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 20, 2008. Retrieved August 29, 2008.
    170. ^ a b c d e Heilemann, John; Halperin, Mark (2010). Game Change: Obama and the Clintons, McCain and Palin, and the Race of a Lifetime. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-173363-5.
    171. ^ a b c Wolffe, Renegade, p. 218.
    172. ^ a b c Lizza, Ryan (October 20, 2008). "Biden's Brief". The New Yorker. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
    173. ^ a b c d e f Cummings, Jeanne (September 16, 2009). "Joe Biden, 'the skunk at the family picnic'". The Politico. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
    174. ^ Vargas, Jose Antonio (August 23, 2008). "Obama's veep message to supporters". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    175. ^ Nagourney, Adam; Zeleny, Jeff (August 23, 2008). "Obama Chooses Biden as Running Mate". The New York Times. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
    176. ^ Dionne, Jr., E.J. (August 25, 2008). "Tramps Like Us: How Joe Biden will reassure working class voters and change the tenor of this week's convention". The New Republic. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    177. ^ Wolffe, Renegade, p. 217.
    178. ^ Travers, Karen (June 15, 2009). "VP Biden Keeping the Door Open for 2016?". Political Punch. ABC News. Archived from the original on October 17, 2010. Retrieved October 14, 2010.
    179. ^ "Biden in 2016?". CNN. October 21, 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
    180. ^ a b c d e Leibovich, Mark (May 7, 2012). "For a Blunt Biden, an Uneasy Supporting Role". The New York Times. p. 1. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    181. ^ Brown, Jennifer (August 27, 2008). "Biden accepts VP nomination". The Denver Post. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
    182. ^ a b c d e Leibovich, Mark (September 19, 2008). "Meanwhile, the Other No. 2 Keeps On Punching". The New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2008.
    183. ^ Tapper, Jake (September 14, 2008). "Joe Who?". ABC News. Archived from the original on September 15, 2008. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
    184. ^ Jurkowitz, Mark (September 14, 2008). "Northern Exposure Still Dominates the News". Pew Research Center. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
    185. ^ "McCain urged to Jin Kerry Ticket". NBC News. Reuters. May 16, 2004. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
    186. ^ "Senate Passes Economic Rescue Package". NY1. October 1, 2008. Archived from the original on October 5, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
    187. ^ Witcover (2010), pp. 655–661.
    188. ^ a b c Broder, John M. (October 30, 2008). "Hitting the Backroads, and Having Less to Say". The New York Times. Retrieved October 31, 2008.
    189. ^ a b Tumulty, Karen (October 29, 2008). "Hidin' Biden: Reining In a Voluble No. 2". Time. Retrieved November 1, 2008.
    190. ^ a b McGrane, Victoria (November 3, 2008). "Where have you gone, Joe Biden?". Politico. Retrieved November 3, 2008.
    191. ^ "Biden reliable running mate despite gaffes". Asbury Park Press. Associated Press. October 26, 2008.
    192. ^ "Obama: 'This is your victory'". CNN. November 4, 2008. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
    193. ^ Franke-Ruta, Garance (November 19, 2008). "McCain Takes Missouri". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
    194. ^ "President—Election Center 2008". CNN. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
    195. ^ Chase, Randall (August 24, 2008). "Biden Wages 2 Campaigns At Once". Fox News. Associated Press. Retrieved August 29, 2008.
    196. ^ Nuckols, Ben (November 4, 2008). "Biden wins 7th Senate term but may not serve". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
    197. ^ a b Gaudiano, Nicole (January 7, 2009). "A bittersweet oath for Biden". The News Journal. Archived from the original on February 12, 2009. Retrieved February 7, 2009.
    198. ^ Turner, Trish (January 15, 2009). "Senate Releases 0 Billion in Bailout Funds to Obama". Fox News. Associated Press. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
    199. ^ a b Milford, Phil (November 24, 2008). "Kaufman Picked by Governor to Fill Biden Senate Seat (Update 3)". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on November 16, 2008. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
    200. ^ Kraushaar, Josh (November 24, 2008). "Ted Kaufman to succeed Biden in Senate". Politico. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
    201. ^ Hulse, Carl (January 25, 2010). "Biden's Son Will Not Run for Delaware's Open Senate Seat". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
    202. ^ Becker, Bernie (January 15, 2009). "Biden and Clinton Say Goodbye to Senate". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
    203. ^ "Ted Kaufman". Ballotpedia. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
    204. ^ "Biden says he'll be different vice president". CNN. December 22, 2008. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved December 22, 2008.
    205. ^ Holland, Steve (November 13, 2008). "Biden picks former Gore aide as chief of staff". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 3, 2009. Retrieved November 13, 2008.
    206. ^ Hornick, Ed; Levs, Josh (December 21, 2008). "What Obama promised Biden". CNN. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2008.
    207. ^ Lee, Carol E. (January 6, 2009). "'Senator' Biden's trip raises concerns". Politico. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved January 9, 2009.
    208. ^ "In culminating moment, Biden is vice president". OregonLive.com. Associated Press. January 20, 2009. Archived from the original on January 1, 2020. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
    209. ^ "Think you know your election trivia?". CNN. November 3, 2008. Archived from the original on November 6, 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
    210. ^ Rudin, Ken (January 9, 2009). "The First Catholic Vice President?". NPR. Archived from the original on September 25, 2019. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
    211. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (November 6, 2008). "VP's home awaits if Biden chooses". The News Journal. Archived from the original on November 9, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2008.
    212. ^ a b Leibovich, Mark (March 28, 2009). "Speaking Freely, Biden Finds Influential Role". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 1, 2009. Retrieved March 31, 2009.
    213. ^ Chun, Kwang-Ho (2011). "Kosovo: A New European Nation-State?" (PDF). Journal of International and Area Studies. 18 (1): 91, 94. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    214. ^ Dilanian, Ken (June 11, 2009). "In a supporting role, Clinton takes a low-key approach at State Dept". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 16, 2011. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
    215. ^ Smith, Ben (June 23, 2009). "Hillary Clinton toils in the shadows". Politico. Archived from the original on September 16, 2015. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
    216. ^ a b Bailey, Holly; Thomas, Evan (October 10, 2009). "An Inconvenient Truth Teller". Newsweek. Archived from the original on November 23, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2009.
    217. ^ Osnos, Evan (August 12, 2014). "Breaking Up: Maliki and Biden". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on October 2, 2015. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
    218. ^ Loffman, Matt (February 11, 2010). "Vice President Biden: Iraq "Could Be One of the Great Achievements of This Administration"". ABC News. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    219. ^ "Iraq reinstates 59 election candidates". Agence France-Presse. January 25, 2010. Archived from the original on March 20, 2013. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    220. ^ a b c d Scherer, Michael (June 11, 2012). "Mo Joe". Time. pp. 26–30.
    221. ^ Crowley, Michael (November 9, 2014). "The war over President Obama's new war in Iraq". Politico. Archived from the original on October 13, 2015. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
    222. ^ Scherer, Michael (July 1, 2009). "What Happened to the Stimulus?". Time. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
    223. ^ Travers, Karen (February 17, 2011). "'Sheriff Joe' Biden Touts Recovery Act Success—and Hands Over His Badge". ABC News. Archived from the original on February 21, 2011. Retrieved March 19, 2011.
    224. ^ Silva, Mark; Parsons, Christi (May 1, 2009). "White House adjusts Biden's swine flu advice". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 9, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
    225. ^ "White House tempers Biden's swine flu advice". The Boston Globe. May 1, 2009. Archived from the original on May 5, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
    226. ^ Kurtzman, Daniel (May 8, 2009). "The Week's Best Late-Night Jokes". About.com. Archived from the original on June 11, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
    227. ^ "Biden: 'We misread how bad the economy was'". NBC News. Associated Press. July 5, 2009. Archived from the original on December 17, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
    228. ^ a b c Baker, Peter (April 28, 2019). "Biden and Obama's 'Odd Couple' Relationship Aged Into Family Ties". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on June 6, 2020. Retrieved April 26, 2020. He was also the in-house skeptic on the use of force, arguing against a troop surge to Afghanistan, military intervention in Libya and the raid that killed Osama bin Laden.
    229. ^ Parnes, Amie (June 28, 2011). "The Bidens' 'regular' lives". Politico. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
    230. ^ a b Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (October 12, 2010). "Vice President Tries to Energize Democrats". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 28, 2010. Retrieved October 14, 2010.
    231. ^ a b Lee, Carol E.; Bresnahan, John (December 9, 2010). "Joe Biden expands role as White House link to Congress". Politico. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
    232. ^ a b c d Cooper, Helene (December 11, 2010). "As the Ground Shifts, Biden Plays a Bigger Role". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 13, 2010. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
    233. ^ Hulse, Carl; Calmes, Jackie (December 7, 2010). "Biden and G.O.P. Leader Helped Hammer Out Bipartisan Tax Accord". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 8, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
    234. ^ Herszenhorn, David M.; Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (December 7, 2010). "Democrats Skeptical of Obama on New Tax Plan". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
    235. ^ "Obama Welcomes Budget Deal; Biden to Lead Talks". CNBC. Reuters. March 2, 2011. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved March 9, 2011.
    236. ^ Reid, Tim (May 16, 2011). "Q A: Debt and deficit talks in early stages". Reuters. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
    237. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (May 4, 2011). "Biden tasked with achieving consensus on cutting deficit". The News Journal. Retrieved May 17, 2011.[permanent dead link]
    238. ^ a b Thrush, Glenn; Brown, Carrie Budoff; Raju, Manu; Bresnahan, John (August 2, 2011). "Joe Biden, Mitch McConnell and the making of a debt deal". Politico. Archived from the original on September 22, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2011.
    239. ^ a b Feller, Ben; Pace, Julie; Kellman, Laurie; Benac, Nancy (August 3, 2011). "The real drama was in private as debt deal hatched". Fox News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved August 4, 2011.
    240. ^ Bohan, Caren; Sullivan, Andy; Ferraro, Thomas (August 3, 2011). "Special report: How Washington took the U.S. to the brink". Reuters. Archived from the original on October 13, 2017. Retrieved August 4, 2011.
    241. ^ Weigel, David (January 10, 2014). "Hillary Told the President That Her Opposition to the Surge in Iraq Had Been Political". Slate. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    242. ^ Thiessen, Marc A. (October 8, 2012). "Biden's Bin Laden Hypocrisy". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved August 29, 2015.
    243. ^ Andersen Brower, Kate (June 1, 2018). "Hillary Clinton's 'ass-covering' on bin Laden raid 'rattled' Biden". The Hill. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
    244. ^ "Osama Bin Laden dead; President Obama addresses nation". Times Herald-Record. NewsCore. May 2, 2011. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
    245. ^ a b c Martin, Jonathan (October 31, 2013). "Book Details Obama Aides' Talks About Replacing Biden on 2012 Ticket". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    246. ^ Allen, Jonathan (November 1, 2013). "W.H.: Obama never considered dropping Joe Biden". Politico. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
    247. ^ Parsons, Christi (May 6, 2012). "Biden 'comfortable' with equal rights for gays who wed". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 26, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
    248. ^ a b c "AP source: Biden apologizes to Obama over comments". Fox News. Associated Press. May 10, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2018. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
    249. ^ a b Thrush, Glenn (August 20, 2012). "Politico e-book: Obama campaign roiled by conflict". Politico. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    250. ^ Thursh, Glenn (August 23, 2012). "6 hidden fault lines in President Obama's campaign". Politico. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    251. ^ Calmes, Jackie; Baker, Peter (May 9, 2012). "Obama Says Same-Sex Marriage Should Be Legal". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 10, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
    252. ^ Pace, Julie (May 10, 2012). "Joe Biden Reportedly Apologized To Obama Over Gay Marriage Comments". The Huffington Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 28, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
    253. ^ a b c Von Drehle, David (September 10, 2012). "Let There Be Joe". Time. pp. 41–43. Archived from the original on November 9, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    254. ^ a b Memoli, Michael A. (August 17, 2012). "Biden's unscripted moments keep campaign on its toes". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    255. ^ Martin, Jonathan (August 16, 2012). "Mission Impossible: Managing Joe Biden". Politico. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    256. ^ Siegel, Elyse (September 6, 2012). "Beau Biden Speech Kicks Of Motion To Nominate Father Joe Biden For Vice President". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    257. ^ O'Brien, Michael (October 11, 2012). "Biden plays aggressor in debate as Ryan makes GOP case". NBC News. Archived from the original on September 28, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    258. ^ "Sparks fly as Biden, Ryan face off in feisty vice presidential debate". Fox News. October 12, 2012. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    259. ^ "Obama defeats Romney to win second term, vows he has 'more work to do'". Fox News. November 7, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
    260. ^ Memoli, Michael A. (January 4, 2013). "It's official: Obama, Biden win second term". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    261. ^ Caldwell, Leigh Ann (December 19, 2012). "Obama sets up gun violence task force". CBS News. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    262. ^ Demirjian, Karoun (January 1, 2013). "It's over: House passes 'fiscal cliff' deal". Las Vegas Sun. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    263. ^ a b Fram, Alan (January 2, 2013). "Congress' OK of fiscal cliff deal gives Obama a win, prevents GOP blame for tax boosts". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013.
    264. ^ Rampton, Roberta (January 20, 2013). "Vice President Biden sworn into office for second term". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 22, 2013.
    265. ^ Bresnahan, John; Manu, Raju; Sherman, Jake; Brown, Carrie Budoff (October 18, 2013). "Anatomy of a shutdown". Politico. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    266. ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (October 13, 2013). "Biden mostly out of sight as shutdown drags on". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    267. ^ Bowman, Bridget (October 14, 2013). "Biden takes a back seat during budget negotiations over shutdown". PBS NewsHour. PBS. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    268. ^ "Rape and sexual assault: A renewed call to action" (PDF). whitehouse.gov. January 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 21, 2017. Retrieved August 24, 2016 – via National Archives.
    269. ^ "Memorandum: Establishing White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault". whitehouse.gov (Press release). January 22, 2014. Archived from the original on January 22, 2017. Retrieved June 10, 2014 – via National Archives.
    270. ^ Hayes, Dianne (2012). "Looking The Other Way?". Diverse: Issues in Higher Education.
    271. ^ Elaine Grant (April 5, 2011). "Federal Effort Targets Sexual Assaults At Colleges". NPR. Archived from the original on April 5, 2019. Retrieved April 5, 2019. BIDEN: Look, guys, no matter what a girl does, no matter how she's dressed, no matter how much she's had to drink, it's never, never, never, never, never OK to touch her without her consent.
    272. ^ Schow, Ashe (April 4, 2019). "Biden Reaps the #MeToo Whirlwind". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on April 5, 2019. Retrieved April 5, 2019. While speaking to students at the University of New Hampshire in 2011, then-Vice President Joe Biden told men in the audience that 'no matter what a girl does, no matter how she's dressed, no matter how much she's had to drink—it's never, never, never, never, never OK to touch her without her consent.'
    273. ^ Friedersdorf, Conor (September 18, 2014). "Who to Blame If Arming the Syrian Rebels Goes Wrong". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on May 12, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    274. ^ Gerstein, Josh (June 13, 2014). "Was Joe Biden right?". Politico. Archived from the original on September 27, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
    275. ^ Kitfield, James (January 30, 2014). "Turns Out, Joe Biden Was Right About Dividing Iraq". National Journal. Archived from the original on October 11, 2017. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
    276. ^ Grier, Peter (September 3, 2014). "Joe Biden vows to chase Islamic State to 'gates of hell'. Does he mean it?". The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
    277. ^ Paz, Christian (October 26, 2020). "The Biden Doctrine Begins With Latin America". The Atlantic. ISSN 1072-7825. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
    278. ^ Jaffe, Alexandra (March 3, 2015). "The list of Democrats skipping Netanyahu's speech". CNN. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
    279. ^ Melander, Ingrid (August 16, 2016). "Biden offers condolences for Serbs killed in 1999 NATO air strikes". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    280. ^ Bytyci, Fatos (August 15, 2016). "'We owe you so much,' Kosovo to tell Biden as street named after late son". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
    281. ^ Bezhan, Frud (August 17, 2016). "Word On The Street Is That Kosovo Has A Love Affair With Americans". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Archived from the original on October 23, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
    282. ^ Rucker, Philip; Viser, Matt; DeBonis, Mike (March 5, 2020). "Trump and allies resume attacks on Biden's son as the Democrat surges". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 28, 2020. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
    283. ^ Bycoffe, Aaron (February 7, 2017). "Pence Has Already Done Something Biden Never Did: Break A Senate Tie". FiveThirtyEight. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021. Twelve vice presidents, including Biden, never broke a tie; Biden was the longest-serving vice president to never do so.
    284. ^ a b Itkowitz, Colby (March 23, 2015). "There is a 'Draft Joe Biden' Super PAC Now; It's Even Hiring a Fundraiser". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 16, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
    285. ^ Dowd, Maureen (August 1, 2015). "Joe Biden in 2016: What Would Beau Do?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    286. ^ Zeleny, Jeff; Liptak, Kevin (August 1, 2015). "Joe Biden Keeps Watchful Eye on 2016 Race". CNN. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
    287. ^ "Joe Biden still undecided on presidential run". BBC News. September 11, 2015. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    288. ^ Mason, Jeff (October 21, 2015). "Biden says he will not seek 2016 Democratic nomination". aol.com. Archived from the original on October 22, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
    289. ^ Reilly, Mollie (October 21, 2015). "Joe Biden Is Not Running For President In 2016". Huff Post. Archived from the original on April 5, 2019. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
    290. ^ McCain Nelson, Colleen; Nicholas, Peter (October 21, 2015). "Joe Biden Decides Not to Enter Presidential Race". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on October 21, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2015.
    291. ^ Fabian, Jordan (January 6, 2016). "Biden regrets not running for president 'every day'". The Hill. Archived from the original on January 2, 2017. Retrieved January 12, 2017.
    292. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (June 9, 2016). "Joe Biden endorses Hillary Clinton". Politico. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    293. ^ Shabad, Rebecca (June 20, 2016). "Joe Biden slams Donald Trump on wall, Muslim entry ban". CBS News. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    294. ^ Parks, Maryalice (October 22, 2016). "Biden Says He Wishes He Could Take Trump 'Behind the Gym' Over Groping Comments". ABC News. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    295. ^ O'Brien, Sara Ashley (March 12, 2017). "Joe Biden: The fight against cancer is bipartisan". CNNMoney. Archived from the original on May 26, 2019. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
    296. ^ Kane, Paul (June 11, 2018). "Biden wraps up book tour amid persistent questions about the next chapter". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on November 7, 2020. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
    297. ^ Viser, Matt; Narayanswamy, Anu (July 9, 2019). "Joe Biden earned .6 million in the two years after leaving the vice presidency". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 24, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
    298. ^ Friedman, Megan (August 30, 2018). "Joe Biden Just Gave an Incredibly Powerful Speech at John McCain's Memorial". Town & Country. Archived from the original on June 10, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    299. ^ Hutchins, Ryan (May 28, 2017). "Biden backs Phil Murphy, says N.J. governor's race 'most important' in nation". Politico. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    300. ^ a b "The Democratic candidates on foreign policy". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on June 16, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
    301. ^ Greenwood, Max (May 31, 2017). "Biden: Paris deal 'best way to protect' US leadership". The Hill. Archived from the original on February 25, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    302. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (March 26, 2014). "VP's LGBT comments raise eyebrows". politico.com. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    303. ^ Peoples, Steve (June 21, 2017). "Joe Biden to LGBT gala: 'Hold President Trump accountable'". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    304. ^ "Brunei defends tough new Islamic laws against growing backlash". Reuters. March 30, 2019. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
    305. ^ Eder, Steve; Glueck, Katie (July 9, 2019). "Joe Biden's Tax Returns Show More Than Million in Income After 2016". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 15, 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
    306. ^ A. Memoli, Michael (December 6, 2016). "Joe Biden wouldn't count out a 2020 run for president. But he was asked in an emotional moment". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
    307. ^ Wright, David (December 7, 2016). "Biden stokes 2020 buzz on Colbert: 'Never say never'". CNN. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
    308. ^ Lang, Cady (December 7, 2016). "Joe Biden Discussed Running in 2020 With Stephen Colbert: 'Never Say Never'". Time. Archived from the original on December 8, 2016. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
    309. ^ Revesz, Rachael (January 13, 2017). "Joe Biden: I will not run for president in 2020 but I am working to cure cancer". The Independent. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
    310. ^ Alter, Jonathan (January 17, 2017). "Joe Biden: 'I Wish to Hell I'd Just Kept Saying the Exact Same Thing'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 21, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
    311. ^ Charnetzki, Tori (January 10, 2018). "New Quad City Super PAC: "Time for Biden"". WVIK. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
    312. ^ Scherer, Michael; Wagner, John (April 25, 2019). "Former vice president Joe Biden jumps into White House race". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 26, 2020. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
    313. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (February 4, 2019). "Biden's Anguished Search for a Path to Victory". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
    314. ^ Kramer, Andrew E. (September 20, 2019). "Ukraine Pressured on U.S. Political Investigations". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 20, 2019. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
    315. ^ Isachenkov, Vladimir (September 27, 2019). "Ukraine's prosecutor says there is no probe into Biden". Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2019. Though the timing raised concerns among anti-corruption advocates, there has been no evidence of wrongdoing by either the former vice president or his son.
    316. ^ "White House 'tried to cover up details of Trump-Ukraine call'". BBC News. September 26, 2019. Archived from the original on September 30, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2019. There is no evidence of any wrongdoing by the Bidens.
    317. ^ Brown, Matthew (January 15, 2021). "Fact check: False conspiracy theories allege connection between Biden victory and Ukraine". USA Today. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
    318. ^ Cullison, Alan; Ballhaus, Rebecca; Volz, Dustin (September 21, 2019). "Trump Repeatedly Pressed Ukraine President to Investigate Biden's Son". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on September 23, 2019. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
    319. ^ Mackinnon, Amy (September 20, 2019). "Is Trump Trying to Get Ukraine to Take Out Biden for Him?". Foreign Policy. Graham Holdings. Archived from the original on September 20, 2019. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
    320. ^ Sherman, Amy (October 11, 2019). "Donald Trump ad misleads about Joe Biden, Ukraine and the prosecutor". PolitiFact. Archived from the original on November 11, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    321. ^ Kessler, Glenn (September 27, 2019). "A quick guide to President Trump's false claims about Ukraine and the Bidens". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 14, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    322. ^ Dale, Daniel (September 25, 2019). "Fact check: What Trump has been getting wrong on Biden and Ukraine". CNN. Archived from the original on November 20, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    323. ^ In March 2016 testimony to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, former ambassador to Ukraine John E. Herbst said, "By late fall of 2015, the EU and the United States joined the chorus of those seeking Mr. Shokin's removal" and that Joe Biden "spoke publicly about this before and during his December visit to Kyiv." During the same hearing, assistant secretary of state Victoria Nuland said, "We have pegged our next

       billion loan guarantee, first and foremost, to having a rebooting of the reform coalition so that we know who we are working with, but secondarily, to ensuring that the prosecutor general's office gets cleaned up.""Ukrainian Reforms Two Years After the Maidan Revolution and the Russian Invasion" (PDF). U.S. Government Publishing Office. March 15, 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 19, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    324. ^ Fandos, Nicholas (September 23, 2020). "Republican Inquiry Finds No Evidence of Wrongdoing by Biden". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 24, 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2021.
    325. ^ Blake, Aaron (September 23, 2020). "GOP's Hunter Biden report doesn't back up Trump's actual conspiracy theory — or anything close to it". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on September 24, 2020. Retrieved July 18, 2021.
    326. ^ Arnold, Amanda; Lampen, Claire (April 12, 2020). "All the Women Who Have Spoken Out Against Joe Biden". The Cut. Archived from the original on December 17, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
    327. ^ Brice-Saddler, Michael (March 29, 2019). "Nevada Democrat accuses Joe Biden of touching and kissing her without consent at 2014 event". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
    328. ^ Ember, Sydney; Martin, Jonathan (April 3, 2019). "Joe Biden, in video, says he will be 'more mindful' of personal space". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 20, 2020. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
    329. ^ "NBC/WSJ poll: Former Vice-President Joe Biden frontrunner in race for Democratic nomination". NBC News. WPSD-TV. December 19, 2019. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
    330. ^ Silver, Nate (January 10, 2020). "Biden Is The Front-Runner, But There's No Clear Favorite". FiveThirtyEight. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
    331. ^ "2020 Iowa Democratic Caucuses Live Results". The Washington Post. February 3, 2020. Archived from the original on December 7, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
    332. ^ "New Hampshire results". NBC News. February 11, 2020. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
    333. ^ "Nevada Election Results 2020". Politico. Archived from the original on November 15, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    334. ^ Peoples, Steve; Kinnard, Meg; Barrow, Bill (February 29, 2020). "Biden wins South Carolina, aims for Super Tuesday momentum". Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 29, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
    335. ^ Montanaro, Domenico (March 4, 2020). "5 Takeaways From Super Tuesday And Joe Biden's Big Night". NPR. Archived from the original on November 13, 2020. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
    336. ^ Bradner, Eric; Krieg, Gregory; Merica, Dan (March 11, 2020). "5 takeaways as Biden takes command of Democratic race on Super Tuesday II". CNN. Archived from the original on March 11, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
    337. ^ Lerer, Lisa; Ember, Sydney (April 12, 2020). "Examining Tara Reade's Sexual Assault Allegation Against Joe Biden". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 14, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
    338. ^ McGann, Laura (May 7, 2020). "The agonizing story of Tara Reade". Vox. Archived from the original on May 7, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
    339. ^ Reinhard, Beth; Viebeck, Elise; Viser, Matt; Crites, Alice (April 12, 2020). "Sexual assault allegation by former Biden Senate aide emerges in campaign, draws denial". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on April 28, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
    340. ^ Phillips, Amber (June 1, 2020). "What we know about Tara Reade's sexual assault allegation against Joe Biden". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 18, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
    341. ^ Ember, Sydney (April 8, 2020). "Bernie Sanders Drops Out of 2020 Democratic Race for President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 8, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
    342. ^ Ember, Sydney; Glueck, Katie (April 13, 2020). "Bernie Sanders Endorses Joe Biden for President". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 13, 2020. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
    343. ^ Merica, Dan; Zeleny, Jeff (April 14, 2020). "Obama endorses Biden for president in video message". CNN. Archived from the original on April 14, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
    344. ^ "Joe Biden commits to picking a woman as his running mate". Axios. March 16, 2020. Archived from the original on October 8, 2020. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
    345. ^ Linskey, Annie (June 9, 2020). "Biden clinches the Democratic nomination after securing more than 1,991 delegates". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
    346. ^ "Biden VP pick: Kamala Harris chosen as running mate". BBC News. August 12, 2020. Archived from the original on October 10, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    347. ^ Jamerson, Joshua; Day, Chad (August 18, 2020). "DNC Nominates Joe Biden to Lead Nation Through Pandemic". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
    348. ^ Olorunnipa, Toluse; Janes, Chelsea; Sonmez, Felicia; Itkowitz, Colby; Wagner, John (August 19, 2020). "Joe Biden officially becomes the Democratic Party's nominee on convention's second night". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
    349. ^ Schultz, Marisa (August 18, 2020). "Democrats formally nominate Joe Biden for president in virtual roll call". Fox News. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
    350. ^ Santucci, Jeanine (December 9, 2020). "Timeline: Trump insists he won the election as Biden prepares to take the White House". USA Today. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
    351. ^ Wheeler, Tom (November 18, 2020). "With only 11 weeks, a transition delayed is a transition denied". The Brookings Institution. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
    352. ^ Holmes, Kristen; Herb, Jeremy (November 23, 2020). "First on CNN: GSA tells Biden that transition can formally begin". CNN. Archived from the original on November 23, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
    353. ^ "Transcript of Trump's Speech at Rally Before US Capitol Riot". U.S. News & World Report. January 13, 2021. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
    354. ^ Kimble, Lindsay (January 6, 2021). "Joe Biden Calls on Donald Trump to 'Step Up' amid Chaos Led by 'Extremists' at Capitol". People. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
    355. ^ Weissert, Will; Superville, Darlene (January 7, 2021). "Biden urges restoring decency after 'assault' on democracy". Associated Press. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
    356. ^ King, Ledyard; Groppe, Maureen; Wu, Nicholas; Jansen, Bart; Subramanian, Courtney; Garrison, Joey (January 6, 2021). "Pence confirms Biden as winner, officially ending electoral count after day of violence at Capitol". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
    357. ^ Higgins, Tucker (December 21, 2020). "Joe Biden receives Covid vaccine on live television, encourages Americans to get inoculated". CNBC. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
    358. ^ Karni, Annie; Weiland, Noah (December 21, 2020). "Biden receives the coronavirus vaccine". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
    359. ^ Kalich, Sydney (January 11, 2021). "President-elect Biden receives final COVID-19 vaccine dose". WLAX. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
    360. ^ a b Hunnicutt, Trevor; Zengerle, Patricia; Renshaw, Jarrett (January 20, 2021). "Taking helm of divided nation, U.S. President Biden calls for end to 'uncivil war'". Reuters. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
    361. ^ "Biden inauguration: New president sworn in amid Trump snub". BBC News. January 20, 2021. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
    362. ^ Parker, Ashley (August 16, 2012). "Campaigning Aside, Team Plans a Romney Presidency". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 5, 2018. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
    363. ^ Fund, John (January 21, 2013). "What was Romney Planning?". National Review. Archived from the original on January 31, 2016. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
    364. ^ Gazis, Olivia; Erickson, Bo; Segers, Grace (September 18, 2020). "Biden receives first classified intelligence briefing". CBS News. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
    365. ^ "Trump faces calls to work with Biden team on transition". The Tribune. November 9, 2020. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
    366. ^ "Biden to become the second Catholic president in U.S. history, after JFK". NBC News. January 19, 2021. Archived from the original on January 19, 2021. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
    367. ^ Cormier, Ryan; Talorico, Patricia (November 7, 2020). "Delaware history is made: The First State gets its first president in Joe Biden". The News Journal. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
    368. ^ Azari, Julia (August 20, 2020). "Biden Had To Fight For The Presidential Nomination. But Most VPs Have To". FiveThirtyEight. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
    369. ^ "At long last, the silent generation's hour has come". Financial Times. March 6, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    370. ^ "Masked Crowd, No Trump: Why Biden Inauguration Will Be Like No Other". Agence France-Presse. NDTV. January 18, 2021. Retrieved June 21, 2021.
    371. ^ "Biden's first act: Orders on pandemic, climate, immigration". Associated Press. January 20, 2021. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
    372. ^ Erikson, Bo (January 20, 2021). "Biden signs executive actions on COVID, climate change, immigration and more". CBS News. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
    373. ^ "Joe Biden is taking executive action at a record pace". The Economist. January 22, 2021. Archived from the original on January 24, 2021. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
    374. ^ Cassella, Megan (January 22, 2021). "Biden signs executive orders aimed at combating hunger, protecting workers". Politico. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
    375. ^ Allassan, Fadel; Perano, Ursula (January 20, 2021). "Biden will issue executive order to rescind Keystone XL pipeline permit". Axios. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
    376. ^ Massie, Graeme (January 23, 2021). "Canada's Trudeau 'disappointed' with Biden order to cancel Keystone pipeline". The Independent. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
    377. ^ Nickel, Rod; Volcovici, Valerie (January 21, 2021). "TC Energy cuts jobs as Keystone pipeline nixed, but markets start to move on". Reuters. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    378. ^ Keith, Tamara (February 3, 2021). "With 28 Executive Orders Signed, President Biden Is Off To A Record Start". NPR. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
    379. ^ Knickmeyer, Ellen (February 5, 2021). "Biden ending US support for Saudi-led offensive in Yemen". Associated Press. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
    380. ^ Starr, Barbara; Liebermann, Oren; Gaouette, Nicole (February 25, 2021). "US carries out air strikes in Syria targeting Iranian backed militias". CNN. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
    381. ^ "H.R.1319 - American Rescue Plan Act of 2021". United States Congress. March 11, 2021. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
    382. ^ Luhby, Tami; Lobosco, Katie (January 14, 2021). "Here's what's in Biden's

      .9 trillion economic rescue package". CNN. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
    383. ^ Tankersley, Jim; Crowley, Michael (January 14, 2021). "Here are the highlights of Biden's

      .9 trillion 'American Rescue Plan.'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
    384. ^ Kaplan, Thomas (March 7, 2021). "What's in the Stimulus Bill? A Guide to Where the

      .9 Trillion Is Going". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
    385. ^ "Biden administration faces pressure on immigration amid influx". Al Jazeera. March 17, 2021. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
    386. ^ Miroff, Nick (March 13, 2021). "Biden will deploy FEMA to care for teenagers and children crossing border in record numbers". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
    387. ^ Sanger, David E.; Shear, Michael D. (April 14, 2021). "Biden, Setting Afghanistan Withdrawal, Says 'It Is Time to End the Forever War'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
    388. ^ a b c d E. Sanger, David (August 15, 2021). "For Biden, Images of Defeat He Wanted to Avoid". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
    389. ^ Wadington, Katie (April 14, 2021). "Afghanistan withdrawal draws strong Capitol Hill reactions, making some strange alliances". USA Today. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
    390. ^ "New momentum reduces emissions gap, but huge gap remains - analysis". Carbon Action Tracker. climateactiontracker.org. April 23, 2021. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
    391. ^ Newburger, Emma (April 22, 2021). "Here's what countries pledged on climate change at Biden's global summit". CNBC. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
    392. ^ Lemire, Jonathan; Boak, Josh (April 28, 2021). "Biden to the nation and world: 'America is rising anew'". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on April 29, 2021. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
    393. ^ Nazaryan, Alexander (April 15, 2021). "Biden breaks with Obama, as well as Trump, on everything from Afghanistan to spending". Yahoo! News. Yahoo!. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
    394. ^ "Remarks by President Biden and H.E. Moon Jae-in, President of the Republic of Korea at Press Conference". whitehouse.gov. May 21, 2021. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
    395. ^ Haltiwanger, John (June 3, 2021). "Biden's first trip abroad will be a whirlwind of major meetings with key allies and top rivals". Business Insider. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
    396. ^ "Most Federal Employees Will Receive Friday Off for Juneteenth". Government Executive. June 17, 2021. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
    397. ^ Watson, Kathryn; Quinn, Melissa (June 18, 2021). "Biden signs bill making Juneteenth a federal holiday". CBS News. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
    398. ^ Jaffe, Alexandra; Madhani, Aamer (July 22, 2021). "Biden says getting COVID-19 vaccine 'gigantically important'". U.S. News & World Report. Associated Press. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
    399. ^ "Covid misinformation on Facebook is killing people - Biden". BBC News. July 17, 2021. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
    400. ^ Madhani, Aamer; Lemire, Jonathan (September 16, 2021). "Biden announces Indo-Pacific alliance with UK, Australia". Associated Press. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
    401. ^ "Afghanistan Travel Advisory - Level 4: Do Not Travel". U.S. Embassy in Afghanistan. April 27, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    402. ^ "U.S. involvement in Afghanistan "doesn't end" on August 31, acting ambassador says" – via www.cbsnews.com.
    403. ^ Liptak, Kevin; Zeleny, Jeff; Collins, Kaitlan; Hansler, Jennifer; Vazquez, Maegan (August 16, 2021). "Biden admits Afghanistan's collapse 'did unfold more quickly than we had anticipated'". CNN. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    404. ^ Merchant, Nomaan; Miller, Zeke (August 19, 2021). "Misread warnings helped lead to chaotic Afghan evacuation". Associated Press. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    405. ^ a b c "Biden defends 'messy' US pullout from Afghanistan". BBC News. August 17, 2021. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
    406. ^ Prakash, Nidhi (August 16, 2021). "Joe Biden Blamed Afghan Leaders For Giving Up As The Taliban Took Control". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
    407. ^ Edmondson, Catie (August 16, 2021). "Lawmakers Unite in Bipartisan Fury Over Afghanistan Withdrawal". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
    408. ^ McKelvey, Tara; Deng, Boer (2021). "Biden's week of blame and tumult after Kabul fall". bbc.co.uk. BBC News. History is going to judge us very harshly, I believe, if we allow the hope of a liberated Afghanistan to evaporate because we are fearful of the phrase nation-building or we do not stay the course
    409. ^ a b Watson, Kathryn (August 16, 2021). "Biden says "buck stops with me" and defends Afghanistan withdrawal". CBS News. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
    410. ^ Blake, Aaron (August 16, 2021). "Biden says the 'buck stops with me' — while pinning blame on Trump and many Afghans". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
    411. ^ "Brutal ISIS-K affiliate in Afghanistan poses terror threat to U.S. evacuation". USA Today. August 23, 2021. Archived from the original on August 23, 2021. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    412. ^ "American forces keep up airlift under high threat warnings". Associated Press. August 28, 2021. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    413. ^ Collins, Michael; Brook, Tom Vanden; Shesgreen, Deirdre (August 28, 2021). "Biden said US would 'hunt' down Kabul airport attackers. A day later, a drone strike killed two ISIS-K targets". USA TODAY. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    414. ^ Stewart, Phil; Ali, Idrees (September 19, 2021). "U.S. says Kabul drone strike killed 10 civilians, including children, in 'tragic mistake'". Reuters. Retrieved September 19, 2021.
    415. ^ Madhani, Aamer; Freking, Kevin (September 1, 2021). "Biden defends departure from 'forever war,' praises airlift". Associated Press. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
    416. ^ Gore, D'Angelo; Farley, Robert; Robertson, Lori (September 2, 2021). "How Many Americans and Allies Are Left in Afghanistan?". Factcheck.org. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
    417. ^ Salama, Vivian; Youssef, Nancy (August 29, 2021). "U.S. Vows to Stay Committed to Afghanistan as Presence Fades". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on August 29, 2021. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
    418. ^ Holland, Steve; Renshaw, Jarrett (March 31, 2021). "Biden says trillion jobs plan rivals the space race in its ambition". Reuters. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
    419. ^ Siegel, Rachel (March 31, 2021). "What's in Biden's trillion jobs and infrastructure plan?". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
    420. ^ Romm, Tony (August 10, 2021). "Senate approves bipartisan,

      trillion infrastructure bill, bringing major Biden goal one step closer". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
    421. ^ Pramuk, Jacob (August 10, 2021). "Senate passes

      trillion bipartisan infrastructure bill, sending key part of Biden's economic agenda to the House". CNBC. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
    422. ^ Jalonick, Mary Clare (November 7, 2021). "Roads, transit, internet: What's in the infrastructure bill". Associated Press. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
    423. ^ Boak, Josh; Long, Colleen (November 16, 2021). "Biden signs

      T infrastructure deal with bipartisan crowd". Associated Press. Retrieved November 16, 2021.
    424. ^ Natter, Ari; A Dlouhy, Jennifer; Krukowska, Ewa (September 14, 2021). "U.S. and EU Vow Steep Methane Cuts Ahead of Climate Summit". Bloomberg. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
    425. ^ "China Briefing, 16 September 2021: Xi and Biden discuss climate; Johnson's 'last-ditch' talks with Xi; Advice for China's carbon goals". Carbon Brief. September 16, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
    426. ^ Murphy, Katharine (September 14, 2021). "Climate change will be on agenda when Scott Morrison meets Joe Biden in the US". The Guardian. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
    427. ^ Mason, Jeff (September 16, 2021). "Biden will convene Major Economies Forum on Friday to press for climate action". Reuters. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
    428. ^ "President Biden to Host Leader-Level Meeting of the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate". whitehouse.gov. September 15, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
    429. ^ "Biden pledges to double U.S. climate change aid; some activists unimpressed". Reuters. September 21, 2021. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
    430. ^ "COP26: Cautious welcome for unexpected US-China climate agreement". Reuters. November 11, 2021. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
    431. ^ Kruzel, John (May 6, 2019). "Joe Biden claims he was a staunch liberal in the Senate. He wasn't". PolitiFact. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
    432. ^ Smith, Sean (November 15, 2020). "Be warned Joe Biden – centrism is no longer a safe haven in politics". The Independent. Archived from the original on December 17, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    433. ^ Hook, Janet (August 12, 2020). "Picking Harris, Biden puts centrist stamp on Democrats' future". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 14, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    434. ^ Waldman, Paul (July 16, 2020). "Opinion: How Joe Biden is moving left while still being seen as a moderate". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 18, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
    435. ^ Bacon, Perry Jr. (May 21, 2020). "The Pandemic Has Pushed Biden To The Left. How Far Will He Go?". FiveThirtyEight. Archived from the original on December 28, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
    436. ^ Lucas, Peter (August 8, 2020). "Shifting farther to the left, Biden is now a Bernie Bro". Boston Herald. Archived from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
    437. ^ Kiely, Kathy (September 12, 2005). "Judging Judge Roberts: A look at the Judiciary Committee". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 17, 2020. Retrieved August 24, 2008. See also: "2008 U.S. Senate Votes". American Conservative Union. Archived from the original on March 30, 2009. Retrieved March 20, 2009. Lifetime rating is given.
    438. ^ Biden, Joe (February 17, 2010). "Assessing the Recovery Act: 'The best is yet to come'". whitehouse.gov. Archived from the original on January 24, 2017. Retrieved April 5, 2013 – via National Archives.
    439. ^ a b Biden, Joe (January 27, 2011). "Biden: Mubarak Is Not a Dictator, But People Have a Right to Protest". PBS NewsHour. Archived from the original on November 13, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    440. ^ Hockenberry, John (April 23, 2009). "Vice President Joe Biden pushes mass transit spending". The Takeaway. Archived from the original on July 19, 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
    441. ^ Biden, Joe (June 23, 2011). "Statement by Vice President Biden On the Bipartisan Debt Talks". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved April 6, 2013 – via National Archives.
    442. ^ Hellman, Chris; Kramer, Mattea (April 10, 2013). "Competing Visions: President Obama, Rep. Paul Ryan, Sen. Patty Murray, and House Progressives Release Budget Proposals for 2014". National Priorities Project. Archived from the original on November 25, 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2013.
    443. ^ Zeballos-Roig, Joseph (September 11, 2020). "Joe Biden pledges to roll back Trump's corporate tax cuts on 'day one,' saying it won't hurt businesses' ability to hire". Business Insider. Archived from the original on November 22, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    444. ^ Henney, Megan (June 30, 2020). "Biden pledges to roll back Trump's tax cuts: 'A lot of you may not like that'". Fox Business. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    445. ^ "Final Senate Vote on NAFTA". Public Citizen. Archived from the original on June 8, 2008. Retrieved August 22, 2008.
    446. ^ Lillis, Mike (January 28, 2016). "Biden coaxes Dems on Obama trade deal". The Hill. Archived from the original on November 7, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    447. ^ a b Diamond, Dan (July 15, 2019). "Biden unveils health care plan: Affordable Care Act 2.0". Politico. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    448. ^ Barrow, Bill (July 15, 2019). "Biden aggressively defends the Affordable Care Act". PBS. Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    449. ^ Scott, Dylan (August 20, 2020). "Joe Biden has a chance to finish the work of Obamacare". Vox. Archived from the original on November 5, 2020. Retrieved November 27, 2020.
    450. ^ Nagourney, Adam; Kaplan, Thomas (June 21, 2020). "Behind Joe Biden's Evolution on L.G.B.T.Q. Rights". The New York Times. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    451. ^ "May 6: Joe Biden, Kelly Ayotte, Diane Swonk, Tom Brokaw, Chuck Todd". NBC News. May 6, 2012. Archived from the original on April 5, 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
    452. ^ Lerer, Lisa (March 29, 2019). "When Joe Biden Voted to Let States Overturn Roe v. Wade". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on August 6, 2020. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
    453. ^ Siders, Dave (June 22, 2019). "Biden calls for enshrining Roe v. Wade in federal law". Politico. Archived from the original on April 2, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
    454. ^ "Presidential Candidates views on ANWR, The Democrats". Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Archived from the original on August 7, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    455. ^ Kranish, Michael (June 9, 2020). "Joe Biden let police groups write his crime bill. Now, his agenda has changed". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    456. ^ McDermott, Nathan; Steck, Em (June 10, 2020). "Biden repeatedly pushed bill in Senate that critics said would have made investigating police officers for misconduct more difficult". CNN. Archived from the original on November 16, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    457. ^ "A look at the environmental record of Joe Biden, Barack Obama's running mate". Grist. January 3, 2008. Archived from the original on May 26, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
    458. ^ Carr, Bob (September 2, 2020). "Joe Biden's bold climate policies would leave Australia behind". The Guardian. Archived from the original on September 21, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
    459. ^ Moore, Elena (October 16, 2020). "Trump's And Biden's Plans For The Environment". NPR. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
    460. ^ Bade, Gavin (October 14, 2020). "How Biden would use trade agreements to fight global warming". Politico. Archived from the original on October 21, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
    461. ^ "Biden's hands may be tied on Trump's China tariffs, trade experts say". CNBC. September 8, 2020. Archived from the original on October 26, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
    462. ^ Biden, Jr., Joseph R. (January 23, 2020). "Why America Must Lead Again". Foreign Affairs. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
    463. ^ "Remarks by President Biden on America's Place in the World". The White House. February 4, 2021. Retrieved February 6, 2021.
    464. ^ Martin, Peter; Mohsin, Saleha; Wadhams, Nick; Leonard, Jenny (February 11, 2021). "President Biden Raises Human Rights and Trade Concerns in First Call With China's Xi". Time. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
    465. ^ Edward, Wong; Crawley, Michael; Swanson, Ana (September 6, 2020). "Joe Biden's China Journey". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
    466. ^ "Foreign Policy, Joseph R. Biden Jr". The New York Times. February 6, 2020. Archived from the original on August 11, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    467. ^ Baker, Peter (October 9, 2015). "A Biden Run Would Expose Foreign Policy Differences With Hillary Clinton". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 16, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    468. ^ Wehner, Peter (September 4, 2008). "Biden Was Wrong On the Cold War". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    469. ^ Farley, Robert (September 10, 2019). "Biden's Record on Iraq War". FactCheck.org. Annenberg Public Policy Center. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    470. ^ "Where does Joe Biden stand on anti-Semitism, Israel and other issues that matter to Jewish voters in 2020?". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. December 12, 2019. Archived from the original on January 11, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    471. ^ "Joseph R. Biden, Jr. – Council on Foreign Relations". Council on Foreign Relations. Archived from the original on February 6, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    472. ^ "2020 Presidential Election". Engage Cuba Coalition. Archived from the original on January 3, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    473. ^ Letzter, Rafi (July 8, 2020). "The US formally announced its withdrawal from the World Health Organization". livescience.com. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    474. ^ Lee, Matthew; Weissert, Will (August 2, 2020). "Biden eyes major foreign policy shifts if he wins". Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    475. ^ Landay, Jonathan; Mohammed, Arshad (November 25, 2020). "Biden urged to extend U.S.-Russia arms treaty for full 5 years without conditions". Reuters. Archived from the original on May 12, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
    476. ^ Pifer, Steven (December 1, 2020). "Reviving nuclear arms control under Biden". Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on December 1, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
    477. ^ Liptak, Kevin (April 24, 2021). "Biden officially recognizes the massacre of Armenians in World War I as a genocide". CNN. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
    478. ^ Wallsten, Peter (August 24, 2008). "Demographics part of calculation: Biden adds experience, yes, but he could also help with Catholics, blue-collar whites and women". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 15, 2019. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
    479. ^ "A look at Biden's net worth". The Boston Globe. Associated Press. August 24, 2008. Archived from the original on July 25, 2012. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
    480. ^ Broder, John M. (September 13, 2008). "Biden Releases Tax Returns, in Part to Pressure Rivals". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 25, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
    481. ^ Mooney, Alexander (September 12, 2008). "Biden tax returns revealed". CNN. Archived from the original on September 13, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
    482. ^ Montopoli, Brian (November 6, 2009). "237 Millionaires in Congress". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    483. ^ Olya, Gabrielle (March 11, 2021). "How Much Is President Joe Biden Worth?". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    484. ^ Olya, Gabrielle (April 18, 2021). "How Much Is President Joe Biden Worth?". www.msn.com. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    485. ^ Borden, Taylor (January 7, 2020). "President-elect Joe Biden just turned 78. Here's how he went from 'Middle-Class Joe' to millionaire". Business Insider. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
    486. ^ Tindera, Michela (August 28, 2019). "Here's How Much 2020 Presidential Candidate Joe Biden Is Worth". Forbes. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
    487. ^ Baldoni, John (August 20, 2020). "How Empathy Defines Joe Biden". Forbes. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
    488. ^ Nagle, Molly (December 19, 2020). "Nearly 50 years after death of wife and daughter, empathy remains at Joe Biden's core". ABC News. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
    489. ^ Glueck, Katie; Flegenheimer, Matt (June 11, 2020). "Joe Biden, Emissary of Grief". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
    490. ^ "Transcripts". The Situation Room. CNN. January 12, 2006. Archived from the original on July 19, 2008. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
    491. ^ Smith, Ben (December 2, 2008). "Biden, enemy of the prepared remarks". Politico. Archived from the original on September 11, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2008.
    492. ^ Tapper, Jake (January 31, 2007). "A Biden Problem: Foot in Mouth". ABC News. Archived from the original on August 27, 2008. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
    493. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (March 19, 1998). "Senate Struggles to Pay Attention to the Remapping of NATO". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 10, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
    494. ^ Halperin, Mark (August 23, 2008). "Halperin on Biden: Pros and Cons". Time. Archived from the original on July 22, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
    495. ^ O'Neil, Luke (April 25, 2019). "'I am a gaffe machine': a history of Joe Biden's biggest blunders". The Guardian. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
    496. ^ Allen, Jonathan. "Whether Biden's gaffe is an old problem or a new one, he needs a fix". NBC News. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    497. ^ Durkee, Alison (August 9, 2019). ""Gaffe Machine" Biden Comes Under Fire For "White Kids" Remark". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
    498. ^ Jaffe, Alexandra (August 8, 2020). "Biden risks alienating young Black voters after race remarks". Associated Press. Retrieved August 30, 2021.
    499. ^ Stevens, Matt (August 9, 2019). "Joe Biden Says 'Poor Kids' Are Just as Bright as 'White Kids'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 30, 2021.

    Works cited

    • Barone, Michael; Cohen, Richard E. (2008). The Almanac of American Politics. National Journal. Washington. ISBN 978-0-89234-116-0.
    • Bronner, Ethan (1989). Battle for Justice: How the Bork Nomination Shook America. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-02690-0.
    • Gadsen, Brett (October 8, 2012). Between North and South: Delaware, Desegregation, and the Myth of American Sectionalism. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-0797-2.
    • Levingston, Steven; Dyson, Michael (2019). Barack and Joe: The Making of an Extraordinary Partnership. Hachette. ISBN 978-0-316-48788-7.
    • Mayer, Jane; Abramson, Jill (1994). Strange Justice: The Selling of Clarence Thomas. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0-395-63318-2.
    • Moritz, Charles, ed. (1987). Current Biography Yearbook 1987. New York: H. W. Wilson Company.
    • Wolffe, Richard (2009). Renegade: The Making of a President. New York: Crown Publishers. ISBN 978-0-307-46312-8.
    • Taylor, Paul (1990). See How They Run: Electing the President in an Age of Mediaocracy. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 978-0-394-57059-4.
    • Witcover, Jules (2010). Joe Biden: A Life of Trial and Redemption. New York City: William Morrow. ISBN 978-0-06-179198-7.

    External links

    Library resources about
    Joe Biden
    • Online books
    • Resources in your library
    • Resources in other libraries
    By Joe Biden
    • Online books
    • Resources in your library
    • Resources in other libraries

    Official

    • President Joe Biden official website
    • Presidential campaign website
    • Obama White House biography (archived)
    • Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
    • Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
    • Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress

    Other

    • Appearances on C-SPAN
    • Joe Biden at Curlie
    • "Joe Biden collected news and commentary". The New York Times.
    • Joe Biden at On the Issues
    • Joe Biden at PolitiFact
    • Profile at Vote Smart
    Joe Biden at Wikipedia's sister projects:
    Definitions from Wiktionary
    Media from Commons
    News from Wikinews
    Quotations from Wikiquote
    Texts from Wikisource
    Data from Wikidata
    Portals:
    Biography
    Catholicism
    Law
    Liberalism
    Politics
    United States
    Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Joe_Biden&oldid=1065116630"
    How long will Biden Last? - Eye Opening Truth

    05-08-2021 · Joe Biden shouldn’t follow Lincoln’s lead in forgiving …. Jan 20, 2021 Lincoln’s mistake. Fast-forward to 2021, Biden will be inaugurated the nation’s 46th president on Wednesday at the same Capitol that was under siege by Trump supporters and domestic terrorists.

    05-08-2021

    Joe Biden GIF - Find; Share on GIPHY
    Photo Credit:  Watch the little girl struggle to break free from Biden’s  grip

    TAGS: Biden, Kamala, Pedophilia, Mental Health, Physical Condition, Eligibility, Qualifications, National Security

    IMPORTANT UPDATES: 08/06/2021

    We all know that Biden was not the candidate.  I have written articles about that.  He even joked about developing some fatal disease and dying so the Kamala could take the lead.  But, now that Biden is actually in the office, how long do you think he will last?  Between his general health issues, his aging brain, and his propensity for manhandling children.  I don’t see any point in mentioning his politics or his policies because those are being dictated by someone else…

    This morning I caught a blurb on a video regarding the fact that both he and others are comparing him to Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy.  Both of these men were assassinated.  Is that a sign that there are plans to take him out??  

    If he doesn’t quit manhandling children and young ladies, he may get taken down by somebody’s father.

    WHAT DOES THIS TELL YOU ABOUT THE PEDO JOE BIDEN?

    Well, it is no wonder the elite have no issue with torturing, raping and killing little babies.  They see them as BIOHAZARDS!!  But, they are so cute… if they have to die… they think they might as well get some jollies out of them first!   So, they feel justified.  

    environmental-hazard.jpg

    spacer

    Secret Service Agents Leak Just How Bad Biden’s Condition Is…

    This is a sad, sad, update.

    Former Secret Service Agent and Conservative Commentator Dan Bongino said that secret service agents are telling him just how bad Biden’s condition is.

    Just watch how bad he is here…   This is a really good one…

    spacer

    In the following video created by Logic Before Authority,  he shares how Biden is being tied to Lincoln and Kennedy.  

    spacer
    Biden’s Christianity, Lincoln, and the Truth of Who We Are

    Both Lincoln and Biden argue hard that the remedy against mob rule and the dangerous threat of demagogic men is a rock-solid commitment to the democratic means of resolving differences.

    Joy Reid compares Biden to Lincoln, says his supporters …

    Jan 20, 2021MSNBC anchor Joy Reid on Wednesday compared President Biden to Abraham Lincoln, saying he and his voters represent a “new Americafighting in a civil war against the “old America.”. Ms …
    Sen Cory Garner Swearing In Ceremony Creepy Joe Biden
    The desk of Biden’s choice is the Resolute desk, which Caroline Kennedy and John F. Kennedy Jr. would often hide inside while their dad was at work—the same desk that has now been used in the Oval Office by eight presidents in total, including Barack Obama and Donald Trump.
    spacer
    Photo Credit
    One change the Biden administration made was to remove the military flags that had been on display during Donald Trump’s term in office.  The absent flags were first reported in the Washington Post Wednesday evening. Trump kept them near his left side against the window for years.  New photos of Biden’s makeover show they’ve been removed. Archival photos show former Presidents John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon had displayed military battle flags in the office.  (Is that reflective of the negative reception he has received from the military?)
    I know that Biden protests that he just expresses himself with his hands.  But, when you see him at events or on videos at events and witness for yourself how he hones in on the children and pulls them to him.  He arranges how and where he wants them to stand and holds them there.  He puts his hands on them and puts his face right up to theirs, sniffs their hair, and whispers who knows what to them.  IT IS CREEPY!  If he were my uncle I would stay as far away from him as possible and keep all small children protected from him.  
    Parents should be very careful about who they let lay hands on their children.  I don’t care if they are people in powerful positions.  NO ONE has a right to handle your children.  Young children do not have any developed self defenses.  They are open, honest and vulnerable.  They do not suspect anyone until they have a reason to.  They need protecting.  So even if he says, “they gave me permission” that is not valid.   
    There is something called spiritual transfer.   Laying on of hands is a well known means of transferring healing, comfort, and other spiritual benefits.  It is also a well known method of transferring evil spirits, especially to a receptive host.  Not only that, today there are many drugs that can be used to disable someone or just disable their resistance.  Those drugs can be administered with just the slightest touch.  Parents, BEWARE at all times.  ESPECIALLY BEWARE around JOE BIDEN.

    spacer

    59% Think Biden Unlikely to Finish A Four-Year Term in …

    Former Obama WH Doc: ‘Something Is Going on with Joe Biden …

    Former White House physician Dr. Ronny Jackson has issued a dire prediction about the health of presumptive potential President-elect Joe Biden and the likely installation of Biden’s running mate, Democratic Sen. Kamala Harris of California, as president.. Jackson joined the White House medical unit during the administration of former President George W. Bush.

    Poll. Do you think uncle joe got a little touchy-feely ...
    kangana_and_joe.jpg?itok=umcKosJT Kangana Ranaut says Joe Biden won’t last more than a year; Calls him ‘Gajni Biden’

    Did Biden Leave Press Conference Podium as Reporter Asked

    On March 25, 2021, U.S. President Joe Biden held his first news conference since taking the presidential oath of office more than two months earlier.

    On March 25, 2021, U.S. President Joe Biden held his first news conference since taking the presidential oath of office more than two months earlier.

    As viewers worldwide watched the event live, social media users remarked on an odd moment toward the end of the news conference when Biden left the lectern and continued talking even though he wasn’t wearing a microphone. One Twitter user, for instance, circulated a video clip that they framed as evidence of Biden simply “walking away” as a reporter asked him a question, as if he were leaving.

    “Why did Biden just get up and walk away in the middle of a question? Did he forget what he was doing? No worries, he circled right back,” read the tweet. 

    Others theorized that Biden forgot he was at a news conference and thought it was a town hall, or that he is “senile” and had simply wandered away from the podium for no reason at all.

    To investigate whether the online content authentically described a moment of the news conference in the White House’s East Room, Snopes obtained an archived version of the above-displayed tweet after it was removed from the social media site.

    Snopes reviewed video footage of the event confirming that Biden indeed stepped briefly away from the lectern as reporter Janet Rodriguez of Univision asked questions. The moment happened about one hour into the news conference, according to C-SPAN’s video recording of the event. Rodriguez first asked when the Biden administration would fulfill its promises of improving facilities for migrants at the U.S.-Mexico border, specifically unaccompanied children and toddlers.

    Then, she asked for more specifics on the administration’s plan to address the root problems for why people in Central American nations seek refuge in the U.S. As she completed that question, Biden took about four steps in Rodriguez’s direction while looking at her.

    “Well, I can’t guarantee that,” he said, while out of reach of the lectern’s microphone. (You can read the White House’s transcript of Biden’s answers to reporters’ questions here.)

    He then walked back to the lectern, as shown around the 60-minute mark in this C-SPAN video:

    However, based on the video evidence, it is purely speculative to frame that moment as an example of Biden trying to leave the event prematurely and catching himself mid-faux pas, or forgetting the function of the event, or simply wandering away. 

    Furthermore, when he moved, the president walked toward Rodriguez (in the opposite direction of the exit). A more plausible reason for his movement would be to hear the reporter more clearly (she was wearing a mask) as she asked her question.

    In the end, however, all these various explanations for why Biden walked away from the lectern are speculative.

    But considering the C-SPAN video footage of the press conference, which shows the president moving several steps toward Rodriguez as she asks a question, we rate the claim that he did so “True.”

    Joe Biden Is Actually a Mean, Old Man When the Cameras Go ...

    24-05-2021 · Joe Biden Is Actually a Mean, Old Man When the Cameras Go Off. He's Sucking Right Now, So I Can See Why

    24-05-2021
    Joe Biden Is Actually a Mean, Old Man When the Cameras Go Off. He's Sucking Right Now, So I Can See Why

    Source: AP Photo/Evan Vucci

    Joe Biden is sleepy. He’s slow. He’s aloof. And he calls it a day early—very early at times. Yet, The New York Times did a lengthy piece about the inner workings of this White House to confirm what we already knew, along with insight into what foods he hates to be served in public events and his favorite drink, which is apparently orange Gatorade. It’s the anti-Trump piece in the sense that it shows how Joe comes to a decision which is at a pace slower than a Galapagos tortoise. Yes, that part we knew. His decision-making process is as torturous as this presidency. And the publication notes how this process is at odds with a nation that craves urgency on the economy. The man takes everyone on an esoteric journey where details upon details are demanded and where Sleepy Joe becomes Grumpy Joe at the flip of a switch. One thing that might make progressives upset are the four final folks he solicits for advice before finally making a move—some days later (via NYT):

    Mr. Biden had already spent the first two months of his presidency debating how to respond to Mr. Putin, and despite his acknowledgment in March that he needed to act quickly, his deliberations were far from over. He convened another meeting in the Situation Room that stretched for two and a half hours, and called yet another session there a week later.

    “He has a kind of mantra: ‘You can never give me too much detail,’” Mr. Sullivan said.

    Quick decision-making is not Mr. Biden’s style. His reputation as a plain-speaking politician hides a more complicated truth. Before making up his mind, the president demands hours of detail-laden debate from scores of policy experts, taking everyone around him on what some in the West Wing refer to as his Socratic “journey” before arriving at a conclusion.

    Those trips are often difficult for his advisers, who are peppered with sometimes obscure questions. Avoiding Mr. Biden’s ire during one of his decision-making seminars means not only going beyond the vague talking points that he will reject, but also steering clear of responses laced with acronyms or too much policy minutiae, which will prompt an outburst of frustration, often laced with profanity.

    Let’s talk plain English here, he will often snap.

    Interviews with more than two dozen current and former Biden associates provide an early look into how Mr. Biden operates as president — how he deliberates, whom he consults for advice and what drives his decisions as he settles into the office he has chased for more than three decades.

    On policy issues, Mr. Biden, 78, takes days or weeks to make up his mind as he examines and second-guesses himself and others. It is a method of governing that can feel at odds with the urgency of a country still reeling from a pandemic and an economy struggling to recover. The president is also faced with a slim majority in Congress that could evaporate next year, giving him only months to enact a lasting legacy.

    Those closest to him say Mr. Biden is unwilling, or unable, to skip the routine. As a longtime adviser put it: He needs time to process the material so that he feels comfortable selling it to the public. But the approach has its risks, as President Barack Obama found out when his own, sometimes lengthy policy debates led to infighting and extended lobbying, and made his White House feel process driven.

    Well, this White House being Obama 2.0 is not shocking. We have Russia and China doing what they want, just like during the Obama years. We have anemic jobs growth, just like during the Obama years. We have the president pushing more gun control. Gas prices soaring. Inflation now rising. And Biden’s biggest domestic accomplishment was set forth by Trump regarding the COVID vaccine and the rate of vaccinations. None of what Joe Biden has proposed has really done anything, but the Times spent a lot of words dissecting the action process here. In all, it’s a lot of sentences to show that this White House is a lot of talk and no real action. Second, yeah, Biden is cranky but that’s about it while they portrayed Trump as a madman for the better part of three years. He’s slow Joe—and this piece confirms that. Also, he reportedly refuses to have leafy greens served because they get stuck in his teeth. And the final four dudes he consults with are all white, Bruce Reed, Mike Donilon, Ron Klain, and Steve Ricchetti.

    Look, I don’t care about that aspect, but for the lefty wing of his base that bean counts how many Jews, blacks, Hispanics, Asians, women, non-binaries, trans, gays, Martians, and Klingons there are in a room before entering, this might be a problem. 

    Ill-timed Biden graphic appears for TV report on elderly …

    01-03-2022 · Biden, who is 79, is set to address a joint session of Congress at 9 p.m. on Tuesday. Police say the 71-year-old man, identified as Roger Nigriss, has been charged with indecent assault and ...

    01-03-2022

      • SCOTUSDomins_100719
        Stranger things have happened than ordering pizza with one's mind, now that Domino's has introduced a "mind ordering" app that allows users to order pizzas via facial expressions.
      • Biden Naval Academy
        This week’s White House Report Card finds President Joe Biden in a familiar place with inflation continuing to rage, his staff cleaning up mistakes, and another tragic mass shooting.
      • Uvalde School Shooting Reactions - 052722
        The final week of May has been dominated by gun violence yet again with the horrific scenes that unfolded at an elementary school in Uvalde, Texas. The fallout of the tragic event, which saw 19 children and two teachers killed, has been the subject of political discourse as familiar arguments over gun control legislation played out in familiar ways. The local police, meanwhile, struggled to get their story straight when it came to their response. Here are the quotes of the week.
      • Biden
        When President Joe Biden arrived in his home state of Delaware on Friday, he was greeted by new calls to enact a student loan debt forgiveness plan that goes far beyond his campaign pledge.
      • Uvalde School Shooting Reactions - 052722
        The latest revelations about the police response to the deadly elementary school rampage in Uvalde, Texas, threaten to upend the drive to make gun control the central issue, as law enforcement's reluctance to engage the shooter could increase public reliance on self-defense.
      • Donald Trump
        At the end of his remarks at the NRA convention in Houston, former President Donald Trump teased another run for the White House in 2024.
      • CNN Ratings
        Legacy media darling Rebekah Jones rose to prominence by claiming Florida was manipulating its COVID data. As has been clear from the beginning, Jones’s claims were meritless.
      • Donald Trump
        A 2024 TRUMP-BIDEN DEATH MATCH? For all the speculation that goes on around former President Donald Trump and the 2024 Republican presidential nomination race, it's possible, even likely, that the more intense battle will be among Democrats. A new poll from Mark Penn, the former Clinton strategist who runs the Harvard-Harris poll, suggests President Joe Biden's support among Democrats is significantly weaker than Trump's support among Republicans. And that could lead to chaos on the Democratic side.
      • Joe Biden
        President Joe Biden delivered a somber address to graduates of the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, Friday morning, telling them the next 10 years will be the decisive decade of the 21st century.
      • Biden Naval Academy
        The White House appeared to sigh with relief after the release of data suggesting inflation eased in April, but President Joe Biden stressed he understood the continued pressures on household budgets.
      • Ernest Johnson Jr., Charles Barkley, Shaquille O‚ÄôNeal
        NBA icon Charles Barkley got heated Thursday after Golden State Warriors fans began pelting the Hall of Famer with T-shirts following the Warriors' win over the Dallas Mavericks in Game 5 of the Western Conference Finals.
      • Trump Legal Troubles
        Gamblers are betting the farm that former President Donald Trump will enter the 2024 race and win.
      • Hunter Biden laptop China business dealings
        Hunter Biden's business ties to men he believes were connected to Chinese intelligence loom large as he faces an investigation into his taxes, overseas business dealings, and possible foreign lobbying.
      • Joe Biden
        While newly released numbers from the Congressional Budget Office do not project a recession in 2022, the office's long-term analysis projects a sharply increasing national debt that the Biden administration, or a future one, will need to tackle.
      • Biden Policing
        Some of President Joe Biden's closest allies have little faith that his impassioned responses to the Uvalde, Texas, and Buffalo, New York, mass shootings will result in any concrete action on guns before the end of the year.
      • Biden Asia
        As President Joe Biden’s aides raced to clean up his vow to defend Taiwan from China using military force, they again found themselves caught between sensitive international issues and the president’s imprecise words that some argue should be left to stand.
    Joe Biden 'should be IMPEACHED' after 'disturbing' video ...

    05-06-2021 · The incident was not picked up by a mic, but laughing audience members captured the moment on their cell phones Credit: Fox News. Ahead of his speech, Biden met with survivors of the 1921 attack on Black Wall Street the left hundreds in the black community dead.. He compared the violence to the Capitol riot on January 6, 2021, although he stated the wrong date, instead mistakingly referring to ...

    05-06-2021

    DALLAS Cowboys wide receiver Terrance Williams bizarrely called for President Joe Biden to be impeached following his latest blunder.

    Williams shared a video of Biden rushing off stage at a recent event to "make sure" two young girls in attendance got ice cream after his speech.

    Biden took a detour before his speech to talk to two young girls
    Biden took a detour before his speech to talk to two young girlsCredit: AFP
    Biden said he needed to 'make sure' two girls got ice cream following the event
    Biden said he needed to 'make sure' two girls got ice cream following the eventCredit: Reuters

    As Biden took to the stage in Tulsa, Oklahoma to pay tribute to the 100th anniversary of the Tulsa Race Massacre, he made a quick detour.

    "I've got to make one check," Biden said leaving the stage.

    Video shows Biden approaching two young girls who sat with their mother and speaking to them for a moment before returning to the stage.

    "I just had to make sure two girls got ice cream when this is over," Biden said to a laughing audience when he returned to the stage.

    Biden stepped off stage before making his speech
    Biden stepped off stage before making his speechCredit: Fox News
    The incident was not picked up by a mic, but laughing audience members captured the moment on their cell phones
    The incident was not picked up by a mic, but laughing audience members captured the moment on their cell phonesCredit: Fox News

    Ahead of his speech, Biden met with survivors of the 1921 attack on Black Wall Street the left hundreds in the black community dead.

    He compared the violence to the Capitol riot on January 6, 2021, although he stated the wrong date, instead mistakingly referring to January 9, 2021.

    Williams, a strong supporter of former President Donald Trump, shared the incident on Twitter.

    "THIS VIDEO IS DISTURBING! This is a very sick man and I’m calling on every Republican and Democrat to impeach this man!" Williams tweeted of the moment Biden left the stage to speak to the young girls.

    The outlandish request for impeachment was not a sentiment widely shared.

    Williams frequently posts videos on social media in his red MAGA hat as he rails against Democrats
    Williams frequently posts videos on social media in his red MAGA hat as he rails against DemocratsCredit: Twitter
    Williams is a longtime fan of former President Trump
    Williams is a longtime fan of former President TrumpCredit: TWITTER

    Williams frequently dons his bright red "KEEP AMERICA GREAT" hat on social media and rants against Vice President Kamala Harris, Dr. Anthony Fauci, and Biden.

    The football player recently posted a picture of Biden kissing his granddaughter, saying, "This is not my President."

    In another post, he simply said: "We don’t have a real President or a Vice President. America does not have a leader. Raise your hand if you agree."

    Fact check: CNN article about President Biden lowering age ...

    The age of consent in the U.S. varies within states, ranging between 16 and 18 . A look into the evolution of the age of consent in the U.S. is available here .

    By Reuters Staff

    Social media users have been sharing a screenshot online that shows a CNN Politics article with the headline “Biden administration lowers age of consent to 8”. This claim is false and this image has been digitally altered; CNN published no such article.

    Reuters Fact Check. REUTERS

    Examples can be seen  here  and  here  .

    The text visible in the article reads: “President Joe Biden’s administration confirmed that the legal age of consent will be lowered to 8 starting February 16th. During a speech Tuesday afternoon, Biden stated ‘We have to do it… The age, the kids, they should be about this old.’ Biden then held up a gesture suggesting the historic decrease. This change is a huge win for progressives everywhere seeking to increase freedom for children. The incoming Defense Secretary detailed their plan to export this progress worldwide, freeing savage countries who let children become weary with old age before breeding is allowed.”

    The screenshot was likely taken from a real CNN article visible  here  . The authors, date and time in the article match the screenshot in the claim. The headline, text and photograph were replaced digitally.

    Matt Dornic, head of strategic communications for CNN, told Reuters via email that CNN did not report any such story. “The image is both fake and appalling,” Dornic added. “We have reported it to Facebook for removal.”

    Other posts featured a fake article preview with the same headline, one example is visible here .

    The age of consent in the U.S. varies within states, ranging between 16 and 18 (here). A look into the evolution of the age of consent in the U.S. is available  here  .

    Reuters did not find any actual news reporting any recent changes to the age of consent by Biden’s administration.

    The claim features striking similarity to narratives presented by the debunked conspiracy theory QAnon, whose followers often allude to “a secret campaign” being waged by Donald Trump against a pedophile sex trafficking ring that includes prominent Democrats, Hollywood elites and “deep state” allies (here).

    In Sept. 2020, Reuters debunked similar false claims that people were trying to lower the legal age of consent to four years old,  here  .

    VERDICT

    Altered. The screenshot shows a CNN article that was digitally altered by changing the headline, text and photograph.

    This article was produced by the Reuters Fact Check team. Read more about our fact-checking work  here  .         

    Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

    breitbart.com

    Joe Biden Reflects on Life at Age 79: ‘God, You’re Getting Old, Biden’ ... 1 Dec 2021. President Joe Biden reflected on his age at a Hanukkah menorah lighting ceremony at the White House on Wednesday. Biden recalled speaking to some younger people on his staff before the event about his many trips to Israel.